Chapter 6
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Chapter 6 . Vocabulary. powers shared by the national and state governments. concurrent powers. the introductory part of a document; a statement of purpose. preamble. the act of distributing something according to a plan. apportionment. an actual count of the people. census.

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Chapter 6

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Chapter 6

Chapter 6

Vocabulary


Powers shared by the national and state governments

powers shared by the national and state governments

concurrent powers


The introductory part of a document a statement of purpose

the introductory part of a document; a statement of purpose

preamble


The act of distributing something according to a plan

the act of distributing something according to a plan

apportionment


An actual count of the people

an actual count of the people

census


The head of the executive branch of state government

the head of the executive branch of state government

governor


Board of public works

group composed of the governor, secretary of state, state auditor, attorney general, statetreasurer, commissioner of agriculture, and state superintendent of schools

board of public works


The highest court in the state

the highest court in the state

supreme court of appeals


West virginia s trial court of record

West Virginia’s trial court of record

circuit court


A serious crime like robbery or murder that is punishable by a prison term

a serious crime, like robbery or murder, that is punishable by a prison term

felony


A crime less serious than a felony usually punishable by a sentence in a local jail

a crime less serious than a felony, usually punishable by a sentence in a local jail

misdemeanor


State court that has jurisdiction over most misdemeanors

state court that has jurisdiction over most misdemeanors,

magistrate court


Family court

state court that hears cases involving divorce, annulment, separate maintenance, family support, paternity, child custody, visitation, and domestic violence

family court


Spending more money than one has

spending more money than one has

deficit spending


Income from taxes and other sources

income from taxes and other sources

revenue


Amount spent

amount spent

expenditure


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a tax structure that divides income into brackets and taxes each bracket at a different rateWest Virginia

graduated income tax


A tax imposed on almost all retail sales

a tax imposed on almost all retail sales

sales tax


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a tax for items residents purchase from other states through mail-order firms, catalogs, and televisionshopping networks

use tax


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tax levied on specific products such as gasoline, beer, liquor, firearms, and cigarettes; sometimescalled a luxury tax

excise tax


A tax on the amount and value of the minerals and materials severed taken from the earth

a tax on the amount and value of the minerals and materials severed (taken) from the earth

severance tax


The center of a county government

the center of a county government

county seat


Land and permanent structures on land

land and permanent structures on land

real property


Movable items such as automobiles

movable items such as automobiles

personal property


The form of government for the state s counties commission has at least three members

the form of government for the state’s counties; commission has at least three members

county commission


The estimated worth of property

the estimated worth of property

property assessment


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law

statute


A political unit smaller than the county may be classified as a city town or village

a political unit smaller than the county; may be classified as a city, town, or village

municipality


Charter

similar to the state or federal constitution; includes the city’s official name, boundaries, and powers; official permission to operate something, such as a colony

charter


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council form-a form of municipal government in which the people elect both the mayor and councilmembers;

mayor


Council

manager form-a form of municipal government in which voters elect council members who set policyand pass ordinances and who hire a professional city manager to handle the city’s daily operation

council


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a form of municipal government in which voters elect individuals to specific administrativepositions,

commission form


The governing body for the school district consists of five members

the governing body for the school district; consists of five members

school board


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