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Autism. Developmental disability that significantly affects a student’s verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and education performance. Pervasive Developmental Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder. Characteristics. Language development

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Presentation Transcript
Autism l.jpg
Autism

  • Developmental disability that significantly affects a student’s verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and education performance.

  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder


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Characteristics

  • Language development

    • Wide range of abilities (no verbal communication to complex communication

    • Typically have a number of language impairments

      • Delays-limited topics, limited interactions on a topic, limited gestures, reverses pronouns, lack of eye contact

      • Echolalia-repeating what others say


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Social Development

  • Impaired use of nonverbal behavior

  • Lack of peer relationships

  • Failure to spontaneously share enjoyment, interests, and achievements with others

  • Lack of reciprocity


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Repetitive Behavior

  • Obsessions

    • Persistent thoughts, impulses, images of repetitive nature

    • Tics

      • Involuntary, rapid movements that occur without warning

    • Perseveration

      • Verbalizations or behaviors that are repeated to an inappropriate extent


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Problem Behavior

  • Self Injurious Behavior

    • Head banging, biting, scratching

  • Aggression

    • Behavior directed toward others

  • Problem behaviors can serve a communicative function


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Need for Environmental Predictability

  • Predictability and structure

  • Changes can cause high degree of anxiety

  • Things in their place

  • Classroom supports (schedules,routines)

  • Planning for transitions/changes


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Sensory and Movement Disorders

  • Sensory

    • 42-88% of persons with Autism/Asperger Syndrome

    • Under or over responsiveness to sensory stimuli

  • Movement

    • Abnormal posture

    • Abnormal movements of face, head, trunk, limbs, repeated gestures & mannerisms


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Intellectual Functioning

  • Autism occurs in children with all levels of intelligence (gifted to mental retardation)

  • 72% have some type of limited cognitive functioning

  • Savant syndrome


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