Islam 101 an introduction to islam beyond the middle east
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Islam 101- An Introduction to Islam/Beyond the Middle East. This session will discuss the basic tenets of Islam the religion and its origin. We will also introduce who the diverse cultural groups are from around the world that practice Islam. Some Basic Facts:.

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Islam 101- An Introduction to Islam/Beyond the Middle East

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Islam 101 an introduction to islam beyond the middle east

Islam 101- An Introduction to Islam/Beyond the Middle East

  • This session will discuss the basic tenets of Islam the religion and its origin. We will also introduce who the diverse cultural groups are from around the world that practice Islam.


Some basic facts

Some Basic Facts:

  • “Islam” is an Arabic word. It means peace or submission – peace with God, or submission.

  • “Salaam alaykum” The same Arabic root word meaning “peace be with you” is the universal Muslim greeting.

  • “Muslim” is also Arabic in origin; meaning one who believes in and consciously follows Islam.


Allah

ALLAH

  • Islam begins with God (Allah). The word “Allah” is formed by joining the definite Arabic article “al” which means “the” with the Arabic “llah”, which means God.

  • “La ilaha illa Allah” means “There is no god but Allah (God)”


Muhammad the messenger of god

Born in Mecca

Christian calendar year 570 A.D.

Name means “highly praised”

Considered the final prophet

The Night of Power

610 A.D. when Allah spoke to Muhammad

In a cave on Mount Hira ( on the outskirts of Mecca)

Muhammad, The Messenger of God


Hijra the flight to medina

Hijra – The Flight to Medina

  • 622 A.D. (Christian Calendar)

  • Muhammad fled Mecca to Yathrib

  • A new era and beginning of the Muslim Calendar

  • Medinat al-nabi “The City of the Prophet” Medina= “The City”

  • 10 A.H. (after the Hijra)


The qur an

THE QUR’AN

  • “al-quran” in Arabic means a recitation

  • The word of God revealed to Muhammad over a time frame of 23 years through the voice of the angel Gabriel

  • 114 surahs (or chapters)

  • Slightly shorter in length than the Christian New Testament


How many are muslims

1 billion followers (1/5 of the world population)

Less than 10 percent of Muslims are Arab

Majority Muslims are found throughout the Middle East,North Africa, East Asiaandthe PacificIslands ex.Indonesia, Malaysia, southernPhilippines

Large numbers include Western Europe, the former Soviet Union, and North America.

How Many Are Muslims?


The five pillars of faith

The Five Pillars of Faith

  • 1. Shahada (affirmation)

  • 2. Salat (prayer)

  • 3. Zakat (almsgiving)

  • 4. Siyam (fasting)

  • 5. Hajj (pilgrimage)


The fast of ramadhan

The Fast of Ramadhan

  • The ninth month of the Muslim Calendar

  • When Muslims fast during the entire month to concentrate on their faith and spend less time on the concerns of everyday life

  • A time of worship and contemplation


Ramadhan restrictions expectations

No eating or drinking during the daylight hours (from dawn to sunset)

Smoking and sexual relations are also forbidden

The good from fasting is nullified by

The telling of a lie

Slander

Denouncing someone behind his back

A false oath

Greed or covetousness

Ramadhan restrictions/expectations


Recommended books

Recommended books:

  • What Every Christian Should Know About Islam by Ruqaiyya Waris

  • More In Common Than You Think – The Bridge Between Islam and Christianity by Bill Baker

  • The Autobiography of Malcolm X- as told to Alex Haley

  • Muslim on the Americanization Path by Yvonne Haddad and John Esposito

  • For God and Country: Faith and Patriotism Under Fire by Chaplain James Yee


Recommended on line resources

Recommended On Line Resources

  • www.MuslimBridges.org

  • http://www.al-islam.com/eng/

  • http://www.islamselect.com/english/index.php

  • http://www.islaam.ca/

  • http://islam.about.com/


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