Chapter 27 “ Empire and Expansion ”. “ Expand or Explode ”.
From the end of the Civil War to the 1880s, the United States was very isolationist, but in the 1890s, due to rising exports, manufacturing capability, power, and wealth, it began to expand onto the world stage, using overseas markets to send its goods.
Safety Valve Theory
“Yellow Journalism” – Hearst and Pulitzer
Aggressive leadership – Theodore Roosevelt, Henry Cabot Lodge
Darwinism – Survival of the fittest
Alfred Thayer Mahan – “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History”
“Keeping up with the Joneses” - other countries were doing it why cant we?
A cartoon showing the U.S. growing up and growing girth. Illustration from "The Forbidden Book" by T'boli Publishing, San Francisco.
William Randolph Hearst
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Philippines – Paid $20 million
Multi-National force stopping the rebellion
Republicans - William McKinley
Platform – prosperity, gold standard and overseas expansion
Democrats – William Jennings Bryan
Platform – free and unlimited coinage of silver, anti-imperialism and anti-Trust
Shot by Leon Czolgosz