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Washington Naval Conference and its effects. By Yongmin Cho. W.N.C, A Solution to end the Arms Race?. Conducted in 1921 in Washinton D.C. A.K.A Post-war experiment at disarmament Sought to end the naval arms race between Britain, Japan and U.S by limiting of naval armament

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Washington Naval Conference and its effects

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Washington naval conference and its effects

Washington Naval Conference and its effects

By Yongmin Cho


W n c a solution to end the arms race

W.N.C, A Solution to end the Arms Race?

  • Conducted in 1921 in Washinton D.C.

  • A.K.A Post-war experiment at disarmament

  • Sought to end the naval arms race between Britain, Japan and U.S by limiting of naval armament

  • Major Naval Powers Attended

    • United States

    • British Kingdom

    • France

    • Italy

    • Japan


The spirit of the agreement

The Spirit of the Agreement

To…

  • Maintain Peace in the Pacific

  • Reduce burdens of armament in competition

  • Put an end to Japanese expansion


Letter of the agreement what did it accomplish

Letter of the Agreement: What did it accomplish?

  • Many Treaties…

    • Four Power Treaty

    • Five Power Treaty (Washington Naval Treaty)

    • Nine Power Treaty

  • In Summary,

    • Fleets were limited in size and armament

    • Ceased ‘battle ship’ production

    • Open Door Policy (free trade) in China


Immediate effects

Immediate Effects

  • From naval limitations, participating nations were able to save a lot of money

  • Calmed tensions in the Pacific and preserved peace in the 1920s

  • Britain and U.S. benefitted from abolition of Anglo – Japanese Alliance


Problems of the agreement and why it was not effective in the long run

Problems of the Agreement and why it was not effective in the long run!!

  • There were loopholes; with excess funds, nations constructed smaller, more effective vessels that were not touched in the letter of the agreement

  • Japan’s fleet was concentrated; it ultimately enabled Rise of Japanese Empire as a naval power leading up to WWII, after Japan ended participation in 1936


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