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Service Learning. Reflection. Janet Eyler Vanderbilt University. Kolb’s Model of Learning. WHAT?. Concrete Experience. Reflective Observation. ACTION. REFLECTION. Active Experimentation. Abstract Conceptualization. NOW WHAT?. SO WHAT?.

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Service learning

Service Learning

Reflection

Janet Eyler

Vanderbilt University


Kolb s model of learning

Kolb’s Model of Learning

WHAT?

Concrete Experience

Reflective Observation

ACTION

REFLECTION

Active Experimentation

Abstract Conceptualization

NOW WHAT?

SO WHAT?


Service learning

To see what is in front of one’s nose needs a constant struggle.

- George Orwell

  • We do not learn from doing, we learn from thinking about what we do.

  • Northwest Service Academy

  • Experience is not what happens to people; it is what people do with

  • what happened to them.

    • - Aldous Huxley

Reflection is not simply ‘learning in the raw’ but making what

you learn make sense.

-Bruner 1996


Goals of reflection

Goals of Reflection

  • For Students:

    • Exploring impressions and feelings

    • Deep understanding of academic content; connecting theory with service

    • Applying learning to practice -- transfer

    • Challenging assumptions/ transforming perspectives

    • Stimulating cognitive development/ problem solving

    • Becoming self-aware -- metacognition

  • For Faculty and HE Student Affairs Pros:

    • Becoming reflective practitioners


Kolb model as scaffolding for designing reflection activities

Kolb Model as Scaffolding for Designing Reflection Activities

  • Can begin cycle at any point

  • Can use with in class experiences as well as field experience

  • Students can apply to their own reflective activities

Eyler reflecting on service


Applying kolb to s l reflection

Applying Kolb to S-L Reflection

  • Teacher led discussion

  • Student led discussion

  • Journal structure

  • Team presentations

  • Essay structure

  • S-L theater

Eyler reflecting on service


Research findings program quality matters

Research Findings: Program Quality Matters

First

Prize

  • Application of Content

  • Placement quality

  • Reflection

    • Writing

    • Discussion

  • Community Voice

  • Diversity

  • Duration/Intensity


Effective reflection based on research interviews with students

Effective ReflectionBased on Research Interviews with Students

  • Continuous

  • Connected

  • Challenging

  • Contextualized

Eyler reflecting on service


Your reflection map

Your Reflection Map

From: Eyler, J. (2001). Creating your reflection map. In M. Canada (Ed.) Service-learning: Practical advice and models. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

New Directions for Higher Education Series # 114, 35-43


Planning reflection

Planning Reflection

Compare experience

with expectations

Synthesis assign.

Kolb cycle paper

Letter to self

Draw expectation

Hopes/fears

Journals

Essays

E-journal

Stand/declare

Case study

Hopes/fears

Mixed Group

Discussion

S-L Theater

Class presentation

Lessons learned

Plan project

Asset mapping

Training

On site debrief

Supervisor feedback

Present project

Explore impact


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