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Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research AgendaOn-line Conference, from Montreal, May 22nd, 2008The Case for an eLearning Research and Innovation Strategy Gilbert PaquetteLORNET Scientific DirectorCRC in Instructional and Cognitive EngineeringLICEF Research Center, Télé-universitéwww.licef.teluq.uquebec.ca/gp

obstacles to an e learning strategy in canada
Obstacles to an e-Learning strategy in Canada
  • Education is not a federal competency ?
  • Too many provincial jurisdictions with tight budgets ?
  • E-learning is already sufficiently disseminated ?
  • Insufficient awareness on the importance of eLearning in the knowledge society ?
  • No need for sustained, coordinated programs and initiatives; no need for a eLearning strategy ?
organizations multiple jurisdictions
Organizations & Multiple Jurisdictions
  • JISC_UK (since 1993)
    • England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland
  • Education.au (since 1997)
    • All Australian states and territories education authorities (8);
  • European Union – eLearning programs (since 2003)
    • 27 countries; Multilingual
  • Educause - USA
    • 50 states
main findings
Main Findings
  • E-learning seen as a productive part of the new economy
  • Strategies and actions are government initiated
  • Embrace a wide scope of activities and stakeholders
  • Substantial public funding
  • Research, a fundamental dimension in the e-learning strategy
  • Jurisdictional competencies and cultural diversity are not constraints to collaboration
jisc initiatives
JISC Initiatives

Wide range of services and financial support to projects

education au initiatives
Education.au Initiatives
  • Wide range of services & capacities centered around accessing, developing and sharing online content & services :
    • Business services (user needs)
    • Technical services and solutions
    • Comprehensive web services
    • Scalable web solutions
    • Standards and interoperability
    • Web desk services
  • Main current projects :
    • EdNA Learning Object Repository
    • myfuture.edu.au- Australia\'s career information service
    • The [email protected] Federation : Australia / New Zealand, 2001-2006
    • Government Education Portal (Commonwealth)
    • Interoperability standards development
    • <.edu.au>domain name management
european initiatives
European Initiatives
  • EC eLearning program (2004-2006):
    • Education, training and lifelong learning
    • Teachers, trainers, learners
    • Schools and higher education institutions
    • Promoting digital literacy
    • European virtual campuses
    • e-Twinning of schools & promotion of teacher training
    • Transversal actions for the promotion of e-learning in Europe (including elearningeuropa - eLearning portal)
  • European Schoolnet
    • School networking and services
    • Policy and Practice
    • Interoperability and Content exchange
educause usa initiatives
EDUCAUSE (USA) Initiatives
  • Professional development activities
  • Applied research
  • Strategic policy advocacy
  • Teaching and learning initiatives
  • Online information services
  • Print and electronic publications, including books, monographs, and the magazines EDUCAUSE Quarterly and EDUCAUSE Review
  • Special interest collaborative communities
  • Awards for leadership and exemplary practices
type of organizations
Type of organizations
  • JISC

A NFP Organization led by Higher Education Councils of UK countries, Research Councils and UK universities representatives

  • Education.au ltd.

Non-profit Corporation put in place by a federal Australian Law in agreement with the Ministers of Education of the 8 States and Territories governments

  • European Unioninitiatives

They are projects put in place by EU Education Ministries decrees, funded by EU Governments

  • EDUCAUSE : member-driven initiative

Non profit association of 2,000 colleges, universities, educational organizations, 200 corporations, and 15,000 active members

funding
Funding
  • JISC
    • 2004-05: 137 M$ CAN funding from HE councils
  • Education.au
    • 2005 : 10 M$ CAN
  • European Union
    • eLearning prog. 2004-2006: 63 M$ CAN
    • Eur. Schoolnet, 2006: 5,46 M$ CAN
    • « eContent plus » 2005–08 : 214 M$ CAN
    • TeLearn, 2005-06 : 78 M$ CAN
  • EDUCAUSE
    • 2006 : 13,6 M $US (only for central management)
canadian initiatives
Canadian Initiatives
  • Huge investments in the ICT infrastructure
  • CANARIE’S eLearning : 32 projects through its 29 millions $ cost-shared; Program ended after 5 years
  • Industry Canada funded Canadian participation in IMS and IEEE, now absent from these decision centers
  • SchoolNet had a huge impact on K-12 and was ended while it was more and more productive
  • Canadian participation to international initiatives like GLOBE is fragile
  • The LORNET research network has achieved important R&D results that need to be transferred and disseminated; no funding for that
why are we behind
Why Are We Behind ?
  • Discontinuity of major initiatives
  • Short-terms financing of small projects
  • Duplication and waste of efforts
  • Separation of research and innovations projects from implementation and deployment initiatives
  • Multiplicity of centers of decision
  • Lack of strategy, long-term vision, determination and continuity
  • Funding totally insufficient
internet the ubiquitous learning platform
Internet, the Ubiquitous Learning Platform
  • Did you use the Internet at least once in the last seven days ? (NetTendances 2007, Cefrio)
needed a vision and a strategy for the quality of learning
Needed: A Vision and a Strategy for the Quality of Learning
  • Learner centered approaches must be instrumented across boundaries, in a life long learning perspective
  • Repositories of content resources, design resources, and interoperable tools must be made available to learners and educators and evaluated by them to ensure more quality
  • Programs for the development of high-quality content and learning designs should be put in place systematically in workplace sectors and subject matters in universities, colleges and schools
  • Programs for the professional development of teachers and trainers must be supported using eLearning technologies, including competency self-assessment resources.
needed initiatives
Needed Initiatives
  • eLearning R&D Dissemination Fund
  • Action Research Joint Funding Program by the Canadian Research Councils
  • Research Program on eLearning standards Implementation and Professional Training
  • Sustain a Network of Learning Object Repositories Linked to the Globe Project.
  • Support Communities of Practice to Develop High-quality Content and Learning Designs.Implement a User-based Evaluation Process.
  • Develop eLearning Modules for educators eLearning professionals and Create Competency Assessment Programs
a coordinating agency
A Coordinating Agency

Infrastruc-ture,

Tools & Standards

Policy orientation & Planning

Business IntelligenceProgress & NeedsAss..

Research Programs

ELearning Dissemina-tion Support

Community Awareness

Programs

Coordinating

Structure

Nunavut

Centre

BC Centre

Prairies

Centre

Québec Centre

Atlantic Centre

Ontario Centre

research on the educational web
Research on the Educational Web

K

Internet Generations

4

Intelligent Web

3

Semantic Web

Increasing Knowledge Networks

1

Information Web

2

Social Web

S

Increasing Social Networks

web 1 0 the technical challenges interoperability reusability scalability flexibility

IMS-LD

Web 1.0 - The Technical Challenges: Interoperability, Reusability, Scalability, Flexibility

SCORM

QTI

Etc.

leaning object respositories networking worldwide for quality
Leaning Object Respositories:Networking Worldwide for Quality

LORNET(CANADA)

SCHOOLNET(EUROPE)

ARIADNE(EUROPE)

MERLOT(ÉTATS-UNIS)

FRANCO : RAFAEL

NIME(JAPON)

EDNA(AUSTRALIE)

LACLO(AMERIQUE DU SUD)

megatrends the future is here
MegaTrends – The Future is Here
  • New communication means and interfaces
  • Collective creation and sharing of knowledge
  • Prosumerism: Content production by users
  • New forms of socialization
  • Augmented and Virtual Reality Environments
  • Personal mobile multimedia assistant
  • Internet as the unique and ubiquitous educational platform
profund impact on learning
Profund Impact on Learning
  • Learning through personal research – Renewed importance on « Learning to Learn »
  • Multiplicity of (valuable or unreliable) information sources
  • Information management competencies are key
  • Creating a new equilibrium between search/browsing and human interaction, between real and virtual activities
  • New means for an active, constructive pedagogy based on real situation, problem solving, project-based learning, etc.
evolution of the tasks and roles of educators
Evolution of the Tasks and Roles of Educators
  • On-line learning questions traditional models : inevitable focus on learner – team work – facilitation
  • Frontiers between departments, institutions, countries are blurring – shift towards higher competencies – specialization and collaboration are essential
  • Mobility of knowledge diversifies ways, time and places where to learn – Distance Ed is the future
  • Large gap between students and professors towards perceptions and use of technologies - digital divide to evercome
  • The number and the interaction of teaching decisions increases – need for a new ISD methodology
new institutional challenges
New Institutional Challenges
  • Educational institution and training department must change their processes towards networking instead of the industrial model
  • Need to develop new forms of interaction, collaboration, evaluation and work for instructional design, learning resource production and search, and delivery processes
  • Importance to model knowledge and competencies linked to processes and resources
  • Invent services, content and media to be delivered in multiple ways: desktop, mobile devices, F2F meetings,…
  • Become learning organizations - Offer means to acquire and develop information, media and method competencies to professors, staff and students – New roles for the libraries linked to knowledge portals
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Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research AgendaOn-line Conference, from Montreal, 22nd, 2008Merci ! www.licef.teluq.uquebec.ca/gp

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