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GROUP DYNAMICS. Sus Lundgren. Why this lecture?. Generations(!) of MDI/ID-students have requested it Even if most of you’ve already worked in groups at the uni… …most of you were in very homogenous groups . The life of a group: six stages. 1) Initial stage

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Group dynamics


Sus Lundgren

Why this lecture
Why this lecture?

  • Generations(!) of MDI/ID-students have requested it

  • Even if most of you’ve already worked in groups at the uni…

    …most of you were in very homogenous groups

The life of a group six stages
The life of a group: six stages

  • 1) Initial stage

    • Insecurity, curiosity, showing off

  • 2) The honeymoon

    • Intense communication and bonding

  • 3) The ”we”-stage

    • Roles and means of communication are being established

    • In groups with more than seven members, sub groups emerge

    • Diversity is seen as a strength

The life of a group six stages1
The life of a group: six stages

  • 4) Conflict stage

    • Irritation, less praise, aggression, envy

    • Diversities are annoying

    • Group pressure builds up

  • 5) Plateau stage

    • Fatigue, resignation

  • 6) The effective stage

    • Unity, everyone working well towards the same target

    • Tranquility, pleasure in one’s work, satisfaction

    • Remains until conditions change…

One aspect of roles
One aspect of roles…

  • Members of a group have task-related roles

    • System architecturer

    • Programmer

    • Database programmer

    • Designers

      • Interaction designers

      • Graphic designers

    • Project leader

    • Technical Project Leader

    • Technical writer

Another aspect of roles
Another aspect of roles

  • Members of a group also have roles related to “behaviour”/personality

  • There are various theories on how to describe personalities…

    • Cattell Personality Inventory (16 PF), pairs of attributes (intovert-extrovert, submissive-detemined, exact-creative etc.)

    • Belbin

  • … and numerous tests

Belbin s team roles
Belbin’s team roles

  • Meredith Belbin and his colleagues have spent years studying team work in an experimental environment

  • They have defined eight team roles

    • Coordinator (calm, confident, controlled)

    • Plant (creative, unorthodox, non-practical)

    • Implementer (conservative, dutiful)

    • Shaper (extrovert, dynamic, pushing, provoking)

    • Monitor/Evaluator (analytic, strategic, dry)

    • Team worker (sensitive, mild, indecisive, caring)

    • Resource Investigator (curious, communicative)

    • Completer-Finisher (thorough, perfectionist, anxiuos )

Team roles teams
Team roles &teams

  • Each of us have a primary and a secondary role, etc.

  • Well-working teams consist of people with many different roles

    • One- or two-role teams are hardly ever functional

  • A person sometimes acts as his or her secondary team role, if it is missing in the group

    • If the team is smaller than eight, some members may act out both their primary and secondary roles

  • The ideal team size seems to be 4-6 people

Easy reading
Easy reading

  • Meredith Belbin: Management Teams - så skapas framgångsrika team

    • Management Teams: Why they succeed or fail

  • Meredith Belbin: Teamroller i praktiken

    • Team Roles at Work

  • Ann & Marianne Fredriksson: De elva sammansvurna

About you
About you…

  • 56 students

    • Graphical designers 19

    • Writers 20

    • Programmers 14

  • Lots of knowledge in the most diverse areas!

  • Stuff you have to deal with

    • Level of ambition

    • Ways of working

    • Keeping your known roles (programmer etc) or switching and learning from another