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Incipient Stage Fire Extinguisher EducationOSHA 1910.157 (g)OSHA Susan Harwood Grant This material was produced under grant number SH-22248-11 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
During 2006-2010, an estimated 42,800 fires in industrial and manufacturing properties were reported to U.S. fire departments per year: These included:
“Training” for designated employees
1910.157(g)(3)The employer shall provide employees who have been designated to use fire fighting equipment as part of an emergency action plan with training in the use of the appropriate equipment.
"Training"means the process of making proficient through instruction and hands-on practice in the operation of equipment, including respiratory protection equipment, that is expected to be used and in the performance of assigned duties.
Letter of Interpretation: JULY 2, 1991, 1910.155(c)(141)
“OSHA does not require that fires actually must be started and extinguished to simulate emergency fire conditions during employee training.
"Hands-on" training does not necessarily mean "live fire" demonstration. However, when conducted, live-fire demonstrations should be conducted under qualified supervision at a facility appropriate for the purpose.
As a minimum, hands-on training should include the actual discharging of fire extinguishers appropriate for the type of fires expected, unracking of standpipe hoses, and test-sounding of fire alarm boxes.”
Fire Fighting & Equipment
Selecting appropriate equipment based on type of fire
Returning equipment to service
(after fire or training).
Activation of Fixed Fire Suppression System
Establishing a water supply for fire fighting operations.
Conserve Property (coverings)
“Incipient stage fire” A fire is considered to be beyond the incipient stage when the use of thermal protective clothing or self contained breathing apparatus is required or an industrial fire brigade member is required to crawl on the ground or floor to stay below smoke and heat.
"Incipient stage fire" means a fire which is in the initial or beginning stage and which can be controlled or extinguished by portable fire extinguishers, Class II standpipe or small hose systems without the need for protective clothing or breathing apparatus.
Fire requires 3 Elements
5 Categories of Fires
Learn to become aware of your surrounding…what’s in the room?
Lamp - Electrical
Plastic Chair – Fuel
Computer - Electrical
Paper - Fuel
Phone - Electrical
Wood Desk - Fuel
Note: Do not touch the plastic discharge horn on CO2 extinguishers, it gets very cold and may damage skin.
If you have the slightest doubt about your ability to fight a fire....EVACUATE IMMEDIATELY!
Pick up the Fire Extinguisher with your least favorite hand.
Support the bottom with your strong hand.
Quickly Check the Pressure Gauge
Pull the Pin (straight out)
Know what you are looking for….
A fully charged Fire Extinguisher has the arrow in the green section…
Remove the nozzle from the clip.
Hold the nozzle with your strong hand.
Carry the Extinguisher with your opposite hand.
Squeeze the handle gently to test the Extinguisher.
Begin your approach from a Safe Distance
Aim at the Base of the Fire
Sweep Back and Forth to cover the width of the fire
CLASS D FIRES (METAL)
Direct the nozzle so the agent falls directly onto the burning metal.
Close the nozzle valve to produce a soft, heavy flow and move closer to cover the fire area.
Do not disturb the agent and fire until it has cooled.
Look up, do you see these?
Name Plate, Instructions and Pull Ring
Nozzle or Horn
Pressure Indicating Device
Refer to Table L-1 for hydrostatic testing interval dates.
Testing must be performed by someone with suitable testing and equipment facilities.
Retain certification record for all testing.