Effective FBAs and BIPs. Presenters: Behavior Intervention Team. When Do I Have To Conduct an FBA?. The Notice of Procedural Safeguards January, 2012 states:
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Behavior Intervention Team
Examine previous interventions
Implemented with fidelity
Threat to safety of student or others
Use terms that are
Describe only the behavior you observe
Use specific, non-evaluative descriptions.
Each group will:
Give 3 vague descriptors
Give 3 operational behaviors
Interview the student, parent, and other teachers to determine the types of reinforcers that have been effective with him/her in the past.
You MUST have parental consent.
Use the Consent/Notice of Assessment in the Special Education Manager.
Ideally, obtaining consent should be an ARD committee decision.
Begin data collection (10 Days minimum of Baseline Data).
Identify no more than two specific target behaviors
Examples: spitting, hitting to cause bodily harm, sleeping, cussing
Data sources should include at least one of the following: Frequency, duration, latency.
When behavior occurs, conduct an ABC Analysis
This will help to identify the function and any possible “triggers”
Analyze Baseline Data
Graph the base line data.
Look for any patterns in the data
Determine the Present Level of Functioning Performance
This is CRUCIAL for developing the BIP
Determine the function of the behavior.
What is Little Johnny getting out of this behavior?
Behavior always has a purpose.
Develop a hypothesis.
Develop a draft BIP to take to ARD just in case the ARD committee determines the baseline data warrants a BIP.
Determine who is responsible for what
Develop your annual goal
Make it reasonable
Do not set the goal for 100%...there is no such thing when it pertains to behavior
Remember that a BIP is not a discipline plan…the student code of conduct is the discipline plan
Use your PLFP to determine the goal
Identify positive reinforcers and strategies to increase positive behavior
The objectives should work towards meeting the annual goal in progression.
Strategies and interventions should be outlined in the BIP that will increase or decrease the target behavior.