Argumentative persuasion essay
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Argumentative/Persuasion Essay. To persuade someone to accept your opinion, you are arguing FOR (SUPPORT) or AGAINST (OPPOSE) something. An opinion is what a person thinks about a subject.

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Argumentative/Persuasion Essay

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Argumentative persuasion essay

Argumentative/Persuasion Essay


Argumentative persuasion essay

  • To persuade someone to accept your opinion, you are arguing FOR (SUPPORT) or AGAINST (OPPOSE) something.

  • An opinion is what a person thinks about a subject.

  • A fact is a true statement that can be proven. You must give reason for your opinion. One of ways to support your reasons is to give facts.


Organization

Organization:

  • Introduction

  • Body

  • Conclusion


Argumentative persuasion essay

  • Introduction contains of an opinion about the topic. It should tell the reader what your opinion is on the topic.

  • An opinion about the topic is about 1 – 2 sentences.

  • In addition, thesis statement must be written as clear as possible.


Toefl topics

TOEFL Topics

  • Making an Argument (MA)

  • Agreeing or Disagreeing (AD).

  • Stating a Preference (PR).

  • Giving an Explanation (EX).

    Note: this classification is not always precise. Giving explanation can also be called making an argument in some cases. This classification is to guide you only.


Contoh topic explanation

Contoh Topic Explanation:

People attend college or university for many different reasons. Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.


Contoh topic explanation1

Contoh Topic Explanation:

People attend college for a lot of different reasons. I believe that the three most common reasons are to prepare for a career, to have new experiences, and to increase their knowledge of themselves and of the world around them.


Contoh ad

Contoh AD:

  • Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? University should give the same amount of money to their students’ sport activities as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.


Contoh ad1

Contoh AD:

I strongly disagree with idea that the same amount of money should go to university sport activities as to university libraries. Although playing sports is an important part of education, libraries are fundamental. Student cannot study without them and they require a lot of financial support to maintain up-to-date technology, to keep new books and magazines on the shelves, and to keep them operating.


Contoh pr

Contoh PR:

  • Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.


Contoh pr1

Contoh PR:

Although many people prefer to eat at restaurants because it is easier than cooking at home, I prefer to prepare food at home. I believe it is much cheaper and healthier to eat at home, and it can be more convenient, too.


Contoh ma

Contoh MA:

  • Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific reasons and examples in your answers.


Contoh ma1

Contoh MA:

There are several qualities that a good neighbor has. If you have a good neighbor, you are a lucky person. You have someone who is respectful of your property, who is helpful with the little day-to day problems that arise, and who is supportive in times of crisis.


Thesis statement

Thesis statement

  • It focuses the direction of the topic and helps the readers understand what you want to say. It tells reader what your essay is about.


How to write ts

How to write TS?

Thesis statement ditulisdalambentuk main idea baikberupa simple sentence, phrase, ataukata.

Bisaditulisdalam 1 kalimatataulebih.

Yang paling pentingadalahide yang ditulisharusparalel (kalimat, phrase, ataukata)


Contoh satu kalimat paralel kalimat

Contohsatukalimat, paralelkalimat:

  • When you travel alone, you meet new people, you have new experience, and you learn more about yourself.


Contoh satu kalimat paralel anak kalimat

Contohsatukalimat, paralelanakkalimat

  • Often they are people who love risks, who seek a feeling of power, and who need a way to deal with some personal problem.


Contoh satu kalimat paralel frase

Contohsatukalimat, paralelfrase

This routine fits my body’s rhythm, my work schedule, and my social life.


Contoh satu kalimat pararlel kata

Contohsatukalimat, pararlelkata

They could go there to socialize, have meeting, and just relax.


Contoh lebih dari satu kalimat

Contohlebihdarisatukalimat

Parents are the most important model a child has, parents love their children, and they have expectation of them. All of these things are important influences on a child’s success in school.


Write the introduction

Write the introduction

You need two things to write a good introduction.

  • You need to have an opinion on the topic.

  • You need to have topic sentences for each of the paragraph (TS with main ideas).


Set phrases to express opinion

Set phrases to express opinion

  • In my opinion

  • According to me

  • To my way of thinking

  • In my view

  • To me

  • From my point of view

  • It is my opinion that

  • I believe

  • I think

  • It seems to me that

  • It appears that

  • To my mind


Examples

Examples:

  • In my opinion, people’s lives are easier today.

  • It seems to me that most people prefer to spend their leisure time outdoors.

  • Etc.


Verbs to express opinion

Verbs to express opinion

  • Agree

  • Believe

  • Guess

  • Hope

  • Imagine

  • Infer

  • Realize

  • Suppose

  • Think

  • understand


Examples1

Examples:

  • I agree that studying science is more important than studying literature.

  • I understand why people like to work with their hands.


Argumentative persuasion essay

  • Adjectives : certain, convinced, positive, sure

    Examples:

    I am certain that movies influence people behavior.

    I am convinced that having a pet can contribute to a child’s development.


Adverb phrases to qualify opinion

Adverb phrases to qualify opinion

  • Seemingly

  • Conceivably

  • Possibly

  • Perhaps

  • Maybe

  • Probably

  • Presumably

  • Certainly

  • Almost

  • Doubtless

  • No doubt

  • definitely


Examples2

Examples:

  • Seemingly, playing games can teach us about life.

  • Daily exercise definitely should be a part of every school day.

  • Doubtless, helping a child to learn to read is important.

  • Individual sports possibly better than team sports for some students.


Other adverb phrases

Other adverb phrases:

Mertimbangkansemuahal

Secarakeseluruhan/semuanyaBiasanya/lazimnyaPada dasarnyaUmumnyaPadadasarnyaSebagian besarumumnyaumumnyaSecara keseluruhansecara keseluruhan

  • All things considered

  • Altogether

  • As a rule

  • Basically

  • By and large

  • Essentially

  • For the most part

  • Generally

  • In general

  • On the whole

  • overall


Examples3

Examples:

  • As a rule, it is better for a student to wear uniforms to school.

  • For the most part, countries are more alike than different.

  • On the whole, higher education should be available to all.


Argumentative persuasion essay

  • samasekali : at all, completely, altogether, totally, entirely, absolutely

  • Semuanya: altogether, bodily

  • Sungguh: really, indeed, quite, actually, remarkably, altogether

  • Umumnya: generally, usually, mostly, in general, in most cases, altogether

  • pd keseluruhannya : on the whole, altogether, as a whole

  • pd umumnya : in general, mostly, in most cases, on the whole, usually, altogether

  • pendekkata: in short, in brief, altogether


Other adverb phrases1

Other adverb phrases:

hampiragaknya/Sedikit banyak

Lebih kurangScrpraktis,

Boleh dikatakanUntuk semua maksud dan tujuanSampai batas tertentuSampai titik

  • Almost

  • In a way

  • More or less

  • practically,

  • So to speak

  • For all intents and purposes

  • To some extent

  • Up to a point


Examples4

Examples:

  • Up to a point, people succeed because of hard work, not because of luck.

  • For all intents and purposes, television has destroyed communication among family members.


Introduction examples

Introduction examples:

Examples 1:

Version A

I believe that people attend college for many different reasons. These reasons are personal to them.

Version B

People attend college or universities for a lot of different reasons. I believe that the three most reasons are to prepare for a career, to have new experiences, and to increase their knowledge of themselves and the world around them.


Argumentative persuasion essay

Example 2:

Version A

I think there are changes necessary in my hometown. It is always the same. There has to be something different.

Version B

If I could change one thing about my hometown I think it would be the fact that there is no sense of community here. People do not connected, they do not look out for each other, and they do not get to know their neighbors.


Argumentative persuasion essay

Example 3:

Version A

I believe that some people like to eat at food stand, and some like to eat in restaurants. There are different reasons for this.

Version B

Some people like to eat out at food stand and restaurants, while others like to prepare food at home. Often it depends on the kind of lifestyle people have. Those with very busy jobs outside the house do not always time to cook. They like the convenience of eating out. Over all, I think it is cheaper and healthier to eat at home.


Exercises introduction

Exercises Introduction:

  • Even though job situation can be very different, there are several qualities that all good supervisors have in common. A good supervisor treats her employees fairly. She gives directions. Most important of all, she acts as a good example for her employees.

  • Termasukjenistopikapakah intro ini?

  • Manaintronya?

  • Mana TS-nya?


Argumentative persuasion essay

2. Some people will say that a new movie theater in our neighborhood would be a bad thing. However, I fully support the plan to build one. I feel that a movie theater would provide more opportunities for entertainment, reduce teenage delinquency, and bring more business to our own.

  • Termasukjenistopikapakah intro ini?

  • Manaintronya?

  • Mana TS-nya?


Argumentative persuasion essay

3. Airplane is form of transportation that has changed people’s live. Thanks to plane, our lives are now faster, more exciting, and more convenient than before.

  • Termasukjenistopikapakah intro ini?

  • Manaintronya?

  • Mana TS-nya?


Argumentative persuasion essay

4. Some people think that attending a live performance is preferable to watching it on television. I say, however, that if you have a good TV, it is much better to watch a performance that way. It is much more convenient and comfortable, and it is cheaper, too.

  • Termasukjenistopikapakah intro ini?

  • Manaintronya?

  • Mana TS-nya?


Exercises on writing introduction

Exercises on Writing Introduction

1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Write:

  • Your opinion about the topic.

  • Your thesis statement.


Exercises on writing introduction1

Exercises on Writing Introduction

2. Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Write:

  • Your opinion about the topic.

  • Your thesis statement.


Exercises on writing introduction2

Exercises on Writing Introduction

3. Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Write:

  • Your opinion about the topic.

  • Your thesis statement.


Exercises on writing introduction3

Exercises on Writing Introduction

4. Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Write:

  • Your opinion about the topic.

  • Your thesis statement.


Writing body

Writing Body:

  • Turn the main ideas into supporting ideas. Use of an outline.


Write conclusion

Write conclusion:

  • A conclusion has a few sentences that support your thesis and remind the reader of your intention.


Different ways of writing a conclusion

Different ways of writing a conclusion

  • Restatement: restating your thesis statement and/or restating your topic sentences.

  • Generalization: use all information you provided and make a generalization about it.

  • Prediction: summarize the information you provided and point the readers toward the next logical step.

  • Question: it does not need an answer because the answer is in the question. This is rhetorical question.


Transition words

Transition words

  • To make your ideas flow, use transition words.(transition).


Editing yourself

Editing yourself:

  • Grammar and Spelling1.    Check your spelling.2.    Check your grammar.3.    Read your essay again.4.    Make sure each sentence has a subject.5.    Make sure your subjects and verbs agree with each other.6.    Check the verb tenses of each sentence.7.    Make sure that each sentence makes sense.


Argumentative persuasion essay

Style and Organization

  • Make sure your essay has an introduction, supporting paragraphs, and a summary paragraph.

  • Check that you have a thesis statement that identifies the main idea of the essay.

  • Check that all your paragraphs follow the proper paragraph format.

  • See if your essay is interesting.


3 steps

3 steps

  • PLAN

  • WRITE

  • REVISE


Sample

Sample

  • IELTS score 8

  • TOEFL score 5


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