Effective Post Harvest Technologies in Ukraine
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Effective Post Harvest Technologies in Ukraine John Millns Lviv, Friday 8 th October 2010 Slides Courtesy of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), Part of the World Bank Group. Ukraine Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Market. Large market for fresh fruit and vegetables

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Large market for fresh fruit and vegetables > 5,5 million tons (2-2,5 billion USD)

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Large market for fresh fruit and vegetables 5 5 million tons 2 2 5 billion usd

Effective Post Harvest Technologies in UkraineJohn MillnsLviv, Friday 8th October 2010Slides Courtesy of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), Part of the World Bank Group


Large market for fresh fruit and vegetables 5 5 million tons 2 2 5 billion usd

Ukraine Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Market

  • Large market for fresh fruit and vegetables

  • > 5,5 million tons (2-2,5 billion USD)

  • Strong retail growth during the last 5 years and

  • retailers unable to keep up with growing demand

  • 30% of vegetables and 70% of fruit

  • sold by retailers are currently imported

  • Opportunities to increase local production

  • are significant, yet unrealized

  • Post harvest barriers to increase local production include:

  • Ineffective supply chains

  • Investment needed in storage and infrastructure

  • Huge losses ( 5 million tons per year)

  • as result of poor quality storage and transport


Key market channels for fresh produce

Key Market Channels for Fresh Produce

IFC estimates for2010 - Share of key channels for sale of fresh produce, % (*markets include summer street stands).


Losses in the supply chain

Losses in the Supply Chain


Large market for fresh fruit and vegetables 5 5 million tons 2 2 5 billion usd

Ukraine FFV Cool Chain Review (December 2009)

  • Main findings:

  • Large losses

  • Only 10% of storage facilities meet with modern requirements

  • Projected investment needed to replace outdated storages $2 billion


Ukraine ffv cool chain

Ukraine FFV Cool Chain

Large losses; Ukraine is losing around 5mn tons of harvested potatoes, vegetables and fruits, costing Ukrainian growers and traders over a billion US Dollars

Poor storage quality: Only 4% of cold storage for potatoes, 10% for vegetables, and 19% for fruits meets with modern requirements

Production is growing faster than storage capacity, placing pressure on markets after harvest


Ukraine ffv cool chain1

Ukraine FFV Cool Chain

Ukrainian firms currently spend about US$50mn on new storage facilities for fruits, vegetables and potatoes every year

A further US$2bn needs to be spent in FFV cool storage. Most of the new facilities are distribution centres for trade rather than storage.


Transport of fresh produce

Transport of Fresh Produce

In Ukraine, losses during transportation are much greater than in the EU for the following reasons:

1. High temperatures prior/during loading onto trucks

2. Poor packaging

3. Transportation without refrigeration

4. Transportation without isolation during cold season

5. Drivers often try save diesel turning off refrigeration

6. Poor quality roads

7. Multiple re-loading due to an unstructured market


Ukraine ffv cool chain2

Ukraine FFV Cool Chain

Existing cold storage for fruit and vegetables. Capacity (brown) vs. demand (red), thousand tons.


Estimated need for cool storage capacity

Estimated Need for Cool Storage Capacity


Viability of cold storage investment usd ha

Viability of cold storage investment (USD/ha)


Investment directions in the cool chain

Investment Directions in the Cool Chain

Over the next few years, demand for the following types of facilities are expected to grow:

  • Modern cold storage facilities at farm level for vegetables (as well as pre-cooling)

  • Controlled Atmosphere facilities at large fruit farms

  • Modern facilities near large cities, used as distribution centres for wholesalers, importers and retailers


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