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OSHA 10 Review. General Introduction. Why OSHA -10. Reference: 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership by John Maxwell. History of OSHA. Why the need for oversight 1970 13,870 More workers died each year than the population of Alexandria and Glenwood Minnesota.

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OSHA 10 Review

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Osha 10 review

OSHA 10 Review


General introduction

General Introduction


Why osha 10

Why OSHA -10

Reference: 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership by John Maxwell


History of osha

History of OSHA

  • Why the need for oversight

    • 1970 13,870

      • More workers died each year than the population of Alexandria and Glenwood Minnesota.

    • 2.2 million could not work due to injuries

      • Paris, France boasts a population of 2.2 million

      • Houston, Texas boast a population of roughly 2 million

      • Toronto, Canada boast a population of 2.7 million

    • 2010 - 4,690 worksite fatalities

    • Is awareness working?


Osha standards

OSHA Standards

  • OSHA -1910 General Industry

  • OSHA -1926 Construction

  • OSHA -1915, 1917, 1918 Maritime

  • OSHA -1928 Agriculture

    Which standard governs our industry?


Who is not covered by osha

Who is Not Covered by OSHA

  • Self employed

  • Family farm

    • Outside hired help is covered by OSHA

    • Family members only

  • Mine workers

    • Covered by MSHA

  • A few isolated transportation segments

  • Atomic energy workers

    • Covered by other Federal Agencies

Reference: OSHA 10 General Industry Training Slides Alexandria Technical College


Minnesota specifics

Minnesota Specifics

  • Must develop an AWAIR program.

    • Workplace accident and injury reduction

  • Employee Right To Know

    • Must have an annual refresher training (OSHA requires initial training)

  • Employer paid PPE’s

    • Federal final rules also require employer paid PPE’s

  • Safety Committees

    • All firms with more than 25 employees must have a safety committee


Minnesota specifics cont

Minnesota Specifics (cont)

  • Recordkeeping

    • Requires all employers to use OSHA 300 logs

  • Confined Spaces

    • Adopted the use of permitting for all Minnesota workers

  • Lockout / Tagout

    • MN has its own Lockout/Tagout procedures for construction industry.

      Reference: http://www.dli.mn.gov/OSHA/FedState.asp


Employee rights

Employee Rights

  • Right to a safe and healthful workspace

    • Examples: machine guarding, noise levels, hazardous chemical protection

  • Right to know about Hazardous Chemicals

    • Examples: written program, container labeling, MSDS

  • Right to information about injuries and illnesses

    • Examples: OSHA 301, 300 &300a

    • Retain records for 5 years

      Reference: OSHA 10 General Industry Training Slides Alexandria Technical College


Employee rights cont

Employee Rights (cont)

  • Right to complain or request hazard correction

    • Without fear of discharge or discrimination

  • Right to receive training on a variety of H&S subjects

    • Examples: ERTK, LOTO, PPE’s, Confined Spaces

  • Right to file a complaint with OSHA

  • Right to examine exposure and medical records

Reference: Ibid


Employee rights cont1

Employee Rights (cont)

  • Right to participate in an OSHA inspection

    • Talk with the OSHA inspector privately

    • Request inspection results

    • Object to correction dates

  • Right to be free from retaliation

  • Employee responsibilities

    • Follow all safety rules, health rules

    • Wear all required PPE’s

Reference: Ibid


Employer responsibilities

Employer Responsibilities

  • Utilize “best practices” while maintaining the health and safety of all workers

  • Provide engineered controls

    • What is an engineered control?

  • Provide administrative controls

    • What is an administrative control?

  • Provide PPE’s

  • Comply with OSHA’s General Duty Clause

    • This clause covers issues not specifically addressed in 29 CFR 1910.

      • Example: Ergonomics


Employer responsibilities1

Employer Responsibilities

  • Provide training

    • ERTK, Fire extinguisher use, LOTO, Bloodborne Pathogens and so on.

  • Keep records of injuries and illnesses

    • Report worker deaths within 8hrs

    • Report occurrences where 3 or more workers are hospitalized

    • Train workers how & where to report injuries

    • Make records available to OSHA and employees

    • Post OSHA 300 log

      Reference: Ibid


Employer responsibilities cont

Employer Responsibilities (cont)

  • Provide medical exams when required

  • Post OSHA citation(s) and corrective actions

  • Provide and pay for PPE’s

    • Example: Safety glasses, hard hats, hearing protection, etc.

    • There are some exceptions: Slip Resistant Footwear is not covered under 1910 (I)


Surviving an osha inspection

Surviving an OSHA Inspection


Surviving an osha inspection1

Surviving an OSHA Inspection

  • 4 reasons you may have an OSHA inspection

    • Imminent Danger

      • Probably cause – a known danger exists

      • Example: driving by a worksite without fall protection

    • Fatality/Catastrophe

      • Significant injury reported to OSHA

    • Complaints

      • Employee complaints/Employee representative complaint

    • Program inspection

      • Companies with significantly high injury or illness rates

Reference: Ibid


Surviving an osha inspection2

Surviving an OSHA inspection

  • Opening meeting:

    • Presentation of Credentials – if they don’t show them ask for them

    • Explanation of why/how OSHA chose this facility

    • Obtain company hazard documentation

    • Explanation of the procedures, scope, and purpose of the visit


Surviving an osha inspection cont

Surviving an OSHA Inspection (cont)

  • Worksite inspection

    • If they write a note, you write a note

    • If they take a picture you take a picture

    • Ask a maintenance worker to accompany you and fix things during inspection

    • They may interview employees

    • They may monitor air, noise, and other substantial hazards

    • Be polite! You are a professional and they are professionals


Surviving an osha inspection cont1

Surviving an OSHA Inspection (cont)

  • Closing meeting

    • Discuss violations and correction deadlines

    • Employers rights and responsibilities

  • Citations

    • Citations are mailed

    • Citations fall into 4 categories

      • Willful, Fines up to 70K

      • Serious, Fines up to 7K

      • Non Serious, Fines up to 7K

      • Repeat offender, Fines up to 70K

    • Citations can be negotiated

      • Example: An item found to be out of compliance but repaired on site by a maintenance staff member at the time of inspection could be negotiated for a smaller fine.

Reference: Ibid


Top 10 most frequently cited standards

Top 10 Most Frequently Cited Standards.

  • Scaffolding - Construction

  • Fall Protection - Construction

  • HazCom (ERTK) - General Industry

  • Respiratory Protection - General Industry

  • Lockout/Tagout - General Industry

  • Electrical wiring and components - General Industry

  • Lift Equipment - General Industry

  • Ladders - Construction

  • Electrical Systems Design - General Industry

  • Machines - General Industry

    Reference: OSHA.gov


Standards

Standards


Employee protection 1910 i

Employee Protection 1910 (I)

  • Three ways to protect the employee

    • Engineered controls

      • Example: a furniture factory with a significant amount dust in the air:

        • Ventilation

        • Dust collection system

        • Air filtration system

    • Administrative controls

      • Example: a building maintenance firm whose employees routinely set 300 chairs and put down 300 chairs.

        • Job rotation

        • Training


Ppe s

PPE’s

  • Last line of defense

  • Employers must establish a PPE program that includes

    • Set up procedure for selecting PPE’s

    • Assess work site hazards

    • Establish a training program

      • When to use PPE’s

      • How to properly use the PPE’s

      • Limitations

      • Proper care and maintenance


Types of ppe s

Types of PPE’s

  • Eye protection

    • Face shields, goggles, safety glasses, welding helmets, eye wash stations

  • Respiratory protection

    • Respirator

  • Head protection

    • Hard hat, bump hats

  • Hearing protection

    • Ear muffs, canal caps, ear plugs


Types of ppe s cont

Types of PPE’s (cont)

  • Footwear

    • Metatarsal guards, steel toe, safety shoe, rubber boots

  • Hand protection

    • Kevlar, nitril, viton, butyl, mesh gloves

  • Body protection

    • Cooling vest, sleeves and apron, coveralls, full body suit


Scenarios

Scenarios

  • Maintenance worker servicing an air handler

    • What type of engineered controls should be in place?

    • What type of administrative controls should be in place?

    • What type of PPE’s are needed?


Scenarios cont

Scenarios (cont.)

  • Maintenance worker stripping a floor

    • What type of engineered controls should be in place?

    • What type of administrative controls should be in place?

    • What type of PPE’s are needed?


Scenarios cont1

Scenarios (cont.)

  • Maintenance worker adding chemicals to a steam boiler

    • What type of engineered controls should be in place?

    • What type of administrative controls should be in place?

    • What type of PPE’s are needed?


Scenarios cont2

Scenarios (cont.)

  • Maintenance worker entering a confined space

    • What type of engineered controls should be in place?

    • What type of administrative controls should be in place?

    • What type of PPE’s are needed?


Standards continued

Standards Continued


Haz com ertk 1910 1200

HAZ Com (ERTK) 1910.1200

  • Chemical exposure can cause

    • Heart ailments, central nervous system damage, kidney and lung damage, sterility, cancer, burns, and rashes.

  • Chemicals also have the ability to cause

    • Fires, explosions, and other accidents

  • Employers must provide

    • Written program

    • Container labeling

    • SDS (Safety Data Sheets)

    • Training

Reference: Ibid


Safety data sheets

Safety Data Sheets

  • All SDS will contain a user friendly 16 section format

  • As of June 2015 all labels will contain a pictogram, a signal work, hazard and precautionary statements, product identifier, and supplier identification

  • What does this mean for managers:

    • All employees must be trained to read new labels and SDS sheets, by December 1, 2013.

    • All labeling and SDS communication must be updated by June 2016.

    • A great exercise for your staff is to copy numerous SDS sheets and have them find various items. Examples: Specific gravity, PH, PPE’s, manufacturer, health hazards, emergency response

  • For more information about chemicals and chemical safety, log on to Dashirmanagement.com and click on the managers tab.


Ergonomics

Ergonomics

  • Covered under the general duties clause

  • 63% of muscle related injuries are due to repetitive motion.

    • What types of repetitive jobs do your employees perform everyday?

  • Common issues:

    • Carpal tunnel, low back pain, eye strain, tendinitis, trigger finger, De Quervains disease, carpet layers knee, herniated disk, hand arm vibration syndrome

Reference: Ibid


Controlling ergonomics hazards

Controlling Ergonomics Hazards

  • Investigate

    • What type of worksite hazards exist

  • Develop/Implement a plan

    • Install engineered/administrative controls

    • Develop safe work practices

    • Reduce exposure

  • Provide PPE’s when needed

  • Encourage

    • Stretching

    • Neutral position

    • Limit jerking and awkward movements


Machine guarding 1910 o

Machine Guarding 1910(O)

  • Top Three Machine Guarding Hazards

    • Point of Operation

      • Drill press bit

      • Table saw blade

    • Rotating parts

      • Belts and pulleys

      • Cranks and gears

    • Other moving parts

      • Sliding

      • Conveyor

  • Thinking about this list: What types of machines do we work with which could pose a hazard to our employees?


Safe guarding

Safe Guarding

  • There are 14 classifications of safe guards

    • Fixed guard

      • Provides a permanent barrier. Example: cover on a belt and pulley

    • Interlocked guard

    • Adjustable guards

      • Guards that adjust to allow various types of work to be done. Example: Band saw or scroll saw guard.

Reference: Ibid


Safe guarding cont

Safe Guarding (cont.)

  • Self Adjusting guard

    • Adjusts with the size of stock entering the machine. Example: Table saw

  • Pullback Device

  • Restraint Device

  • Tripwire cables

  • Two handed controls

    • Requires constant concurrent pressure to start the machine

Reference: Ibid


Safe guarding cont1

Safe Guarding (cont.)

  • Gates

  • Robots

  • Location/Distance

  • Auto-feed

  • Protective Shields

  • Holding Tools

Reference: Ibid


Electrical 1910 s

Electrical 1910(S)

  • Discussion:

    • What types of accidents can occur while working with electricity?

    • What can we do to safeguard our employees against electrical accidents?

  • For more information about electrical safety or LOTO see Manager’s tab on Dashir’s website.


Standards continued1

Standards Continued


Combustion flammability fire safety emergency preparedness 1910 e l

Combustion, Flammability & Fire Safety, Emergency Preparedness 1910 (E, L, )

  • Terms:

    • Flashpoint: the temperature at which a liquid will ignite.

    • Combustible liquids: liquids which ignite at or above 100 degrees

    • Flammable liquids: liquids which ignite at or below 99 degrees

  • What are some examples of flammable liquids?

    Reference: Ibid


Flammable and combustible liquids

Flammable and Combustible Liquids

  • Control the source of ignition

    • Example: No smoking near flammable or combustible liquids

    • Other concerns: Static electricity (bonding – provide for ground), welding, open flames

    • Provide proper ventilation

  • Utilize proper storage procedures

    • Proper storage containers and/or cabinets

    • For more information consult with your local department of public safety.

      Reference: Ibid


Flammable and combustible liquids1

Flammable and Combustible Liquids

  • Transfer of flammable or combustible liquids

    • An approved storage container must have__________ to meet OSHA requirements?

      • A spring closing lid and spout cover

      • Safety device to relieve pressure in case of fire

      • Flame arrestor

      • A UL Listing

      • Not more than 5 gallons of fuel

        Reference: Ibid


Fire control prevention

Fire Control/Prevention

  • Have a written plan

    • Detail known hazards, such as chemicals, fuel storage and so on

    • Train plan stake holders in their duties

  • Explain to employees: exit routes, and gathering points, have well illuminated and unobstructed exit point

  • Good housekeeping

    • Control accumulation of flammable and combustible waste

      Reference: Ibid


Fire extinguishers

Fire Extinguishers

  • Five types of extinguishers:

    • Class A, ordinary combustibles: wood, cloth, paper.

    • Class B, flammable liquids, gas or grease: gasoline, propane, solvents

    • Class C, energized electrical equipment: wiring, controls, appliances

    • Class D, combustible metals: magnesium, lithium, titanium

    • Class K, cooking media: vegetable or animal oils, fat


Fire extinguisher classifications

Fire Extinguisher Classifications

http://njfireequip.com/site/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/fire-classes.gif


Questions

Questions


Further study

Further Study

  • OSHA Publications:

    • http://www.osha.gov/pls/publications/publication.html

  • Dashir Management Publications

    • Dashirmanagement.com

    • Click on the managers tab to view Health and Safety slide shows.


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