Civilizations and Empires in Southwest Asia. World History Mr. Dunham. Civilization Arose in the Fertile Crescent. Why is it important for people (especially farmers) to settle near rivers & streams?. Farmers need their villages near water because they need it for their crops. .
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Civilizations and Empires in Southwest Asia
Sumer was neither a city nor a country. Rather, it was a collection of separate cities with a common way of life. They shared a common culture.
Historians believe that Sumerians built the world’s first civilization.
Right: Artistic view of what Sumer might have looked like.
1. Water Problems- Unpredictability of floods and water dries up quickly.
2. Defense Problems- Very flat land…there were no natural defensive barriers to prevent raids by nomads.
Sumerian Solutions are Still In Use Today!
Below: Irrigation ditches are still used today as a means of getting water to crops.
Above: Mud brick homes are still built today in the Middle East because of the lack of timber.
SOCIAL CLASSES IN SUMER
Priests & Kings
*Women had more rights than women in many later civilizations.
Artisans & Farmers
Slaves: By working obediently day & night…they could hope to earn their freedom.
Carving shows the sun god Shamash giving the laws to Hammurabi.
Above: King Cyrus