Selecting and wiring flowers
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Selecting and Wiring Flowers. Objectives. Identify reasons for using wire in a floral design. Explain the types of wire used in floral designs. Discuss the wire sizes used for types of flowers. Objectives. Explain how and when to use methods of wiring flowers.

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Selecting and Wiring Flowers

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Selecting and Wiring Flowers


Objectives

  • Identify reasons for using wire in a floral design.

  • Explain the types of wire used in floral designs.

  • Discuss the wire sizes used for types of flowers.


Objectives

  • Explain how and when to use methods of wiring flowers.

  • Explain how and when to use methods of wiring foliage.

  • Discuss the uses of floral tape.


Wiring Techniques

  • essential to the floral designer

  • only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it


Florists wire

  • used for a number of reasons

  • straighten slightly crooked stems

  • support weakened stems


Florists wire

  • keep flowers upright and help prevent wilting

  • hold flowers and foliage in a desired position


Florists wire

  • prevent flower heads from breaking off the stem

  • replace flower stems on corsages so the corsage stem is not bulky


Florists wire

  • add accessories to corsages and arrangements


Selecting wires

  • commonly sold in twelve pound boxes

  • containing straight wires 18 inches long

  • number of wires per box varies according to the size of the wire


Selecting wires

  • wires are coated with green enamel which helps prevent rusting

  • green color makes them less noticeable in the design


Selecting wires

  • wire may also be purchased on spools for special needs such as making garlands or wreaths


Sizes of wire

  • florist wire comes in various weights and diameters called gauges

  • size ranges from 18 - thickest, to 32 - thinnest


Sizes of wire

  • wire gauge numbers decrease as the wire gets larger

  • 20-26 gauge is the most common


Sizes of wire

  • proper size of wire is important

  • too large a wire will damage the flower

  • if wire is too thin the flower will not be properly supported


Sizes of wire

  • select the smallest wire that will support the flower and still hold it in place


Wiring

  • should only be done when necessary

  • too much wire can detract from an arrangement


Sizes of wire

  • the size wire you choose is dependent upon the weight of the flower and the intended use


Methods of wiring

  • straight wire method

  • used when the stem remains attached to the flower

  • most often used when wiring flowers for vase arrangements


Straight Wire

  • hold a piece of 20 gauge wire about one half inch from the end

  • insert into the calyx - fleshy part of the flower below petals


Straight wire

  • push wire up toward your finger

  • wrap the wire carefully around the stem going between the leaves

  • wire should show as little as possible


Hook Method

  • used on daisies, asters, chrysanthemums and other flowers used for corsages and funeral work

  • method is recommended for any flower that breaks easily at the stem


Hook Method

  • hook helps prevent flower from breaking off of stem

  • stem may be removed or left intact

  • depends on use of flower


Hook Method

  • for corsage work, stem is cut 1/2 inch below the calyx

  • all remaining foliage is removed from stem


Hook Method

  • wire is pushed up through the calyx and out the top of the flower

  • wire may also be pushed along the center of the stem


Hook Method

  • bend end of wire that sticks out top of flower into a hook

  • pull the wire and the hook downward so that the hook disappears into the flower head


Hook Method

  • if using the flower in a corsage, it is now ready to be taped

  • if using in an arrangement, wire is bent around stem to support it


Piercing method

  • used on flowers that have an enlarged calyx

  • such as carnations and roses

  • stem is removed about one inch below calyx if for corsage


Piercing method

  • insert a wire through the calyx at a point halfway between the calyx and the petals


Piercing method

  • if for a vase arrangement, push wire till it sticks two inches beyond the calyx

  • bend both ends of wire down

  • wrap longest end around stem


Piercing method

  • for corsage, push the wire through to the midpoint

  • bend both sides down and tape


Wrap method

  • used on foliage made of many small leaflets

  • leatherleaf

  • flowers composed of many small florets


Wrap method

  • cut the stem so that a small portion of the stem remains on the leaf

  • make a hairpin from 26-28 gauge wire


Wrap method

  • hang the hairpin over the lowest pair of leaflets so that the bend in the hairpin rests behind the stem


Wrap method

  • wind one wire over both the other wire and the stem of the leaflet

  • wrap the stem and wire with tape


Stitch method

  • used most commonly on broad, leathery skinned leaves

  • foliages that have been wired are much easier to use because the wire creates an extended petiole


Stitch method

  • from the back side of the leaf, take a 26 gauge wire and pass the wire through the leaf under the midrib

  • stitch is made about halfway up the leaf


Stitch method

  • bend both ends of the wire down the back of the leaf

  • wrap one half of the wire around the other half and the petiole several times


Stitch method

  • tape the stem beginning at the base of the leaf


Wiring

  • it is important to select the method that best suits the type of flower and its intended use

  • keep all wire hidden as much as possible


Floral Taping

  • non sticky tape that will stick to itself when stretched

  • used primarily in corsage work to cover wires

  • bind wires to flower stems


Floral Taping

  • bind wired or taped flowers together

  • half inch width is the most common

  • one inch is also made but is not readily available


Floral Taping

  • primary brand names are “Floratape” and “Parafilm”

  • various colors available

  • moss green and foliage green are the most common


Floral Taping

  • white tape is used in wedding work while brown may be used for dried flowers

  • taping requires skill that is developed with practice


Floral Taping

  • taping is achieved by stretching the tape as you wrap it around the stem or wire or twist the wire or stem into the floral tape


Floral Taping

  • the tape becomes sticky as you stretch it and will stick to itself

  • properly taped wires will be smooth and lightly taped


Floral Taping

  • if the tape does not adhere to the wire and is loose, increase the tension on the tape.


Objectives

  • Identify reasons for using wire in a floral design.

  • Explain the types of wire used in floral designs.

  • Discuss the wire sizes used for six types of flowers.


Objectives

  • Explain how and when to use methods of wiring flowers.

  • Explain how and when to use methods of wiring foliage.

  • Discuss the uses of floral tape.


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