Civilizations and Empires in Southwest Asia. World History Mr. Dunham. Civilization Arose in the Fertile Crescent. Why is it important for people (especially farmers) to settle near rivers & streams?. Farmers need their villages near water because they need it for their crops. .
Historians believe that Sumerians built the world’s first civilization.Sumer
Right: Artistic view of what Sumer might have looked like.
2. Defense Problems- Very flat land…there were no natural defensive barriers to prevent raids by nomads.
Sumerian SolutionsFertile Crescent Disadvantages
Below: Irrigation ditches are still used today as a means of getting water to crops.
Above: Mud brick homes are still built today in the Middle East because of the lack of timber.
Priests & Kings
*Women had more rights than women in many later civilizations.
Artisans & Farmers
Slaves: By working obediently day & night…they could hope to earn their freedom.
Carving shows the sun god Shamash giving the laws to Hammurabi.
Above: King Cyrus