PIONIER – Polish optical NREN
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PIONIER – Polish optical NREN . Michał Przybylski, Maciej Stroiński, Artur Binczewski michalp | stroins | [email protected] CEF Workshop , Prague, CESNET, 25-26 May 2004. Contents. Why we build fibers ? The way to Optical Internet Benefits of infrastructure ownership

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PIONIER – Polish optical NREN

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  • PIONIER – Polish optical NREN

Michał Przybylski, Maciej Stroiński, Artur Binczewski

michalp | stroins | [email protected]

CEF Workshop , Prague, CESNET, 25-26 May 2004


Contents

  • Why we build fibers ?

  • The way to Optical Internet

  • Benefits of infrastructure ownership

  • The future of PIONIER


PIONIER - an idea of „All Optical Network”, facts:

  • 4Q1999 – proposal of program submited to KBN

  • 2Q2000 – PIONIER testbed (DWDM, TNC 2001)

  • 3Q2000 – project accepted (tender for co-operation, negotiations with Telcos)

  • 4Q2001 – I Phase: ~10 mln Euro

    • Contracts with Telbank and Szeptel (1434 km)

  • 4Q2002 – II Phase: ~18.5 mln Euro

    • Contracts with Telbank, regional Power Grids Companies (1214 km)

    • Contract for equipment: 10GE&DWDM and IP router

  • 2H2003 – installation of 10GE with DWDM rep./amp.

    • 16 MANs connected and 2648 km of fibers installed

    • 20 October 2003 – PIONIER is operational

    • Contracts with partners (Telbank and HAVE) (1426 km): I phase ~ 5 mln Euro

  • 2Q2004 - negotiations with partners ~2300 km (budget ~10 mln Euro)

  • 2005/2006 – 21 MANs connected with 6300 km of fiber


PIONIER - the economy behind...

Cost relation (connections between 21 MANs, per year):

  • 622Mb/s channels from telco (real cost): 4.8 MEuro

  • 2.5Gb/s channels from telco (estimate): 9.6 MEuro

  • 10Gb/s channels from telco (estimate) : 19.2 MEuro

    PIONIER costs (5200km of fibers, 10GE): 55.0 MEuro

    Annual PIONIER maintenance costs: 2.1 MEuro

    Return of Investment in 3 years!

    (calculations made only for 1 lambda used)


PIONIER - the economy behind

Cost reduction via:

  • simplified network architecture IP / ATM / SDH / DWDM  IP / GE / DWDM

  • lower investment, lower depreciation ATM /SDH  GE

  • simplified management


Why the fiber?

  • Market survey:

  • providers unable to fulfill the requirements of science (low bandwidth, low reach, high prices)

  • inability to provide dark fibers

  • Target: to find suitable solution for research community

  • 2000 - first DWDM over dark fiber testbed in Poland (done as PIONIER experiment), demonstration of pilot, lambda based applications

  • 2001 – second DWDM testbed and MPLS test,

  • Results: decision to build own fiber network, with the DWDM as the future transport technology. PSNC has been selected as the responsible organisation.

  • Mutual benefits drove the deployment: both providers and research community interested in reducing costs. Different ways to acquire the fibers: co-investment, swap, purchase, main investor.


PIONIER - technology

  • Different fiber types for various applications

    • SMF (Standard Mode Fiber, G.652, general purpose – regional and national; used currently for 10GE transmission)

    • NZDSF (Non-Zero Dispersion Shifted Fiber, G.655, future long range multi-lambda 40Gbit/s transmission for direct HPC connection and ultra-broadband Internet)

  • Guaranteed flexibility

    • average span length 60km for national backbone (allows for different class of equipment to be used – Metro, LH, ULH...)

  • Safe technology

    • most of our installations are undergroud, 830km OPGW+ADSS (high voltage power lines, ground wire) with tight SLA.

  • Problems

    • local loop construction is sometimes difficult (urban area - average 6 months waiting time for permissions)


PIONIER fiber network in 2003


Building 10GE transmission

  • 2003 - 10GE transmission

    • the need to reduce operational costs.

    • needs from VLBI and CERN for high bandwidth links

    • an intermediate solution until target 40Gbit/s DWDM system is installed.

  • Equipment

    • no appropriate 10GE switch interface/line amplifier found

    • transport on DWDM from ADVA / INRANGE

    • Black Diamond 10GE switches used as core equipment

    • Juniper T320 for international connectivity and VLAN routing


10GE transmission in 2003

10G to GEANT


Quantities

DWDM

ADVA shelf-50

10Gbit transponder-42

EDFA-44Regeneration cost – 50%

DCM-56

10GE

BD 6808 switch- 16

10GE switch card 1310nm-37

8x1GE card (GBIC)-16 (63)

L2 over VLAN

Juniper M5-7

Routing

Juniper T320-1


Link setup and optimisation

Cost approximately 140KEuro

Cost approximately 90KEuro, cost savings (equipment only): 35%


GÉANT

PIONIER in 2004

OWN FIBERS

GDAŃSK

10 Gb/s

KOSZALIN

OLSZTYN

SZCZECIN

GÉANT

BIAŁYSTOK

BYDGOSZCZ

TORUŃ

10 Gb/s

POZNAŃ

LEASED CHANNELS

ZIELONA

GÓRA

WARSZAWA

622 Mb/s

ŁÓDŹ

155 Mb/s

WROCŁAW

RADOM

CZĘSTOCHOWA

PUŁAWY

OPOLE

KIELCE

LUBLIN

Metropolitan

Area

Networks

KATOWICE

RZESZÓW

KRAKÓW

BIELSKO-BIAŁA


(New) network services

ATM transport in 10GE network

  • continuation of former ATM network (still many customers connected with ATM)

  • concatenation of Juniper CCC with 10GE 802.1p VLANs

  • service in the production network

  • approx. 20 connections between 5 MANs


Benefits of new infrastructure

  • International connectivity - GEANT 10 Gb/s, TELIA 2 Gb/s, GTS/SPRINT 2 Gb/s,

  • High Performance Computing Centers projects (national):

    • PROGRESS (3 SUN clusters x 1Gb/s)

    • SGI (6 SGI clusters x 1Gb/s)

    • CLUSTERIX (12 PC clusters x 1 Gb/s)

    • National Data Storage system (5 sites x 1Gb/s)

  • EU Projects

    • 6NET (155-622Mb/s)

    • VLBI (1Gb/s dedicated)5FP

    • CERN-ATLAS (>1 Gb/s dedicated per site)

    • MUPPET

    • NOBEL

    • EGEE6FP

    • COREGRID

    • HPC EUROPA and others


PROGRESS (3)

VLBI

ATLAS

HPC and IST project

HPC network (5+3)

OTHERS?


PROGRESS


VIRTUAL LABORATORY


VLBI PROJECT: Very Long Baseline Interferometry

PIONIER

GERMANY

PIWNICE K. TORUNIA

UNITED KINGDOM

RESULTS OF OBSERVATION 1Gb/s

DWINGELOO

(HOLAND)

EUROPEAN COORDINATION CENTER

RADIOTELESCOPE ALIGNMENT

GÉANT

ITALY

FINLAND


ATLAS PROJECT

Kraków

PIONIER

1 Gb/s


The future of PIONIER

  • How to make future-proof investments?

    • each of new fiber routes will be equipped with 2 pipes – new fibers can be added if needed

    • 1426 km, 2x40mm pipes with 6xG.655+18xG.652 fibers contracted in 2003

    • ~2300 km, 2x40mm pipes with 6xG.655+18xG.652 planned in 2005

  • PIONIER-based regional networks development

    • Interconnection of remote universities – possibility to create new MANs

    • 16 provinces prepare the regional network deployment

  • Interconnection to neighbouring networks

    • e-Region

    • Porta Optica


Installed fiber

PIONIER nodes

Fibers+pipes started in 2003

Fibers+pipes planned in 2004/2005

PIONIER nodes planned in 2004/2005

The future of PIONIER


MANs

Existings Universities

Planed Universities (opening in 2004)

Interconnection of new universities


Regional Network for Wielkopolska Province

  • Who we want to connect

    • 2289 schools

    • 761 libraries

    • 222 communes

  • Technologies

    • 2 455 km of fibre

    • 10 GE and GE switches

    • WiFi/WiMAX as access

  • Costs

    • total: 25 mln Euro

    • possibility of refund – 75% from EC structural funds


Regional Network for Lubuskie Province

  • Who we want to connect

    • 888 schools

    • 274 libraries

    • 78 communes

  • Technologies

    • 878 km of fibre

    • GE switches

    • WiFi/WiMAX as access

  • Costs

    • total: 11 mln Euro

    • possibility of refund – 75% from EC structural funds


PIONIER – e-Region

  • Three e-Regions already defined:

    • Cottbus – Zielona Gora (D-PL)

    • Ostrava – Bielsko Biala (CZ-PL)

    • Zilina – Bielsko Biala (SK-PL)

  • e-Region objectives:

  • Creation of a rational base and possibility of integrated work between institutions across the border, as defined by e-Europe. (...) education, medicine, natural disasters, information bases, protection of environment.

  • Enchancing the abilities of co-operation by developing new generation of services and applications.

  • Promoting the region in the Europe (as a micro scale of e-Europe concept)


PIONIER – „Porta Optica”

  • „PORTA OPTICA” - a distributed optical gateway to eastern neigbours of Poland (project proposal)

  • A chance for close cooperation in scientific projects, by the means of providing multichannel/multilambda Internet connections to the neighbouring countries.

  • An easy way to extend GÈANT/GN2 to Eastern European countries


e-Region

e-Region

e-Region

PIONIER – cooperation with neighbours

RUSSIA

LITHUANIA

PORTA

OPTICA

BELARUS

GERMANY

UKRAINE

CZECH REP.

SLOVAKIA


Questions?


Thank you!Artur Binczewski [email protected]


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