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Roman Meals. Latin I 2013. Let’s Eat!. Most Romans were poor. “Bread and Circuses” Annona ---welfare tokens Alimenta ---similar to our WIC program for kids Daily food in the city for the lower classes would have had little variety: bread, vegetables, meat on occasion

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roman meals

Roman Meals

Latin I

2013

let s eat
Let’s Eat!
  • Most Romans were poor.
  • “Bread and Circuses”
  • Annona---welfare tokens
  • Alimenta---similar to our WIC program for kids
  • Daily food in the city for the lower classes would have had little variety: bread, vegetables, meat on occasion
  • Wealthy Romans enjoyed a wide range of food.
your meals
Your Meals
  • ientaculum: breakfast (usually bread dipped in oil or wine; wealthier people might add fruit, cheese, etc.)
  • prandium: lunch (a light meal, usually cold leftovers)
  • cena: dinner (largest meal of the day, might start as early as 3 PM)
where did food come from
Where Did Food Come From?
  • Markets: vegetables, fish, poultry, meat, fruits
  • Thermopolium: take-out shop
  • Pistrina: bakery
  • Only the wealthy had culinae (kitchens) in their homes
common foods
Common Foods
  • Bread
  • Poultry/fish
  • Vegetables
  • Meat: for the poor, on rare ocassions such as public sacrifices
what the romans did not have
What the Romans did NOT have…
  • rice strawberries
  • pasta raspberries
  • tomatoes coffee
  • potatoes tea
  • sugar hard liquor
  • corn butter
  • oranges chocolate
  • bananas
slide9

Instead of butter, they used olive oil

  • Instead of pasta, they used thin pancakes
  • Romans had many varieties of wine from all over the Empire---wine was always mixed with water (to make different strengths)
fishy business
Fishy Business!
  • Garum, aka liquamen
  • “Fish sauce” or “fish pickle”
  • Made from the heads, bones, and entrails of fish which decomposed in a strong brine
don t think it s around today
Don’t think it’s around today?!

Vinegar, Molasses, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Anchovies, Water, Onions, Salt, Garlic, Tamarind Concentrate, Cloves, Natural Flavorings, Chili Pepper Extract.

a dinner party
A Dinner Party
  • Triclinium--- “tri”=“three”, literally 3 couches, 3 people per couch (the ideal number for a dinner party)
  • Guests reclined to eat, resting on the left elbow
  • Slaves would remove guests’ sandals and wash their feet
presentation
Presentation!
  • Wealthy parties would feature exotic foods such as peacock and flamingo
  • Often cooks would present food disguised as something else (such as a pig that looked like a chicken, or cakes made to look like boiled eggs)
utensils
Utensils
  • Spoons, plates, bowls, goblets
  • No forks
  • Slaves carved meat into small pieces before it was sent to the table
  • Most eating was done with the fingers
courses
Courses
  • Appetizer: gustatio
    • eggs, shellfish, salad, mulsum---honeyed wine
  • Main course: fercula
    • several courses, odd number, the chief dish would be served in the middle
  • Pause for libation to the gods
  • Dessert: secundamensa (“second table”)
    • fruits, sometimes pastries
  • Sometimes slaves would replace the entire table top for dessert…that’s why it was called “second table”
roman dinner party project
Roman Dinner Party Project!
  • You must invite 8 guests (and yourself) for the nine diners. The guests can be anyone, real or fiction, living or dead.
  • Draw out your seating chart and show who will sit where.
  • Using web resources, plan your dinner with the gustatio, fercula, and secundamensa. Make a menu with the Latin and English recipe names. Include a description of the dish.
  • Plan your entertainment. The Romans enjoyed poetry, dancers, music, acrobats, and so forth. You can use modern entertainers if you’d like.
what you ll turn in
What you’ll turn in:
  • On unlined paper:
    • Your Roman-style seating chart/guests’ names (point out who is the guest of honor)
    • Your decorated menu. Include the entertainment at the bottom.
      • gustatio (appetizers), fercula (main course), secundamensa (dessert)---include a description of each dish in English.
    • Work should be historically accurate, neatly done (preferably typed or printed), and show off all your research!
slide20

Menu: gustatio(at least 2 dishes) 20 pts

fercula (at least 3 dishes) 20 pts

secundamensa(1 or more dish) 20 pts

Seating chart: 8 guests 10 pts

Seating chart diagram 10 pts

Entertainment:10 pts

Neatness/layout: 10 pts

TOTAL 100 points

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