Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research Agenda
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Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research AgendaOn-line Conference, from Montreal, May 22nd, 2008The Case for an eLearning Research and Innovation Strategy Gilbert PaquetteLORNET Scientific DirectorCRC in Instructional and Cognitive EngineeringLICEF Research Center, Télé-universitéwww.licef.teluq.uquebec.ca/gp


Study on International eLearning Initiatives

Financed by CCL/CCA in 2005


Obstacles to an e-Learning strategy in Canada

  • Education is not a federal competency ?

  • Too many provincial jurisdictions with tight budgets ?

  • E-learning is already sufficiently disseminated ?

  • Insufficient awareness on the importance of eLearning in the knowledge society ?

  • No need for sustained, coordinated programs and initiatives; no need for a eLearning strategy ?


Organizations & Multiple Jurisdictions

  • JISC_UK (since 1993)

    • England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland

  • Education.au (since 1997)

    • All Australian states and territories education authorities (8);

  • European Union – eLearning programs (since 2003)

    • 27 countries; Multilingual

  • Educause - USA

    • 50 states


Main Findings

  • E-learning seen as a productive part of the new economy

  • Strategies and actions are government initiated

  • Embrace a wide scope of activities and stakeholders

  • Substantial public funding

  • Research, a fundamental dimension in the e-learning strategy

  • Jurisdictional competencies and cultural diversity are not constraints to collaboration


JISC Initiatives

Wide range of services and financial support to projects


Education.au Initiatives

  • Wide range of services & capacities centered around accessing, developing and sharing online content & services :

    • Business services (user needs)

    • Technical services and solutions

    • Comprehensive web services

    • Scalable web solutions

    • Standards and interoperability

    • Web desk services

  • Main current projects :

    • EdNA Learning Object Repository

    • myfuture.edu.au- Australia's career information service

    • The Le@rning Federation : Australia / New Zealand, 2001-2006

    • Government Education Portal (Commonwealth)

    • Interoperability standards development

    • <.edu.au>domain name management


European Initiatives

  • EC eLearning program (2004-2006):

    • Education, training and lifelong learning

    • Teachers, trainers, learners

    • Schools and higher education institutions

    • Promoting digital literacy

    • European virtual campuses

    • e-Twinning of schools & promotion of teacher training

    • Transversal actions for the promotion of e-learning in Europe (including elearningeuropa - eLearning portal)

  • European Schoolnet

    • School networking and services

    • Policy and Practice

    • Interoperability and Content exchange


EDUCAUSE (USA) Initiatives

  • Professional development activities

  • Applied research

  • Strategic policy advocacy

  • Teaching and learning initiatives

  • Online information services

  • Print and electronic publications, including books, monographs, and the magazines EDUCAUSE Quarterly and EDUCAUSE Review

  • Special interest collaborative communities

  • Awards for leadership and exemplary practices


Type of organizations

  • JISC

    A NFP Organization led by Higher Education Councils of UK countries, Research Councils and UK universities representatives

  • Education.au ltd.

    Non-profit Corporation put in place by a federal Australian Law in agreement with the Ministers of Education of the 8 States and Territories governments

  • European Unioninitiatives

    They are projects put in place by EU Education Ministries decrees, funded by EU Governments

  • EDUCAUSE : member-driven initiative

    Non profit association of 2,000 colleges, universities, educational organizations, 200 corporations, and 15,000 active members


Funding

  • JISC

    • 2004-05: 137 M$ CAN funding from HE councils

  • Education.au

    • 2005 : 10 M$ CAN

  • European Union

    • eLearning prog. 2004-2006: 63 M$ CAN

    • Eur. Schoolnet, 2006: 5,46 M$ CAN

    • « eContent plus » 2005–08 : 214 M$ CAN

    • TeLearn, 2005-06 : 78 M$ CAN

  • EDUCAUSE

    • 2006 : 13,6 M $US (only for central management)


The Situation in Canada-Key issues and concerns


Canadian Initiatives

  • Huge investments in the ICT infrastructure

  • CANARIE’S eLearning : 32 projects through its 29 millions $ cost-shared; Program ended after 5 years

  • Industry Canada funded Canadian participation in IMS and IEEE, now absent from these decision centers

  • SchoolNet had a huge impact on K-12 and was ended while it was more and more productive

  • Canadian participation to international initiatives like GLOBE is fragile

  • The LORNET research network has achieved important R&D results that need to be transferred and disseminated; no funding for that


Why Are We Behind ?

  • Discontinuity of major initiatives

  • Short-terms financing of small projects

  • Duplication and waste of efforts

  • Separation of research and innovations projects from implementation and deployment initiatives

  • Multiplicity of centers of decision

  • Lack of strategy, long-term vision, determination and continuity

  • Funding totally insufficient


Proposals for an eLearning Strategy and a Research Agenda


Internet, the Ubiquitous Learning Platform

  • Did you use the Internet at least once in the last seven days ? (NetTendances 2007, Cefrio)


Needed: A Vision and a Strategy for the Quality of Learning

  • Learner centered approaches must be instrumented across boundaries, in a life long learning perspective

  • Repositories of content resources, design resources, and interoperable tools must be made available to learners and educators and evaluated by them to ensure more quality

  • Programs for the development of high-quality content and learning designs should be put in place systematically in workplace sectors and subject matters in universities, colleges and schools

  • Programs for the professional development of teachers and trainers must be supported using eLearning technologies, including competency self-assessment resources.


Needed Initiatives

  • eLearning R&D Dissemination Fund

  • Action Research Joint Funding Program by the Canadian Research Councils

  • Research Program on eLearning standards Implementation and Professional Training

  • Sustain a Network of Learning Object Repositories Linked to the Globe Project.

  • Support Communities of Practice to Develop High-quality Content and Learning Designs.Implement a User-based Evaluation Process.

  • Develop eLearning Modules for educators eLearning professionals and Create Competency Assessment Programs


A Coordinating Agency

Infrastruc-ture,

Tools & Standards

Policy orientation & Planning

Business IntelligenceProgress & NeedsAss..

Research Programs

ELearning Dissemina-tion Support

Community Awareness

Programs

Coordinating

Structure

Nunavut

Centre

BC Centre

Prairies

Centre

Québec Centre

Atlantic Centre

Ontario Centre


Some Research Priorities


Research on the Educational Web

K

Internet Generations

4

Intelligent Web

3

Semantic Web

Increasing Knowledge Networks

1

Information Web

2

Social Web

S

Increasing Social Networks


IMS-LD

Web 1.0 - The Technical Challenges: Interoperability, Reusability, Scalability, Flexibility

SCORM

QTI

Etc.


Leaning Object Respositories:Networking Worldwide for Quality

LORNET(CANADA)

SCHOOLNET(EUROPE)

ARIADNE(EUROPE)

MERLOT(ÉTATS-UNIS)

FRANCO : RAFAEL

NIME(JAPON)

EDNA(AUSTRALIE)

LACLO(AMERIQUE DU SUD)


Web 2.0 - Social Interactivity


Mobility - PodCasting


Web 3.0 – The Knowledge Web


MegaTrends – The Future is Here

  • New communication means and interfaces

  • Collective creation and sharing of knowledge

  • Prosumerism: Content production by users

  • New forms of socialization

  • Augmented and Virtual Reality Environments

  • Personal mobile multimedia assistant

  • Internet as the unique and ubiquitous educational platform


Profund Impact on Learning

  • Learning through personal research – Renewed importance on « Learning to Learn »

  • Multiplicity of (valuable or unreliable) information sources

  • Information management competencies are key

  • Creating a new equilibrium between search/browsing and human interaction, between real and virtual activities

  • New means for an active, constructive pedagogy based on real situation, problem solving, project-based learning, etc.


Evolution of the Tasks and Roles of Educators

  • On-line learning questions traditional models : inevitable focus on learner – team work – facilitation

  • Frontiers between departments, institutions, countries are blurring – shift towards higher competencies – specialization and collaboration are essential

  • Mobility of knowledge diversifies ways, time and places where to learn – Distance Ed is the future

  • Large gap between students and professors towards perceptions and use of technologies - digital divide to evercome

  • The number and the interaction of teaching decisions increases – need for a new ISD methodology


New Institutional Challenges

  • Educational institution and training department must change their processes towards networking instead of the industrial model

  • Need to develop new forms of interaction, collaboration, evaluation and work for instructional design, learning resource production and search, and delivery processes

  • Importance to model knowledge and competencies linked to processes and resources

  • Invent services, content and media to be delivered in multiple ways: desktop, mobile devices, F2F meetings,…

  • Become learning organizations - Offer means to acquire and develop information, media and method competencies to professors, staff and students – New roles for the libraries linked to knowledge portals


Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research AgendaOn-line Conference, from Montreal, 22nd, 2008Merci ! www.licef.teluq.uquebec.ca/gp


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