The great basin of western usa
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THE GREAT BASIN OF WESTERN USA. THE GREAT BASIN lies between Wasatch Mountains ( Utah ) Sierra Nevada. What is the f lora and fauna of this desert area like?. home of small lizards as well as mountin lions, coyotes. Western fence lizard. Pronghorn.

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THE GREAT BASIN OF WESTERN USA

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The great basin of western usa

THE GREAT BASIN OF WESTERN USA


The great basin lies between wasatch mountains utah sierra nevada

THE GREAT BASIN lies between Wasatch Mountains (Utah)Sierra Nevada


What is the f lora and fauna of this desert area like

What is the flora and fauna of this desert area like?

  • home of small lizards as well as mountin lions, coyotes

Western fence lizard

Pronghorn


History exploration and settlement

History: Exploration and settlement

  • Archeological evidences of Human habitation

  • When was the area settled?

    • 12, 000 years ago

  • Who lived there at the time of European arrival?

    • Uto-Aztecen-speaking tribes, The Great Basin Tribes: the Shoshone, Ute, and Paiute


Exploration and settlement

Exploration and settlement

  • Who came 1st ?

    • 18th c.: Spanish

  • 19th c.:Hudson's Bay Company

  • Who made the 1st accurate map of the region?

    • John C. Frémont, 1840s

  • Why is 1846 important?

    • Oregon Treaty: USA gained full controll over the territory


Exploration and settlement1

Exploration and settlement

  • Who created the first white settlement?

    • Mormons, 1848 Salt Lake City, Cache Valley

  • 1848?

    • Discovery of gold in California

  • 1986?

    • Foundation of The Great Basin National Park


Present habitation

Concentrates in the two largest cities: Salt Lake City, Utah; Reno, Nevada

Union Pacific Railroad connects the southern and western parts

Present Habitation


Tribes of the great basin the desert culture

Tribes of the Great Basin-"The Desert Culture"

  • Who lived there?

    • Bannock, Goshute, Paiute, Ute Tribe, Washoe, Chemehuevi, Shoshone

  • How did they live?

    • Hunters, gatherers

    • Common territories , (need for mobility)

Shoshoni tipi, ~1890

the last major chief of the Comanche Indians


Tribes of the great basin the desert culture1

Tribes of the Great Basin-"The Desert Culture"

  • All but the Washoe spoke Numic language

  • What did they used for storage?

    • Pottery was rare, baskets for water, seeds, pine nuts

Baskets from Dat So La Lee, Washoe artist


Lifestyle of the aztecs and the great basin tribes

Aztecs

City builders (capital: Tenochtitlan)

Agriculture: farming (maze, cocoa)

Education in schools near their temples

Religion: human sacrefices

Died out (Hernan Cortes 1521)

Great Basin Tribes

Mobile: tepees

Hunters, gatherers

Education in white Mormon schools

Religion: as a respons to poverty, and resistance (Ghost Dance)

Survived (President Roosevelt: Indian New Deal, 1940s)

Lifestyle of the Aztecs and the Great Basin Tribes


The great basin of western usa

Which lifestyle is more successful?

The Aztec Eagle Knight vs Spanish soldier

Sarah Winnemucca - Paiute writer and lecturer


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