The rise and spread of islam
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The Rise and Spread of Islam. The Rise and Spread of Islam. Time period: 632-present Location: Arabian Peninsula Founder: Mohamed Holy Book: Quran –written in Arabic. Words to Know. Islam submission to god Muslim person who follows Islam Allah god in Arabic Mosque

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The Rise and Spread of Islam

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The Rise and Spread of Islam


The Rise and Spread of Islam

  • Time period:

    632-present

  • Location:

    Arabian Peninsula

  • Founder:

    Mohamed

  • Holy Book:

    Quran –written in Arabic


Words to Know

  • Islam

    submission to god

  • Muslim

    person who follows Islam

  • Allah

    god in Arabic

  • Mosque

    Muslim place of worship


Mohamed/Muhammad

  • founder of Islam

  • 570-Born in the city of Mecca

  • Mecca= busy trading city on the Arabian Peninsula

  • successful businessman who led camel caravans along Arabian trade routes


had visions of the Angel Gabriel, who told him to recite the word of god

Mohamed’s teachings were collected and written in the Quran

Mohamed/Muhammad


Mohamed/Muhammad

  • 622-forced to leave Mecca for the city of Medina

  • this move is called thehejira

  • he created the first Islamic city-state in Medina

  • 630 -returned and invaded Mecca

  • 632-death of Mohamed


Beliefs/Traditions

  • Five Pillars of Islam

  • These are the main religious duties of Muslims

  • There will definitely be a question on the Regents about the 5 Pillars, so you better know them!


Five Pillars of Islam

  • Shadah

    belief in one god

  • Salat

    prayer 5 times a day

  • Siyam

    to fast from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan


Five Pillars of Islam

  • Zakat

    giving to charity and the poor every year

  • Hajj

    pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia once in a Muslim’s life


Spread of Islam

  • Following the death of Mohamed …

    Islam experienced rapid expansion in Afro Eurasia

  • Muslim armies marched across WE until they were defeated in France, Battle of Tours, 732

  • By the 1400’s, Muslim Empire extended from Spain to India


Rapid Expansion of the Islamic Empire , 7th-8th C

  • 636-Damascus became capital city (ME)

  • 638-Jerusalem (ME)

  • 640-Cyprus (ME)

  • 640-Alexandria,Egypt (AF)

  • 670-Muslim blockade of Constantinople (EE)


Rapid Expansion of the Islamic Empire , 7th-8th C

  • 697-Carthage (AF)

  • 711-Toledo, capital of Spain (WE)

  • 718- all of Spain (WE)

  • 732-southern France until defeated at Battle of Tours (WE)


Umayyad Dynasty 661-750

  • Capital city at Damascus (Syria, SWA)

  • Arabicbecame language of many conquered people and helped unify them under Islam

  • camel and horse cavalries were faster than traditional armies; empire expanded quickly


Umayyad Dynasty 661-750

  • How did the Ummayads treat the people they conquered?

  • allowed people to follow own belief systems and culture

  • non-Muslims sometimes paid higher taxes

  • Jews and Christians held important gov’t. positions

  • many people converted to Islam in the late 8th century


Umayyad Dynasty 661-750

  • For several centuries, most people in the Islamic Empire were neither Muslim or Arab.

  • Cross regional and cultural exchange occurred for many years among Christians, Jews, Muslims and polytheistic people.


Hagia Sophia- Istanbul, Turkey


Dome of the Rock-Jerusalem, Israel


Shah Faisal Mosque – Islamabad, Pakistan


Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain

(now a Catholic Cathedral)


African Mosquein Nigeria


Qutb Minar-New Delhi,India


Kaaba—Mecca, Saudi Arabia


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