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Demands for Civil Rights. Unit 5 Lesson 3. Objectives. Define key terms. Analyze the Plessy and Brown Supreme Court decisions. Compare the goals & strategies of early Civil Rights groups. Identify key events in the Civil Rights Movement. Warm Up.

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Define key terms.

Analyze the Plessyand Brown Supreme Court decisions.

Compare the goals & strategies of early Civil Rights groups.

Identify key events in the Civil Rights Movement.

warm up
Warm Up

What caused African Americans to demand greater civil rights after World War II?

Northern Migration – voting power in major cities

Role in WW2 labor

Reaction to Hitler’s racism

defining terms
Defining Terms
  • Segregation-
    • De Jure-
    • De Facto-
  • Stereotype-
  • Integration-
  • Prejudice-
  • Racism-
  • Jim Crow Laws-
defining terms1
Defining Terms
  • Segregation- separating ppl on basis of race
    • De Jure- legal segregation
    • De Facto- segregation as matter of custom
  • Stereotype- false notion about (racial/ethnic) group
  • Integration- to bring together
  • Prejudice- unwarranted bias
  • Racism- idea that race determines character/ability; fuels beliefs of superiority to & intolerance of others
  • Jim Crow Laws- segregated public spaces & amenities in the South after the Civil War
key supreme ct decisions
Key Supreme Ct Decisions

Plessy v Ferguson


Homer Plessy (1/8 black) arrested for violating segregation law b/c he bought ticket & boarded 1st class train.

Argued violation of 14th amendment (equal protection)

Ct ruled “separate but equal” facilities don’t infringe upon rights.

  • Brown v Topeka Bd of Ed
  • 1954
  • Linda Brown denied admission to all-white school near house…sent over 1 m away to all-black school.
  • NAACP - Violation 14th?
  • Ct ruled separate was never equal & ordered desegregation public schools.
    • “Southern Manifesto” – Congressional opposition to ruling as violation of states’ rights
timeline activity
Timeline Activity

Use your books and smartphones to place the key events in chronological order.

Also, write a “catch phrase” that will help you remember the significance of these events.

Hand in to bin when complete


Which event do you think is most important to the history of civil rights in the US? Explain why.