Chapter 2 vocab
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Chapter 2 Vocab. Colombian Exchange- People, plants, animals and diseases back and forth across the Atlantic Ocean. Slavery- treating people as property. Conquistadors- Spanish soldier explorers who conquered the native people for Spain.

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Chapter 2 Vocab

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Chapter 2 Vocab

Colombian Exchange- People, plants, animals and diseases back and forth across the Atlantic Ocean.

Slavery- treating people as property.

Conquistadors- Spanish soldier explorers who conquered the native people for Spain.

Colony- a new settlement or territory established in another land.

Missionaries- people who travel to a territory or community to convert other people.

Coureurs de bois- French fur trappers.


2.2 – Spain Starts an Empire

2. Christopher Columbus

Discovered San Salvador in 1492.

First European explorer to discover “new world”

Sailed with three ships

Nina

Pinta

Santa Maria


3. Columbian Exchange


4. Hernan Cortes-

1519

Conquers Mexico with horses and 500 soldiers

Built Mexico city, capital of New Spain

5. Francisco Pizarro-

1532, Conquers Peru

SMALL POX came before he did, killed thousands of natives


2.3- The Spanish Borderlands

1. Ponce de Leon

1513, discovered Florida on Easter Sunday

La Florida means: flowery Easter

2. Coronado

1540

Went looking for seven cities of gold

Claims much of the Southwest for Spain.


3. Spanish MissionSpanish Fort


4. The Spanish did the following to the Natives:

Converted to Christianity

Enslaved

Conquered them and their land


Spanish Exploration Quiz

Columbian Exchange- exchange of plants, animals and diseases.

Missionaries- Spanish Priests who came to the new world to convert the native people.

Conquistadors- Spanish soldiers/explorers who conquered land in the name of Spain.


Coronado- Went looking for seven cities of gold, claimed much of the Southwest.

Columbus- 1492, discovered San Salvador.

Cortes- Conquered the Aztec in Mexico.

Juan Ponce de Leon- Discovered a flowery peninsula, named it La Florida.

Pizarro- Conquered Peru in South America.


2.4- New France

  • Jacques Cartier

    • 1534, looking for Northwest Passage

    • Discovers land (Canada) for France

      2. Samuel de Champlain

      1608, sailed up the St. Lawrence river

      Built a trading post called Quebec

      Made friends with local Indians


  • 3. Robert de La Salle

    • 1682, explored the Mississippi River

    • Plants flag at mouth of Miss. River, claims all land west for France


3. Quebec City, 1608


  • 4. The French became business partners with the Native Americans.

  • Gave the Huron supplies and guns.


2.5 New England

  • 1. John Cabot

    • 1497, thought he landed in Asia...fail

    • Claims North America for England

  • 2. London Company

    • 1607, sent 105 settlers and 39 sailors in three tiny ships

    • Looking for gold

    • Started Jamestown


3. Jamestown Colony


4. It’s complicated...

  • At first the Native and settlers did not like each other.

  • Pocahontas helps the people of Jamestown become friends with the Natives.

  • Marriage between John Rolfe and Pocahontas ends fued.


2.6 New Netherlands

1. Henry Hudson

  • 1609, looking for Northwest Passage

  • Discovers deep river, claims the land around it for the Netherlands (Hudson River)

    2. Peter Stuyvesant

  • 1647, became governor of New Amsterdam (NY City today)

  • Governor for 16 years, helped grow the city.


  • 3. New Amsterdam


    4. Dutch became friends and buisness partners with Natives.

    Gave the Iroquois supplies and guns.


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