Selecting and wiring flowers
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Selecting and Wiring Flowers Wiring Techniques essential to the floral designer only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it Florists wire used for a number of reasons straighten slightly crooked stems support weakened stems Florists wire

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Wiring Techniques

  • essential to the floral designer

  • only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it


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Florists wire

  • used for a number of reasons

  • straighten slightly crooked stems

  • support weakened stems


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Florists wire

  • keep flowers upright and help prevent wilting

  • hold flowers and foliage in a desired position


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Florists wire

  • prevent flower heads from breaking off the stem

  • replace flower stems on corsages so the corsage stem is not bulky


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Florists wire

  • add accessories to corsages and arrangements


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Selecting wires

  • commonly sold in twelve pound boxes

  • containing straight wires 18 inches long

  • number of wires per box varies according to the size of the wire


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Selecting wires

  • wires are coated with green enamel which helps prevent rusting

  • green color makes them less noticeable in the design


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Selecting wires

  • wire may also be purchased on spools for special needs such as making garlands or wreaths


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Sizes of wire

  • florist wire comes in various weights and diameters called gauges

  • size ranges from 18 - thickest, to 32 - thinnest


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Sizes of wire

  • wire gauge numbers decrease as the wire gets larger

  • 20-26 gauge is the most common


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Sizes of wire

  • proper size of wire is important

  • too large a wire will damage the flower

  • if wire is too thin the flower will not be properly supported


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Sizes of wire

  • select the smallest wire that will support the flower and still hold it in place


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Wiring

  • should only be done when necessary

  • too much wire can detract from an arrangement


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Sizes of wire

  • the size wire you choose is dependent upon the weight of the flower and the intended use


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Methods of wiring

  • straight wire method

  • used when the stem remains attached to the flower

  • most often used when wiring flowers for vase arrangements


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Straight Wire

  • hold a piece of 20 gauge wire about one half inch from the end

  • insert into the calyx - fleshy part of the flower below petals


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Straight wire

  • push wire up toward your finger

  • wrap the wire carefully around the stem going between the leaves

  • wire should show as little as possible


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Hook Method

  • used on daisies, asters, chrysanthemums and other flowers used for corsages and funeral work

  • method is recommended for any flower that breaks easily at the stem


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Hook Method

  • hook helps prevent flower from breaking off of stem

  • stem may be removed or left intact

  • depends on use of flower


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Hook Method

  • for corsage work, stem is cut 1/2 inch below the calyx

  • all remaining foliage is removed from stem


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Hook Method

  • wire is pushed up through the calyx and out the top of the flower

  • wire may also be pushed along the center of the stem


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Hook Method

  • bend end of wire that sticks out top of flower into a hook

  • pull the wire and the hook downward so that the hook disappears into the flower head


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Hook Method

  • if using the flower in a corsage, it is now ready to be taped

  • if using in an arrangement, wire is bent around stem to support it


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Piercing method

  • used on flowers that have an enlarged calyx

  • such as carnations and roses

  • stem is removed about one inch below calyx if for corsage


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Piercing method

  • insert a wire through the calyx at a point halfway between the calyx and the petals


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Piercing method

  • if for a vase arrangement, push wire till it sticks two inches beyond the calyx

  • bend both ends of wire down

  • wrap longest end around stem


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Piercing method

  • for corsage, push the wire through to the midpoint

  • bend both sides down and tape


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Wrap method

  • used on foliage made of many small leaflets

  • leatherleaf

  • flowers composed of many small florets


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Wrap method

  • cut the stem so that a small portion of the stem remains on the leaf

  • make a hairpin from 26-28 gauge wire


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Wrap method

  • hang the hairpin over the lowest pair of leaflets so that the bend in the hairpin rests behind the stem


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Wrap method

  • wind one wire over both the other wire and the stem of the leaflet

  • wrap the stem and wire with tape


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Stitch method

  • used most commonly on broad, leathery skinned leaves

  • foliages that have been wired are much easier to use because the wire creates an extended petiole


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Stitch method

  • from the back side of the leaf, take a 26 gauge wire and pass the wire through the leaf under the midrib

  • stitch is made about halfway up the leaf


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Stitch method

  • bend both ends of the wire down the back of the leaf

  • wrap one half of the wire around the other half and the petiole several times


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Stitch method

  • tape the stem beginning at the base of the leaf


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Wiring

  • it is important to select the method that best suits the type of flower and its intended use

  • keep all wire hidden as much as possible


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Floral Taping

  • non sticky tape that will stick to itself when stretched

  • used primarily in corsage work to cover wires

  • bind wires to flower stems


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Floral Taping

  • bind wired or taped flowers together

  • half inch width is the most common

  • one inch is also made but is not readily available


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Floral Taping

  • primary brand names are “Floratape” and “Parafilm”

  • various colors available

  • moss green and foliage green are the most common


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Floral Taping

  • white tape is used in wedding work while brown may be used for dried flowers

  • taping requires skill that is developed with practice


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Floral Taping

  • taping is achieved by stretching the tape as you wrap it around the stem or wire or twist the wire or stem into the floral tape


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Floral Taping

  • the tape becomes sticky as you stretch it and will stick to itself

  • properly taped wires will be smooth and lightly taped


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Floral Taping

  • if the tape does not adhere to the wire and is loose, increase the tension on the tape.


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