Other organic compounds p 29
Download
1 / 15

Other Organic Compounds(p. 29) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 93 Views
  • Uploaded on

Other Organic Compounds(p. 29). Functional Group Atom or group of atoms that give specific properties to an organic compound. Same functional group Similar properties Classified together. Alcohols.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Other Organic Compounds(p. 29)' - loman


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Other organic compounds p 29
Other Organic Compounds(p. 29)

  • Functional Group

    • Atom or group of atoms that give specific properties to an organic compound.

    • Same functional group

      • Similar properties

      • Classified together


Alcohols
Alcohols

  • Organic compound that contains one or more hydroxyl group (-OH); the oxygen is bonded to a hydrogen and a carbon.

  • General formula: R-OH


Naming alcohols
Naming Alcohols:

  • If no number is present in front of the parent name, presume the –OH is on carbon number 1.

  • If 1 –OH group

    • Drop the “e” on the parent name and add “ol”.

      Example:

      C-C-C-C-OH

      1-butanol


Example
Example

C-C-C-C-C-C-C

OH

 3-heptanol


Name:

C

C-C-C-C-C

OH

2-methyl-2-pentanol


Naming alcohols continued
Naming alcohols continued

  • If two or more –OH groups

    • 2= -diol

    • 3=-triol

    • 4= tetraol

  • Keep the –ane, add the appropriate ending listed above.


Example1
Example:

C-OH

C-OH

C-OH

1,2,3-propanetriol


Draw 1 2 4 5 pentanetetraol
Draw:1, 2, 4, 5-pentanetetraol

OH OH

C-C-C-C-C

OH OH


Ethers
Ethers

  • Organic compounds with 2 hydrocarbons bonded to the same oxygen

  • General formula: R-O-R’

  • Where R and R’ can be the same size or different.


Naming ethers
Naming Ethers:

  • Arrange the R and R’ groups in alphabetical order.

  • Use –yl endings like branches; if R and R’ are the same, use “di”.

  • End the name with the word ether.


Name:

C-C-O-C-C-C-C

Butyl ethyl ether


Name:

C-C-C-O-C-C-C

dipropyl ether


Name:

C-C-C-O-C

methyl propyl ether


Draw:

Dicyclohexyl ether


Draw methyl phenyl ether
Draw:methyl phenyl ether

C-O


ad