Sentence structure
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 21

Sentence Structure PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 62 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Sentence Structure. Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex Sentences. What is Sentence Structure?. The structure of a sentence refers to the kinds and the number of clauses it contains. The four kinds of sentences are simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex . Simple Sentences.

Download Presentation

Sentence Structure

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Sentence Structure

Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex Sentences


What is Sentence Structure?

  • The structure of a sentence refers to the kinds and the number of clauses it contains.

  • The four kinds of sentences are simple, compound, complex,and compound-complex.


Simple Sentences

  • A simple sentence contains one independent clause and no subordinating clauses.

    S V

    • EX: The hairstylist gave Laura a new look.

      S V

    • EX: Ernesto has volunteered to organize the recycling campaign.


Simple Sentences Cont.

  • A simple sentence may contain a compound subject, a compound verb, and any number of phrases.

    S S V

    • EX: Beth Heidenand Sheila Young won Olympic medals. [compound subject]

      SV V

    • EX: Lawrencecaught the ball but then dropped it. [compound verb]

      SSV

    • EX: The astronomer and her assistantstudied the meteor and

      V

      wrote reports. [compound subject and compound verb]


Identify the subjects and the verbs in the following simple sentences

  • As protection from such weapons, warriors in battle needed special equipment.

  • Some warriors used shields of wood or animal hides.

  • By 1800 B.C., the Greeks had made the first metal armor out of bronze.

  • Later, the Romans manufactured strong iron armor and designed special equipment, such as shinguards.

  • Before and during the Middle Ages, European knights and foot soldiers often dressed in skirts of chain mail.


Identify the subjects and the verbs in the following simple sentences

  • As protection from such weapons, warriors in battle needed special equipment.

  • Some warriorsused shields of wood or animal hides.

  • By 1800 B.C., the Greekshad made the first metal armor out of bronze.

  • Later, the Romansmanufactured strong iron armor and designed special equipment, such as shinguards.

  • Before and during the Middle Ages, European knights and foot soldiers often dressed in skirts of chain mail.


Compound Sentences

  • A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses and no subordinate clauses.

  • The independent clauses are usually joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction.

    • EX: According to legend, Betsy Ross made our first flag, but little evidence supports this claim. [two independent clauses joined by the conjunction but.]

    • EX: The whistle blew, the drums rolled, and the crowd cheered. [three independent clauses, the last two joined by the conjunction and.]

S

V

S

V

S

S

V

V

S

V


Simple vs. Compound

  • Do not confuse a compound sentence with a simple sentence that contains a compound subject, a compound verb, or both.

    SS V

    • SIMPLE SENTENCE: Alberto and Jared increased their speed

      V

      and passed the other runners. [compound subject and compound verb]

      S V

    • COMPOUND SENTENCE: Alberto led for half the distance,

      S V

      and then Jared took the lead. [two independent clauses]


Compound Sentences cont.

  • The independent clauses in a compound sentence may also be joined by a semicolon, a conjunctive adverb, and a comma.

    SV

    • EX: Many mathematical concepts originated in North

      S V

      Africa; the ancient Egyptians used these concepts in building the pyramids.

      S V S V

    • Lynn called Marty with the good news; however, he was not at home.


Identifying Subjects, Verbs, and Conjunctions in Compound Sentences

  • Many strange things happen backstage during a performance, but the audience usually does not know about them

  • The director of a theater visited our class, and we listened to his stories for almost an hour.

  • According to him, the workers in charge of properties are usually alert and careful; however, they still make mistakes sometimes.

  • Directors cannot always predict the reactions of the audience, nor can they always control the audience.


Identifying Subjects, Verbs, and Conjunctions in Compound Sentences

  • Many strange thingshappen backstage during a performance[,but]the audience usually does not know about them.

  • The director of a theater visited our class[, and]welistened to his stories for almost an hour.

  • According to him, the workers in charge of properties are usually alert and careful[; however,]they still make mistakes sometimes.

  • Directorscannot always predict the reactions of the audience[, nor]canthey always control the audience.


Complex Sentences

  • A complex sentencecontains one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause.

    S V SV

    • EX:When I watch Martha Graham’s performances, I feel like studying dance.

      • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: I feel like studying dance

      • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: When I watch Martha Graham’s performances

        S V

    • EX: In Gone with the Wind, when Scarlett is faced with near-

      S VS V

      starvation, she vows that she never will be hungry again.

      • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: In Gone with the Wind, she vows

      • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: when Scarlett is faced with near-starvation

      • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: that she never will be hungry again


Complex Sentences Cont.

  • Independent clauses can be interrupted by subordinate clauses.

    S S V V

    • EX:All of the stars that we can see without a telescope are part of the Milky Way galaxy.

      • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: All of the stars are part of the Milky Way Galaxy

      • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: that we can see without a telescope

    • Notice in the examples above that a subordinate clause can appear at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a complex sentence.


Identifying Independent Clauses and Subordinate Clauses in Complex Sentences

  • China, which has a population of more than one billion people, is a largely agricultural country.

  • Although it was nearly worthless, my brother bought one of those old coins for his collection.

  • The detective show appeared on television for several weeks before it became popular with viewers.

  • A group of popular singers, who donated their time, recorded a song that made people aware of a famine in Ethiopia.

  • While the stage crew was constructing the sets, the performers continued their rehearsal, which went on into the night.


Identifying Independent Clauses and Subordinate Clauses in Complex Sentences

  • China, which has a population of more than one billion people, is a largely agricultural country.

  • Although it was nearly worthless, my brother bought one of those old coins for his collection.

  • The detective show appeared on television for several weeks before it became popular with viewers.

  • A group of popular singers, who donated their time, recorded a song that made people aware of a famine in Ethiopia.

  • While the stage crew was constructing the sets, the performers continued their rehearsal, which went on into the night.


Compound-Complex Sentences

  • A compound-complex sentencecontains two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause.

    S V

    • EX: Mary began painting only two years ago, but already

      S V

      she has been asked to show one of her paintings at the

      SV

      exhibitthat is scheduled for May.

      • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: Mary began painting only two years ago

      • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: already she has been asked to show one of her paintings at the exhibit

      • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: that is scheduled for May


Compound-Complex Cont.

S V S V SV

  • EX: When Bill left, he locked the door, buthe forgot to turn off the lights.

    • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: he locked the door

    • INDEPNDENT CLAUSE: he forgot to turn off the lights

    • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: When Bill left


Compound-Complex Cont.

S V SV

  • EX: Emilia has several hobbies that she enjoys, but

    S SV V

    the one on which she spends the most time is woodcarving.

    • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: Emilia has several hobbies

    • INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: the one is woodcarving

    • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: that she enjoys

    • SUBORDINATE CLAUSE: on which she spends the most time


Identify Clauses in Compound-Complex Sentences

  • When they returned from their vacation, they collected their mail at the post office, and they went to the supermarket

  • We told them that their plan wouldn’t work, but they wouldn’t listen to us.

  • The smoke, which steadily grew thicker and darker, billowed through the dry forest; the animals ran ahead of the fire as it spread quickly.

  • Our new neighbors, who moved in last month, have painted their house, and the children have put up a basketball hoop.


Identify Clauses in Compound-Complex Sentences

  • When they returned from their vacation, they collected their mail at the post office, and they went to the supermarket.

  • We told themthat their plan wouldn’t work, but they wouldn’t listen to us.

  • The smoke, which steadily grew thicker and darker, billowed through the dry forest;the animals ran ahead of the fireas it spread quickly.

  • Our new neighbors, who moved in last month, have painted their house, and the children have put up a basketball hoop.


Independent Practice

  • Complete Review A, (#1-10) Identifying the Four Kinds of Sentence Structure, on page 469 of the Holt Literature book.

  • Complete Chapter 16 Review A, (#1-30) Identifying Sentence Structures, on page 471.

  • Use your notes for reference!


  • Login