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APIP Standard: Key Concepts and Terms. APIP Goals. Develop and exchange test items, the delivery of which can be tailored to access and measure the intended construct for each student. Be policy neutral yet provide methods that can be applied to meet a wide variety of needs.

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Presentation Transcript
apip goals
APIP Goals
  • Develop and exchange test items, the delivery of which can be tailored to access and measure the intended construct for each student.
  • Be policy neutral yet provide methods that can be applied to meet a wide variety of needs.
access two perspectives
Access - Two Perspectives
  • Examinee Access to the Test
  • Test Accessing the Construct
how an item functions
How an Item Functions

Quantitative

Score

Present

Information

Measure of Construct

Interact

with

Content

Produce

Response

Apply Construct

Stimulate Construct

Visible Product of Construct

Inference

Statement

About Construct

barriers to access
Barriers to Access

Quantitative

Score

Present

Information

Measure of Construct

Interact

with

Content

Produce

Response

Apply Construct

Stimulate Construct

Visible Product of Construct

Inference

Statement

About Construct

Inaccurate receipt or interpretation of stimulus

Challenges Interacting with Content

Inaccurate production or recording of response

apip basic idea 3 system components
APIP: Basic Idea & 3 System Components

1

2

Roster Tools

Authoring Tools

Content with Access Tags

User Profile

3

TestingInterface

access needs profile
Access Needs Profile
  • Structure for defining access needs for individual student

— See APIP Table —

accessing information visually
Accessing Information Visually

Magnification

Reverse Contrast

Alternate Fore and Background Colors

Color Tinting

White Space (v2)

assistance maintaining focus
Assistance Maintaining Focus

Auditory calming

Masking

Guided reader

Breaks

Additional time

Encouraging prompts (v2)

assistance processing information
Assistance Processing Information

Key Word Highlight

Flagging

Audio Directions

Scaffolding (v2)

Chunking (v2)

Reduced Answer Options (v2)

Alternate Representations (v2)

tailored representations
Tailored Representations

Key Word Translation

Translated item

Signed (ASL or Signed English)

Tactile

Braille

Audio (text, graphic, text & graphic, or non-visual)

apip item file word document
APIP Item File::Word Document
  • See Simple Word Document Example and Associated XML
apip item file word document17
APIP Item File::Word Document
  • See Sample APIP Item xml file
example

Default Item

Default Item Information

Default Content

Information

Companion Material Information

Accessibility Information

Inclusion Order

Example

Grade Level, Content Area, Standard, Difficulty, etc.

Calculator, Formula Sheet, Ruler, Periodic Table, etc.

Audio Format, Braille, Sign, Key Word Highlight, etc.

accessibility information types
Accessibility Information Types
  • Audio
  • Braille
  • Tactile
  • ASL
  • Signed English
  • Key Word Highlight
  • Key Word Translation
accessibility information types20
Accessibility Information Types
  • Flag
  • Mask
  • Scaffold (v2)
  • Alternate Representation (v2)
  • Reduced Answer Option (v2)
  • Chunk (v2)
inclusion order
Inclusion Order
  • Specifies which accessibility information is presented to specific users and in what order
  • Unique to APIP
  • Essential for tailored delivery of item content
inclusion order22
Inclusion Order
  • Key element for tailored content delivery
  • Orders available for:
    • Audio Text
    • Audio Graphic Only
    • Audio Text & Graphic
    • Audio Non-Visual
    • Braille
    • ASL
    • Signed English
making apip item tagging feasible
Making APIP Item Tagging Feasible
  • Team approach to item development
    • Content Experts
    • Accessibility Experts
    • Integrated Item Writing
  • Well designed Item Development Tools
    • Analogous to Word
close exploration of code
Close Exploration of Code
  • See Sample Item and Code
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