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The Cold War PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Cold War. 1945-1970s. Objective. To understand postwar international order To understand the causes of the Cold War To understand the nature of the Cold War. Causes of the Cold War. The end of World War II Soviet troops occupied Eastern Europe Division of Germany Yalta Conference

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The Cold War

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The Cold War

1945-1970s


Objective

  • To understand postwar international order

  • To understand the causes of the Cold War

  • To understand the nature of the Cold War


Causes of the Cold War

  • The end of World War II

    • Soviet troops occupied Eastern Europe

    • Division of Germany

    • Yalta Conference

    • Change in balance of power


Causes of the Cold War

  • Soviet motivations

  • US involvement

  • Who is right?


The Cold War

  • The Truman Doctrine (1947)

  • European Recovery Program

    (Marshall Plan, 1947)


The Cold War

  • Status of Germany

    • Permanent Division

    • Berlin Airlift (1948)

    • Berlin Wall (1961)


The Berlin Airlift


The Cold War

  • Soviet domination of Eastern Europe

    • Soviets explode first atom bomb, 1949

    • Rise of puppet states

    • Yugoslavia


First Soviet Atom Bomb1949


The Cold War

  • Changes in Soviet leadership

    • Stalin dies 1953

    • Nikita Khrushchev 1956-1964

    • Leonid Brezhnev 1964-1982

    • Gorbachev 1985-1991


Nikita Khruschev


Mikhail Gorbachev


The Cold War

  • Threat of nuclear warfare

    • Atomic bombs end World War II

    • Change in warfare

    • Soviet Union explodes first atom bomb in 1949

    • Nuclear arms race


US Defense Spending 1941-61


The Cold War

  • The Cold War expands beyond Europe

    • China (1949)

    • Korean War (1950-53)

    • Cuba

    • Vietnam War


Mao Zedong


Korean War


Vietnam War


Ho Chi Minh


Vietnam War


The Cold War

  • Decolonization

    • Decline of European powers

    • The “Third World”

    • Decolonization and the Cold War


The Cold War

  • Middle East

    • State of Israel created in 1948

    • Middle East and the Cold War

    • Role of Oil


The Cold War

  • European Integration (1951-Present)

    • Lessons from World War II

    • European Coal and Steel Community

    • Treaty of Rome


Franco-German Cooperation


The Cold War

  • Changes in Western society

    • Material prosperity

    • Secular Society

    • Globalization


The Cold War

  • Challenge to Soviet domination

    • Hungary (1956)

    • Czechoslovakia (1968)

    • Brezhnev Doctrine


Prague Spring1968


Détente

  • Decreased tensions between US and Soviet Union

    • Nuclear arms agreements

    • US and China


Détente


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