Introduction to Gender. Gender a Social Construct. All academic disciplines as they now exist, whether sociology, psychology, astronomy, physics, theology or chemistry, have been developed largely by men.
Transsexuals are individuals who have the genotype of one sex but are convinced they are in the wrong body, in other words, they are really the opposite sex. Transsexuals do not see themselves as homosexual. They feel trapped by their exterior. Sex change surgery to effect reassignment is sought out by many to this crisis. Transsexual operations tend to flow more male to female than female to male….(Perhaps this might suggest something about our culture) It has been argued that the dramatic choice of sexual reassignment is the product of societal intolerance. In societies where notions of masculine and feminine are more flexibly defined, such procedures might seem unnecessary. For example, Australia with its rigid gender role exceptions has a much higher incidence of sex reassignment surgery than Sweden.
1. Liberal Feminism -seeks to make incremental changes to legislation and piecemeal changes in attitudes. Aim is working towards gender equality.An example is Margrit Eichler and her concept “monolithic bias,” she uses this to influence piecemeal changes to family law
Race, Class and Gender must be examined together.
The experiences of white, middle class women are not universal and monolithic.Carol Stack (1974) research into impoverished Black Families in Southern U.S.
4. Feminist theorists and researcher put their beliefs into action.
5. Barbra Allen was one of the first who put into practice a feminist pedagogy.