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Name, Location, Climate, Landforms, and Regions of Pennsylvania. Lesson 1. 5 Themes of Geography. 1. L ocation – location of city or your community 2. P lace – where something is in relation to its surroundings ex. City in contrast to smaller communities

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Name, Location, Climate, Landforms, and Regions of Pennsylvania

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Name, Location, Climate, Landforms, and Regions of Pennsylvania

Lesson 1


5 Themes of Geography

  • 1. Location – location of city or your community

  • 2. Place – where something is in relation to its surroundings ex. City in contrast to smaller communities

  • 3. Human-Environment Interaction – how people depend on the environment or change land

  • 4. Movement – connection between places and patterns of movement

  • 5. Region – ex. Tourist, political, business, rural, urban, suburban, or even school district


Vocabulary – 3 minutes to copy into your notes, leave spaces between words

  • Square mile

  • Humid continental

  • Nor’easter

  • Drought

  • Lake Effect

  • Regions

  • Landforms

  • Plain

  • Ridge

  • Plateau

  • Watershed

  • Wetlands

  • Hydroelectric power

  • Natural resource

  • Renewable

  • Non renewable

  • Loam

  • Fossil fuels

  • Anthracite

  • bituminous


  • 1681 – name of state provided by William Penn and the King of England.

    • Penn wanted to call colony “Sylvania” (woods)

    • King added Penn in honor of William’s father

      • Penn’s woods

  • Commonwealth – founded for the common good or wealth of its people

    • Pennsylvania is one of only four states that carry title – Massachusetts, Virginia, and Kentucky


View with surrounding states and waterways


Location

  • Pennsylvania is 45,333 square miles

    • Square mile – a distance calculated by multiplying one mile in width by one mile in length

  • 302 miles wide and 158 miles length


Climate

  • Humid continental – type of climate that offers four distinct seasons – winter, spring, summer, fall

  • Adequate rainfall and is suitable for farming

  • Average temperatures

    • July – 76 ̊ in southeast, 68 ̊ along Lake Erie

    • December – 31 ̊ in southeast, 24 ̊ along Lake Erie

    • Record high – 111 ̊ Record low - -42 ̊


Landforms and Regions

  • 5 distinctive geographic regions

    • Regions – Areas which have at least one characteristic

    • Each region has common landforms and elevations

    • Landform – land surfaces with natural features such as plains, hills, valleys, mountains, plateaus.


5 Landform Regions of Pennsylvania


← ATLANTIC COASTAL PLAIN


Atlantic Coastal Plain

  • Along Eastern Coast of United States

  • Elevation ranges from 26 feet above sea level to sea level

  • Contains the city of Philadelphia


PIEDMONT


Piedmont

  • Southeast region between Philadelphia and Harrisburg

  • Reaches elevation of 600 feet above sea level

  • Includes some of the most fertile soil in the United States

  • Allentown, Reading, Lancaster, York

  • Farms, fields, and forests


RIDGE AND VALLEY


Ridge and Valley

  • Hills – land with a rounded elevation

  • Ridges – a range of hills or mountains

  • Valleys – long depressions between ranges of hills or mountains

  • Contains the Appalachian Mountains – mountain chain that runs from Georgia to Maine

  • Ridges and valleys have individual names


  • Mt. Davis – state’s highest elevation at 3,213 feet above sea level, located in southern Somerset County

  • Pennsylvania mountains are low in elevation to other parts of the country


ALLEGHENY PLATEAU


Allegheny Plateau

  • Covers 60% of Pennsylvania

  • Plateau – an elevated section of land that is relatively level in elevation

    • Elevations range from 700 to 2,500 feet

  • Pocono Mountains – formed by glacial forces


←ERIE PLAIN


Erie Plain

  • Northwest corner of state along Lake Erie

    • Only 4 miles wide, stretching from shoreline

  • Soil is rich in sand and silt

  • Erie – Pennsylvania’s third largest city


Packet Questions

  • Lesson 1 – questions 1, 4, 5, 6 & 7

  • Lesson 2 – questions 1, 3, 4 & 5

  • Lesson 3 – questions 2, 3, 5 & 6

  • Lesson 4 – questions 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 & 11


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