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CHAPTER 6. Constitutions, Statutes, and Administrative Regulations. The Bluebook Rule 11 – Example: Citing the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. U.S. C ONST . amend. XIV. The Citation. The Bluebook Rule 11 – Example: Citing the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

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CHAPTER 6

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Chapter 6 l.jpg

CHAPTER 6

Constitutions, Statutes, and Administrative Regulations


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The BluebookRule 11 – Example: Citing the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution

U.S. CONST. amend. XIV.

The Citation


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The BluebookRule 11 – Example: Citing the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution

U.S. CONST. amend. XIV.

The Constitution Cited


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The BluebookRule 11 – Example: Citing the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution

U.S. CONST. amend. XIV.

Abbreviation for Amendment


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The BluebookRule 11 – Example: Citing the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution

U.S. CONST. amend. XIV.

Number of Amendment Cited


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Citing a Constitutional Amendment

  • Spell out the number

    • 14th – Wrong

    • Fourteenth - Correct

  • Capitalize the number and word amendment

    • fourteenth amendment – Wrong

    • Fourteenth Amendment - Correct


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The BluebookRule 12

  • The United States Code (U.S.C.) is the official federal code

  • There are two unofficial federal codes

    • United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.)

    • United States Code Annotated (U.S.C.A.)


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The BluebookRule 12Citing the United States Code

18 U.S.C. § 242 (2000).

A United States Code Citation


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The BluebookRule 12Citing the United States Code

18 U.S.C. § 242 (2000).

The Title Number


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The BluebookRule 12Citing the United States Code

18 U.S.C.§ 242 (2000).

The Code


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The BluebookRule 12Citing the United States Code

18 U.S.C. § 242 (2000).

The Code Section


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The BluebookRule 12Citing the United States Code

18 U.S.C. § 242 (2000).

The Year


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The BluebookRule 12Citing a Federal Statute

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 29 U.S.C. § 651 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)

A United States Code Citation


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The BluebookRule 12Citing a Federal Statute

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 29 U.S.C. § 651 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)

The Title of the Act (Statute)


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The BluebookRule 12Citing a Federal Statute

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 29 U.S.C. § 651 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)

The Title Number


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The BluebookRule 12Citing a Federal Statute

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 29 U.S.C. § 651 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)

The Code


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The BluebookRule 12Citing a Federal Statute

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 29 U.S.C. § 651 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)

The Code Section


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The BluebookRule 12Citing a Federal Statute

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 29 U.S.C. § 651 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)

The Year of the Supplement


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The BluebookRule 12Citing a Federal Statute

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 29 U.S.C. § 651 (1988 & Supp. V 1993)

The Year of the Bound Volume


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The BluebookRule 12 - State Codes

  • Cite similarly to federal code citations

  • Review Bluebook Table 1 for specific formats and abbreviations


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The BluebookRule 12.8.3Examples of Some Federal Citations

  • Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (Rule 26)

    • FED. R. CIV. P. 26.

  • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure (Rule 6)

    • FED. R. CRIM. P. 6.

  • Federal Rules of Evidence (Rule 301)

    • FED. R. EVID. 301.


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The U.S. Constitution

  • Published in numerous forms

  • U.S.C.A. and U.S.C.S.:

    • Index the Constitution

    • Annotate the Constitution


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Federal StatutesEnactment

  • Legislation is proposed as a bill

  • Introduced to House of Representatives and Senate

  • Referred to committee

  • Voted on by chamber it was introduced in


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Federal StatutesEnactment(continued)

  • Sent to other chamber

    • May be amended

    • Voted on

  • If amended it’s sent back to the original chamber for a their vote

    • Both chambers must pass exact bill

  • After passing both chambers it is sent to the President who will:

    • Approve

    • Veto (Can be overridden by a joint 2/3 vote of Congress)


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Federal Statutes

  • Laws enacted by Congress are either:

    • Public Laws – Laws which concern all of society

    • Private Laws – Laws which concern single individuals or specific groups


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Federal StatutesPublication

  • Initial publication: As a slip Law in the Statutes at Large

    • Published chronologically

  • Official publication: United States Code

    • Including pocket part supplements

  • Unofficial publications:

    • U.S.C.A.

    • U.S.C.S.

    • On-line and other internet cites


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State StatutesPublication

  • Initial publication: Session Laws

  • Official publication: State Code

    • Including pocket part supplements

  • Unofficial publications:

    • On-line and other internet cites


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Local Ordinances

  • Municipal and county ordinances are not as widely published as federal and state statutes

  • Check local law libraries for updates and availability


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Administrative Regulations

  • Initial publication: List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA)

    • Refers the reader to Federal Register to view changes

  • Official publication: Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.)


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Court Rules

  • All Rules of Court are published with the appropriate codes

  • Other publications include:

    • Federal Rules of Civil Procedure

    • Federal Rules of Evidence

    • Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure


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