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TIME TO TRAVEL
ISSUE 01 / 3.05.2009 / NOT FOR SALE
Long Range Navigation (LRN) /
Flight Planning & Plotting
Initial Ground Training
TIME TO TRAVEL
9) International Routing
10) Fuel Planning
13) Course Offsets
14) Flight Plan Recording
16) Fuel Log
17) FIR/Oceanic Communications
1) General Introduction
2) Sample Route Scenario
4) Alternate Airports
5) Emergency Airports
6) Navigation Charts
7) ICAO Flight Plan
8) International Airspace Structures
• Class 1/Class 2
• RVSM/RNP Airspace
NAVTECH is divided into two main user interfaces as follows.
NAVTECH is divided into two main user interfaces as follows:
1. FOMS - Flight Operations Management System
Flight Plan En-route Section
EROPS: B747 Passenger Operations
1) An Equal Time Point (ETP) is an en route point where the time to continue ahead to destination or specified ETP alternate airport equals the time to return to departure or specified ETP alternate airport. Accordingly, the ETP is the most critical point en route.
Crash Fire Rescue Code for B747 Passenger Service Aircraft
139.315 Aircraft rescue and firefighting: Index determination.
(4) Index D includes aircraft at least 159 feet but less than
200 feet in length.
(5) Index E includes aircraft at least 200 feet in length.
(c) Except as provided in §139.319(c), if there are five or more average daily departures of air carrier aircraft in a single Index group serving that airport, the longest aircraft with an average of five or more daily departures determines the Index required for the airport. When there are fewer than five average daily departures of the longest air carrier aircraft serving the airport, the Index required for the airport will be the next lower Index group than the Index group prescribed for the longest aircraft.
139.317 Aircraft rescue and firefighting: Equipment and agents.
Unless otherwise authorized by the Administrator, the following rescue and firefighting equipment and agents are the minimum required for the Indexes referred to in §139.315:
(d) Index D. Three vehicles—
(e) Index E. Three vehicles—
14 CFR 121.647(a), 121.647(b), 121.647(c), 121.647(d)
Computations for fuel required shall consider the following:
The dispatcher will provide the fuel vendor and station operations representative the fuel release authorizing the fueling of the aircraft and amount.
EXTRA: (Shown as “Additional”) ADDED FOR LONGER THAN NORMAL TAXI TIMES ARE ANTICIPATED
HOLD: ADDED FOR KNOWN OR ANTICIPATED TRAFFIC DELAYS AT DESTINATION
2nd Hold: Added as Contingency Fuel: ENROUTE FUEL PLANNING
Op Spec B044
Dispatch will utilize Re-dispatch flight plans whenever beneficial to increase maximum payload or reduce carriage of excess fuel. Flights in excess of 5.5 hours flight time have the potential to be released on Re-dispatch flight plans.
Approved based upon B050
Required Nav/Comm B050
Limitations & Provisions per Op Specs
Available Facilities & Services
Dispatch Center Requirements
Routes w/I Controlled Airspace
Flight Schedules for Supplemental Rules
Extended Over-water Operations
• Two independent, primary altimetry systems with pitot-static ice protection.
• One autopilot.
• One automatic altitude hold system.
• One altitude alert device.
• SSR Transponder (using the same altitude source as the selected autopilot and altitude alerter).
For all operations in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum airspace, 0.90 Mach is not to be exceeded and for Operations at gross weights less than 235,868 kilograms (520,000 pounds), 0.87 Mach is not to be exceeded between flight level 290 and 340.
Checking Notices to Airmen (NOTAMS),
Availability of Navigational Aids (NAVAID),
Airworthiness of aircraft systems, and
Minimum Equipment List (MEL)
Autopilot and Flight Director (as required by RNP value)
Other Dispatch RNP Assessments (for example, predictive RAIM)
Navigation Database Currency
• The word MASTER will be written in the upper right hand corner of the flight plan.
• Record the ATIS, ATC clearance, time out/off/on/in.
• The FO will begin flight plan tracking at the first waypoint after passing 10,000 ft:
• Add the OFF time plus the three (3) minute circuit time, plus the Z-TME to the first ETA to the first waypoint. Add the next Z-TME to the ETA to get next waypoint ETA.
• Record the waypoint ETA beneath the ETA/ATA column.
• After waypoint passage, record the ATA in the ETA/ATA column for that waypoint.
• Calculate the score. Show the fuel and time score as (+) if ahead and (-) if behind. Record the fuel score and the time score in the T/F DIF column.
• When cleared to a fix, the FO will record the revised ETA to the waypoint and draw a line starting at the closest waypoint prior to the new clearance to the point now cleared to.
• Broadcast call sign, flight level, heading, position (including the ATS route) and intentions on 121.5 MHZ at suitable intervals until an ATC clearance is received.
• Advise ATC when a deviation is no longer required, or when a deviation has been completed and the aircraft has returned to the centerline of its cleared route
AOM V1 17.6
When requesting an re-anaylsis during flight, the Captain will pass the following information to Dispatch:
• Flight Plan position from which the reanalysis originates
• ETA at that position
• Flight level at that position
• Estimated fuel at that position
• ATC reroute, if applicable
• New flight level, if applicable
• Aircraft configuration; normal or non-normal
Occasionally conditions or situations require an aircraft to land at an airport to which it was not originally released.
There are three primary reasons for a diversion
maintenance irregularities, or
an aircraft emergency.
A diversion will require an amended Flight Release. However, the Pilot in Command has latitude to deviate from a dispatch release without obtaining a new release if safety warrants.
Crews will advise Dispatch via message, phone patch, ACARS, or SATCOM when a diversion is contemplated or initiated. (FOM 8.23)
Dispatch will advise Operations Control as soon as possible when a diversion is contemplated or initiated (OCM 7.21)
Once Confirmation of a Diversion has been determined:
Contact the Diversion Station
Dispatch will provide a re-analysis to the new destination, as required while the aircraft is en-route
Once on ground the new flight plan will be issued to the original destination (pending any restrictions)
Flight Plans will be remarked in the ATC Filing as: “DVRSN RECOVERY”