Ergonomics ii
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ERGONOMICS II. Funded by the Netherlands embassy , Ankara, Turkey. 1. 2. 3. Back disorders. Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome. Ergonomic Solutions. Content. Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome. *Caused by operating vibrating machinery *Especially in cold, damp weather.

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Ergonomics ii


Funded by the Netherlands embassy , Ankara, Turkey





Back disorders

Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome

Ergonomic Solutions


Hand arm vibration syndrome

Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome

*Caused by operating vibrating machinery

*Especially in cold, damp weather

Reynaud’s Phenomenon - “White Finger”

Back disorders

Back Disorders

Ergonomics ii

Back Injuries are the Nation’s


Workplace Safety Problem

Prevent back injuries

Prevent Back Injuries

  • Avoid lifting and bending whenever you can

  • Place objects up off the floor

  • Raise/lower shelves.

  • Use carts and dollies

Prevent back injuries1

Prevent Back Injuries

  • Use cranes, hoists, lift tables, and other lift-assist devices wheneveryou can

  • Test the weight of an object before lifting by picking up a corner

  • Get help if it’s too heavy for you to lift it alone

Things you can do

Things You Can Do

  • Minimize back problems by exercises that tone the muscles in back, hips and thighs

Employer should

Employer Should:

Begin an employee awareness education program

Analyze the workplace for hazards

Reduce any hazards they find

A few solutions


  • Reduce manual material handling

    • Pre-Plan material drops

    • Utilize material handling equipment

    • Keep materials in “neutral zone”

  • Equipment

    • Use the right tool for the job

    • Evaluate new tools for ergonomics

    • Keep sharp & in good repair

    • Use vibration dampening tools / gloves

  • Reduce Duration

    • Mini-breaks

    • Multi-task

    • Employee rotation/job share

Ergonomics ii

POSTURE is Solutions"

Ergonomics ii



Ergonomics ii

Solution: Orientation to Work Surface

Solution orientation to work surface

Solution: Orientation to Work Surface

Ergonomics ii

Heavy Lifting

Ergonomics ii

Photos used in this presentation were taken from The presentation of David Ellsworth

*Edmonds Community College- The course supported from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.

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