Rebirth and revolution nation building in east asia and the pacific rim
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Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim. Chapter 34 By: Jade Carroll, Cielo Delarosa, Nikki Duaban, Jordan Gamble, Daniel Klinger, and Nicole Perman . Japan. Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki Devastated by the war It was occupied by the United States.

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Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim

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Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim

Chapter 34

By: Jade Carroll, Cielo Delarosa, Nikki Duaban, Jordan Gamble, Daniel Klinger, and Nicole Perman


Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki

  • Devastated by the war

  • It was occupied by the United States.

  • General Douglass MacArthur was the head of general occupation.

  • Americans introduced reforms to Japan.

  • Broke up the large estates that were beneficial to small farmers.

  • Severely weakened police and military forces.

  • Formed democratic processes over time.

  • In the new Constitution, Parliament was placed over the Emperor.

  • Liberal Democratic partymonopolized Japan’s Government.

  • Selective Westernization


  • The Soviets sponsored the Peoples Democratic Republic of Korea in the North

  • The North became Communist

  • North led by: Kim Il-Sung


  • The South became Democratic with the Central Government still in authority.

  • South led by: Syngman Rhee

  • The Americans sponsored the Republic of Korea the South

Korean War

  • Allies agreed for Korea to become independent.

  • The Soviet and U.S. joint occupation evolved into two separate countries

  • The North attacked the South, US defended the South, and the Korean War Began

  • Led by MacArthur

  • Members of the UN came and took action against North Korea

Korean War(continued)

  • Chinese Volunteers fought the Americans

  • Americans pushed back the North Koreans

  • The Korean front stopped at the original Korean border

  • Armistice was signed to restore the border between the two nations, ending right where they started: 38th parallel

  • Cease fire signed, Korean war officially ended


  • Chinese wanted to conquer Taiwan but couldn’t due to their lack of a navy

  • High tensions between the two

  • Chinese bombarded two nationalist islands

  • US and Chinese reached an agreement

  • US convinced Nationalists not to attack China

  • Taiwan became a prosperous nation

Hong Kong& Singapore

  • Hong Kong remained a British colony after WWII

  • Hong Kong’s Chinese population greatly increased because of emigrants

  • Hong Kong given to China in 1997

  • Singapore was owned by the British after WWII

  • Singapore became an independent nation in 1965

  • Singapore was a large British naval base until 1971

The Pacific Rim: More Japans?

  • New Economic Dynamics

    • South Korea

  • Military Ranks

    • Political Positions

    • Protest

Syngman Rhee

Development from top down

  • Emphasis on Economic Growth

    • Matching Japan

    • Steel

  • Hyundai

    • Chung Ju Yung

    • Ships, Schools, Houses, a Technical College, and Martial Arts Arena

  • General Changes

    • Population Soared

    • Emigrations

    • Pollution

    • Mild Poverty

Advances in Taiwan and the City-States

  • Economic Development

    • Agriculture & Industry

    • Communist Involvement

    • Economic Planning

    • Education

  • Changes

    • Medical Practices

    • Religion

  • Concerns

    • U.S. Recognizes the People’s Republic of China

      • Decreased Commitment

    • Unofficial Contacts

      • American Institute in Taiwan

      • Coordination Council for North American Affairs

      • Asian Governments

  • Politics

    • Beijing

    • Chiang Ching-kuo

      • Reduced Social Gap

      • No Political Diversity


Mao’s China: Vanguard of World Revolution?

Chiang Kai-shek vs. the Communist – 1930s

  • Chiang focused on communist – Japanese invade

    • Allied w/ communist

  • Communist take advantage of invasion

    • Took coastal areas

    • Japanese destroy Nationalist forces

    • Communist guerilla warfare

  • Civil War- Communist won

    • Shift in allegiance

    • Chiang retreats to Formosa (Taiwan)

    • Mao proclaims People’s Republic of China

Chiang Kai-shek vs. the Communist – 1930s (cont.)

  • Why Mao successful?

    • Land, education, health care reforms

    • Mao’s army won support over peasantry; Chiang’s army is abusive

    • Guerilla warfare = better chance for success

    • Peasants convinced programs would better their lives

The Communist Come to Power

  • Communist wanted power

    • Created party cadres and People’s Liberation Army

  • Military officials

  • Superiority in east Asia

  • Secessionist movements in Mongolia and Tibet

  • North vs. South Korea

    • U.S.

  • Threatened to invade Nationalist’s Taiwan

  • Liberation struggle of Vietnamese

  • Soviet Union and China broke down -1950

  • China defeated India - 1960

Economic Growth and Social Justice

  • Rural areas taken under communist rule

  • Communist controlled Japanese and Guomindang

  • Landlords disposed

    • 3 million people executed

    • Redistributed lands to peasants

  • Industrialization

    • Focus on urbanization

    • Turned away from peasants

  • Centralization

    • Increase in bureaucratic power

      • Change in strategy -1950

  • Mass line

Women’s Rights

  • Mao Zedong and wife, Jiang Qing

    • Revolutionary Strategy

  • Nationalist resistance

    • Madam Chiang Kai-shek

  • May 4th Intellectuals

    • End footbinding

    • campaigns

  • Women win equality

    • Education/career opportunities

    • Marriage

    • Some keep traditional attitude

Mao’s Last Campaign – Fall of the Gang of Four

  • Mao tries to regain power

  • After Mao’s death – pragmatists take over

  • Achievements of communist regime

  • Challenge – continue growth/living conditions

Colonialism and Revolution in Vietnam

French Control of Vietnam

  • Interested since 17th century – failed to take Japan

    • Missionaries attract civil wars

    • French protection

  • 18th century – French supported Nguyen Anh

    • Northern Trinh and Southern Nguyen toppled

    • New Nguyen Anh unites Vietnam

    • Confucian city in Beijing

  • Eventually take Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia

    • Infighting

    • Take advantage of trade

Vietnamese Nationalism: Bourgeois Dead Ends and Communist Survival

  • Nguyen family loses credibility

    • Unable to push out French

    • Confucianism pushed out

  • New Middle class

    • French educated

  • French stopped attempts at peaceful resistance

    • Vietnamese Nationalist Party

    • Communist party of Vietnam

War of Liberation Against the French

  • Viet Minh in the north

    • End of Japanese rule

    • Peasant class appeal

  • Vo Nguyen Giap

    • Guerilla tactics

    • Offset French and Japanese

  • Advance into Red River Delta

    • Control Hanoi

  • No control of South

    • France

  • Viet Minh gains countryside; French keep towns

    • 1954: Capture Dien Bien Phu

  • 1954 Geneva Conference

The War of Liberation Against the U.S.

  • Geneva

  • Cooperation between Viet Minh and U.S.

  • Fame of Ho Chi Minh

  • Ngo Dinh Diem

  • Viet Cong threatened

  • U.S. support for Diem’s military

  • 1970 – U.S. negotiation with Vietnam

  • Communist unite Vietnam under single government

After Victory

  • Fail to revolutionize

    • Isolation

    • Chinese border clashes

  • Similarities and Differences to China

    • Weak and impoverished

  • Collapse of Communist regimes

  • Vietnam struggles

    • Sweatshops

    • Social inequality

    • Public service/free education decline

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