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Other Organic Compounds(p. 29). Functional Group Atom or group of atoms that give specific properties to an organic compound. Same functional group Similar properties Classified together. Alcohols.

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other organic compounds p 29
Other Organic Compounds(p. 29)
  • Functional Group
    • Atom or group of atoms that give specific properties to an organic compound.
    • Same functional group
      • Similar properties
      • Classified together
alcohols
Alcohols
  • Organic compound that contains one or more hydroxyl group (-OH); the oxygen is bonded to a hydrogen and a carbon.
  • General formula: R-OH
naming alcohols
Naming Alcohols:
  • If no number is present in front of the parent name, presume the –OH is on carbon number 1.
  • If 1 –OH group
    • Drop the “e” on the parent name and add “ol”.

Example:

C-C-C-C-OH

1-butanol

example
Example

C-C-C-C-C-C-C

OH

 3-heptanol

slide5
Name:

C

C-C-C-C-C

OH

2-methyl-2-pentanol

naming alcohols continued
Naming alcohols continued
  • If two or more –OH groups
    • 2= -diol
    • 3=-triol
    • 4= tetraol
  • Keep the –ane, add the appropriate ending listed above.
example1
Example:

C-OH

C-OH

C-OH

1,2,3-propanetriol

draw 1 2 4 5 pentanetetraol
Draw:1, 2, 4, 5-pentanetetraol

OH OH

C-C-C-C-C

OH OH

ethers
Ethers
  • Organic compounds with 2 hydrocarbons bonded to the same oxygen
  • General formula: R-O-R’
  • Where R and R’ can be the same size or different.
naming ethers
Naming Ethers:
  • Arrange the R and R’ groups in alphabetical order.
  • Use –yl endings like branches; if R and R’ are the same, use “di”.
  • End the name with the word ether.
slide11
Name:

C-C-O-C-C-C-C

Butyl ethyl ether

slide12
Name:

C-C-C-O-C-C-C

dipropyl ether

slide13
Name:

C-C-C-O-C

methyl propyl ether

slide14
Draw:

Dicyclohexyl ether

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