Renewable Raw Materials Group , Brussels, 02/04/2014 “Study on the wood raw material supply and demand for the EU wood-processing industries”. Jeremy Wall European Commission, DG Enterprise and Industry Unit-F3 «Raw Materials, Metals, Minerals and Forest-based Industries».
Renewable Raw Materials Group, Brussels, 02/04/2014“Study on the wood raw material supply and demand for the EU wood-processing industries”
European Commission, DG Enterprise and Industry
Unit-F3 «Raw Materials, Metals, Minerals and Forest-based Industries»
2&3. EU resource & energy efficiency objectives
4. Raw materials, their sources and their flows
5. Logistics (wood harvesting, infrastructures & transport)
6. Structural adaptation
7. Innovation & RTD
8. Education, training &skills, including shortages; ageing workforce
9. Coherence of EU legislation and costs arising
10. Implementation of EU climate policy, including beyond 2020
11. International competition, trade and co-operation
12. Information, communications and image
NB initiatives for CCA (cumulative costassessment) cascade & mobilisation underEuropean Innovation Partnesrship for RawMaterials
Main study objectives:
Main conclusions - quantitative:
Main conclusions - qualitative:
EU-wood-processing and sector & bio-energy sectors
Wood pulp & recovered paper
Sawnwood and wood-based panels
Roundwood & other wood biomass
Paper & paperboard
Recovered paper collection
Recovered paper utilisation
Strong usageRAW MATERIAL SOURCES FOR VARIOUS END USES
Low usageNB: WOOD PRODUCTS’ RAW MATERIALS ARE FURTHER LIMITED BY SPECIES, QUALITY
No usageAND DIMENSIONS BUT BIO-ENERGY CAN USE ALL WOOD SOURCES
Inter-relationships: solid wood products Roundwood dominates throughout the EU region. Use of industrial residues between 20-25% in countries with significant reconstituted panel industries.
Inter-relations – Pulp and PaperRecovered paper to increase its dominant share in raw material use over roundwood. Industrial residues have a role in countries with significant sawmill industry.
Inter-relations – BioenergyRoundwood to retain its importance and forest residues to increase strongly. However, significant differences among Member States.
Inter-relations – Raw Material by TypeRoundwood clearly the most used material type, followed by recovered paper and industrial residues. Use of roundwood and forest residues to increase the most.
Changes to 2016: Pulp and Paper and wood products to remain relatively unchanged whereas bioenergy to increase significantly. In addition, energy related raw material gap expected in 2016.
Total Raw Material Use in EU-27
Change in Raw Material Use in EU-27
Examples of cost structures in different wood-processing sectors: wood price is a key issue, especially for sawmilling
Note: Cost structure of the average European producer
Sawmilling is a driving force for harvesting EU wood and thus wood supply to other EU wood-processing industries and the bio-energy sector. However, its highest price is in the EU.
But EU sawlogsarealsoexported to low-cost competitors – including potential residues.
Cascade factors for EU wood use (2000-2016):
Simple cascade1.961.992.07 2.10
Total cascade1.851.861.88 1.83
NB cascade factor is the ratio of total new wood material (e.g. roundwood) input to (wood products + pulp & paper+ bio-energy) to their total wood raw material inputs (roundwood equivalents). This cascade factor is thus a multiple of the extent to which residues from sawmilling (1st process) et al. are re-used as inputs in other processes along the value chain as a whole.
Section 3.1 of the new EU Forest Strategy,footnote 9:
"Under the cascade principle, woodisused in the followingorder of priorities: wood-basedproducts, extendingtheir service life, re-use, recycling, bio-energy and disposal."
Section 3.3.2 (text box):
"……develop good-practice guidance for…..the cascade principle…"
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F-BI web-site: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/wood-paper-printing/index_en.htm(NB Indufor study)
EU “Raw Materials Initiative” web-page:
European Innovation Partnership Raw Materials: