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Autism Developmental disability that significantly affects a ... - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Autism. Developmental disability that significantly affects a student’s verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and education performance. Pervasive Developmental Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder. Characteristics. Language development

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Presentation Transcript
autism
Autism
  • Developmental disability that significantly affects a student’s verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and education performance.
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
characteristics
Characteristics
  • Language development
    • Wide range of abilities (no verbal communication to complex communication
    • Typically have a number of language impairments
      • Delays-limited topics, limited interactions on a topic, limited gestures, reverses pronouns, lack of eye contact
      • Echolalia-repeating what others say
social development
Social Development
  • Impaired use of nonverbal behavior
  • Lack of peer relationships
  • Failure to spontaneously share enjoyment, interests, and achievements with others
  • Lack of reciprocity
repetitive behavior
Repetitive Behavior
  • Obsessions
    • Persistent thoughts, impulses, images of repetitive nature
    • Tics
      • Involuntary, rapid movements that occur without warning
    • Perseveration
      • Verbalizations or behaviors that are repeated to an inappropriate extent
problem behavior
Problem Behavior
  • Self Injurious Behavior
    • Head banging, biting, scratching
  • Aggression
    • Behavior directed toward others
  • Problem behaviors can serve a communicative function
need for environmental predictability
Need for Environmental Predictability
  • Predictability and structure
  • Changes can cause high degree of anxiety
  • Things in their place
  • Classroom supports (schedules,routines)
  • Planning for transitions/changes
sensory and movement disorders
Sensory and Movement Disorders
  • Sensory
    • 42-88% of persons with Autism/Asperger Syndrome
    • Under or over responsiveness to sensory stimuli
  • Movement
    • Abnormal posture
    • Abnormal movements of face, head, trunk, limbs, repeated gestures & mannerisms
intellectual functioning
Intellectual Functioning
  • Autism occurs in children with all levels of intelligence (gifted to mental retardation)
  • 72% have some type of limited cognitive functioning
  • Savant syndrome
ad