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IOC, GOOS and JCOMM. Albert Fischer Acting Director, GOOS Project Office IOC/UNESCO GODAE OceanView Steering Team, Paris, 15 November 2011. Outline. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Global Ocean Observing System GOOS, reform based on Framework for Ocean Observing

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Ioc goos and jcomm


Albert Fischer

Acting Director, GOOS Project Office


GODAE OceanView Steering Team, Paris, 15 November 2011



  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

  • Global Ocean Observing System GOOS, reform based on Framework for Ocean Observing

  • Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology JCOMM

  • GODAE OceanView, GOOS, and JCOMM

image: NASA

Intergovernmental oceanographic commission

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

  • Promote international cooperation and coordinate programmes

  • Apply knowledge for improvement

Capacity development

Ioc regional bodies

IOC Regional Bodies

Ioc within un

IOC within UN

  • Focal point for ocean observations, science, services and data exchange

  • Competent international organization for marine science (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea; UNCLOS)

Ioc objectives and actions

IOC objectives and actions

  • Prevention and reduction of the impacts of natural hazards

  • Mitigation of the impacts of and adaptation to climate change and variability

  • Safeguarding the health of ocean ecosystems

  • Promoting management procedures and policies leading to the sustainability of coastal and ocean environment and resources

Global ocean observing system

Global Ocean Observing System

  • the system GOOS

    • voluntary collaborative system of observations

      • in situ and satellite

      • operational and sustained research observations

      • driven by requirements, linked to data management and product generation activities

      • global-scale and coastal

      • reconciles top-down and bottom-up approaches

  • the organizing structures of GOOS

    • provide a platform for collaboration

      • identify requirements, promote best practices and standards, assess readiness, synergies, technical coordination

    • promote global participation through capacity development

Global ocean observing system1

Global Ocean Observing System

Adequacy of satellite ocean ecvs defined by goos gcos coordinated by ceos cgms

Adequacy of satellite ocean ECVs defined by GOOS/GCOS, coordinated by CEOS, CGMS

Coastal goos through regional implementation

Coastal GOOS: through regional implementation


1st GOOS Regional Forum, Athens, Greece, 2002

2nd GRA Forum, Nadi, Fiji, 2004

3rd GRA Forum, Cape Town, S. Africa, 2006

4th GRA Forum, Guayaquil, Ecuador, 2008

5th GRA Forum, Sopot, Poland, October 2011

A framework for ocean observing

A Framework for Ocean Observing

  • IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO

  • GEO Group on Earth Observations

  • CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

  • POGO Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans

  • SCOR Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research

  • SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

  • GCOS Global Climate Observing System

  • GOOS Global Ocean Observing System

  • JCOMM Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology

  • PICES North Pacific Marine Science Organization

  • ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

  • CoML Census of Marine Life

  • IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

  • WCRP World Climate Research Programme

Ioc goos and jcomm

A Simple System




(Data &




Ioc goos and jcomm

Structure of the Framework



What to Measure

Essential Ocean Variables





Data Assembly


Data Products

Issues Impact





Ioc goos and jcomm

Framework: Societal Driver 2010

  • Weather & Climate


    • WCRP

    • WMO RRR

Ioc goos and jcomm

Framework: Societal Drivers Next Decade

  • Regional

  • Regional Seas


  • Ecosystem services/Biology

  • CBD

  • CSD

  • WSSD

  • Assessments

  • Global Marine (UN)

  • TWAP (GEF)

  • Regional

  • Weather & Climate


  • WCRP


  • Climate services

  • Fisheries

  • FAO

  • RFMOs

  • Real-time services

  • Emergency support

  • Ocean forecasting


Expanded EOVs

Expanded observing systems and networks

Data Products

Proposed foo governance structure

Proposed FOO Governance Structure

Steering Committee

(Peak Bodies, Sponsors, Observing Panel Chairs, Observing System leaders)

Observing System Panels

(focused on EOVs e.g. Physics, Biology, Biogeochemistry)

Coordination for observing system elements

Technical Advisory Groups

(Observing technologies, Data and data products etc)

Reform of goos governance

Reform of GOOS governance

  • 26th Session of the IOC Assembly (22 June - 5 July 2011, Paris) ‘streamlined and strengthened’ GOOS governance

    • GOOS as a holistic system

    • aligned with a Framework for Ocean Observing

    • GOOS to set requirements based on the needs

    • reinforce global participation through capacity development

  • new (interim) GOOS Steering Committee

    • 5 Member State appointed expert members, up to 10 other expert members, representatives of relevant implementing and coordinating bodies, sponsors

Jcommops observing network technical coordination

JCOMMOPS: observing network technical coordination

Services and forecast system programme area priorities

Services and Forecast System Programme Area priorities

  • Contribution to Global Framework for Climate Services GFCS

  • Arctic (Polar) services

    • sea ice modeling, focus on weather/data assimilation

  • Coastal Hazards

    • waves, surges, ecosystem models

  • Dispersion models

    • response to radioactive hazard materials discharge

  • Seasonal model/ocean components

    • ocean observations, data assimilation, models

    • ET-OOFS-GOVST-WGNE workshop: Feb 2013

Jcomm iv may 2012 yeosu korea

JCOMM-IV: May 2012, Yeosu, Korea

Goos jcomm and godae oceanview


  • GOOS to animate Framework for Ocean Observing processes

    • GODAE OceanView is developing key products and information in the output side of this Framework

    • Can help in evaluation of fitness-for-purpose of observations

    • Should feed back into requirements


    • ET-OOFS

    • data and observing systems

Unesco and the ioc at risk

UNESCO and the IOC at risk

  • The UNESCO General Conference admits Palestine as a Member State: 31 October

  • United States Department of State announces stop of all assessed and voluntary contributions to UNESCO

images: UNESCO and AP

Impact on budget

Impact on budget

Assessed ‘regular

programme’ $4.7m:

US 22%

Vountary contribution

‘extrabudgetary’ $7.3m:

US 15%

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