Adapting to climate change. Jonathan Suk 30 June 2010. Drivers of emerging infectious diseases. Main categories of drivers associated with emergence and re-emergence of human pathogens. Rank*Driver. 1Changes in land use or agricultural practices.
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Adapting to climate change
30 June 2010
Main categories of drivers associated with emergence and re-emergence of human pathogens
1Changes in land use or agricultural practices
2Changes in human demographics and society
3Poor population health, e.g. HIV, malnutrition
4Hospitals and medial procedures
5Pathogen evolution, e.g. antimicrobial drug resistance, increased virulence
6Contamination of food sources or water supplies
8Failure of public health programmes
* Ranked by the number of pathogen species associated with them (most to least).
Source: Woolhouse, M.E.J. & Gowtage-Sequeria, S. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2005, Vol. 11(12): 1842-1847.
*Disease not currently prevalent in continental EU region
Current distribution of Aedes albopictus in the EU
Source: Schaffner, F. Development of Aedesalbopictus risk maps. TigerMaps project. ECDC, Stockholm 2008. (Forthcoming.)
Direct exposures(heat stroke, drowning…)
Indirect exposures(vector-borne diseases, other infectious diseases)
Socio-economic impacts(homelessness, refugees…)
Working group, reference group, etc
Climate, diseases, vulnerability factors
Vulnerability and impacts
Adaptive strategies and measures
Impacts and measures
Probability of an outbreak/strength of climate change-disease relationship
Weighted significance of climate change on the transmission of a specific infectious disease in an area
Severity of consequence for society risk group