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Aswan Dam. By: David Mitchell, Jordan Jacobs, Grant McNeill, & Connor Peak. It is located North of the Egyptian-Sudanese border. Completed in 1970 after 10 years of work by Soviet engineers. Known as Saaed el Aali in Arabic . Purpose of the Aswan Dam.

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Aswan dam

Aswan Dam

By: David Mitchell, Jordan Jacobs, Grant McNeill, & Connor Peak

Purpose of the aswan dam
Purpose of the Aswan Dam

There were some years when the river did not rise at all, causing widespread drought and famine.

In 1952, Egyptian president Gamal Abdal-Nasser pledged to control his country's annual flood with a giant new dam across the Nile River. His plan worked.

Pros of the aswan dam

The Aswan High Dam captures floodwater during rainy seasons and releases the water during times of drought.

The dam also generates enormous amounts of electric power -- more than 10 billion kilowatt-hours every year.

Pros of the Aswan Dam

Cons of the aswan dam

  • In order to build the dam, 90,000 Egyptian people had to move.

  • To make matters worse, the rich silt that normally fertilized the dry desert land during annual floods was stuck at the bottom of Lake Nasser.

  • Farmers have been forced to use about one million tons of artificial fertilizer as a substitute for natural nutrients that once fertilized the arid floodplain.

Cons of the Aswan dam

Possible solutions
Possible Solutions move.

  • A possible solution to some of the negative impacts of the Aswan Dam is that you could build a special spillway that would allow silt to be washed downstream to fertilize soil.

  • Or you could build a draining system that would allow silt at the bottom of the dam to be used.