ISLAM: Submission to the Will of Allah. The Judeo-Christian Foundations of Islam. Islam An Abrahamic Religion. Muslims are strict monotheists. They believe in the Judeo- Christian God, which they call Allah .
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Will of Allah
IslamAn Abrahamic Religion
Peoples of the Book
12 Arabian Tribes
12 Tribes of Israel
The Prophetic Tradition
English spelling: KORAN
Born in Mecca c570CE
Worked in caravan trade.
Married a businesswoman, Khadijah.
Often spent time alone and in meditation.
The Origins of the Qur’an
Return to Mecca, 630 CE
Muhammad and his followers - 10,000 - marched to Mecca.
Mecca’s leaders surrendered (their power had weakened over time).
Muhammad destroyed the idols in the Ka’aba and had the call to prayer made on the roof.
Most Meccans converted to Islam and pledged loyalty to Muhammad
Muhammad died two years later at age 62; made strides in unifying the entire Arabian peninsula under Islam.
Core Muslim Beliefs
Main belief: there is only one God, Allah.
All others follow from this belief.
There is good and evil.
Each individual is responsible for the actions of his or her life.
Each person will stand before Allah on a final judgment day and enter either heaven or hell.
1. The Shahada
There is no god worthy of worship except God, andMuhammad is HisMessenger [or Prophet].
2. The Salat
2. The Salat
3. The Zakat
4. The Sawm
End of the Ramadan holiday.
5. The Hajj
5. The Hajj
All wear identical garments, so that all stand as equals before God.
Symbol of the oneness and centrality of God, the Ka'bah stands in the courtyard of Mecca's Sacred Mosque where at the season of the hajj the faithful gather for rituals that precede and end their pilgrimage.
The Dar al-Islam
The Worldof Islam
The Dome of the Rock Mosque in Jerusalem
Mount Moriah Rockwhere Muhammad ascended into heaven.
Other Islamic Religious Practices
Why was Islam able to spread so quickly and convert so many to the new religion?
The Spread of Islam
Muslims in the WorldToday
Countries with the Largest Muslim Population
* Arabs make up only 20% of the total Muslim population of the world.
Muslims in America
Muslim Culture in NYC
The Islamic Center, New York City