Effective Post Harvest Technologies in Ukraine John Millns Lviv, Friday 8 th October 2010 Slides Courtesy of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), Part of the World Bank Group. Ukraine Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Market. Large market for fresh fruit and vegetables
Effective Post Harvest Technologies in UkraineJohn MillnsLviv, Friday 8th October 2010Slides Courtesy of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), Part of the World Bank Group
IFC estimates for2010 - Share of key channels for sale of fresh produce, % (*markets include summer street stands).
Large losses; Ukraine is losing around 5mn tons of harvested potatoes, vegetables and fruits, costing Ukrainian growers and traders over a billion US Dollars
Poor storage quality: Only 4% of cold storage for potatoes, 10% for vegetables, and 19% for fruits meets with modern requirements
Production is growing faster than storage capacity, placing pressure on markets after harvest
Ukrainian firms currently spend about US$50mn on new storage facilities for fruits, vegetables and potatoes every year
A further US$2bn needs to be spent in FFV cool storage. Most of the new facilities are distribution centres for trade rather than storage.
In Ukraine, losses during transportation are much greater than in the EU for the following reasons:
1. High temperatures prior/during loading onto trucks
2. Poor packaging
3. Transportation without refrigeration
4. Transportation without isolation during cold season
5. Drivers often try save diesel turning off refrigeration
6. Poor quality roads
7. Multiple re-loading due to an unstructured market
Existing cold storage for fruit and vegetables. Capacity (brown) vs. demand (red), thousand tons.
Over the next few years, demand for the following types of facilities are expected to grow: