Chapter 22 vocab
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Chapter 22 Vocab . Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh/ Vietminh. Leader of the Vietnamese independence movement who also embraced communism. Founded the Vietminh…the League for the Independence of Vietnam. Domino Theory.

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Ho chi minh vietminh
Ho Chi Minh/ Vietminh

  • Leader of the Vietnamese independence movement who also embraced communism.

  • Founded the Vietminh…the League for the Independence of Vietnam.


Domino theory
Domino Theory

  • The belief that if one country (Vietnam) fell to communism, the rest of the region (southeast asia) would soon follow.


Dien bien phu
Dien Bien Phu

  • French military base in northwest Vietnam where French forces surrendered to Vietminh forces in 1954.


Geneva accords
Geneva Accords

  • France granted independence to Indo-China (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia), and Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallell into two countries.


Ngo dinh diem
Ngo Dinh Diem

  • Anti-communist leader of South Vietnam.

  • Unpopular with the Vietnamese people, but supported by the US government.


Vietcong
Vietcong

  • Guerilla fighters committed to undermining Diem’s government in the South and uniting Vietnam as a single, communist state.


Gulf of tonkin resolution
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

  • Authorized the US president to “take all necessary measures to repel anyi armed attack against the forces of the US and to prevent further aggression.”

  • Congress essentially handed their war powers over to the president.


William westmoreland
William Westmoreland

  • The American commander in South Vietnam


Ho chi minh trail
Ho Chi Minh Trail

  • Network of jungle paths that North Vietnam used to supply the Vietcong.


Students for a democratic society sds
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)

  • Student activist group originally committed to fight against racism and poverty, which also campaigns against the war in Vietnam.


Credibility gap
Credibility Gap

  • Gap between what the Johnson administration said and what journalists reported.

  • Made it hard for the American public to believe what the government told them.


Tet offensive
Tet Offensive

  • Coordinated assault by the North Vietnamese army on many important targets in South Vietnam (including the US embassy in Saigon)

  • Turned American public opinion against the war.

  • Named after the lunar New Year.


Vietnamization
Vietnamization

  • (Nixon) gradual withdrawal of American troops, as South Vietnam slowly assumed more of the fighting.


My lai
My Lai

  • Village in S. Vietnam where in 1968 US forces opened fire on unarmed civilians killing between 400-500 Vietnamese.


Pentagon papers
Pentagon Papers

  • Government papers leaked to the New York Times, that revealed that the US governemnt had not been honest about the conflict.


Paris peace accords
Paris Peace Accords

  • 1973 Peace Agreement between the US, S. Vietnam, N. Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectivly ended the Vietnam War.


War powers act
War Powers Act

  • Passed by Congress in 1973, this act required the President to inform Congress of any commitment of troops abroad within 48 hours and to withdraw them in 60-90 days unless Congress approves the troop commitment.

  • This was a way to reestablish some limits on executive power.


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