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BELLWORK. Grab a handout from the front stool on “The Importance of Moveable Type.” Then, answer the following questions: Who was Johann Gutenberg? Why were errors common in books that were copied by hand? According to Chamberlin, what was Gutenberg’s unique contribution to printing?

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Bellwork
BELLWORK

  • Grab a handout from the front stool on “The Importance of Moveable Type.” Then, answer the following questions:

  • Who was Johann Gutenberg?

  • Why were errors common in books that were copied by hand?

  • According to Chamberlin, what was Gutenberg’s unique contribution to printing?

  • Why was metal better than wood for making type?

  • How did printing increase the spread of ideas?

  • THINKER: As you know, Renaissance values were individualism and secularism. What would YOU consider to be American’s values in today’s society?


Renaissance review
Renaissance Review…..

  • Where did the Renaissance start? Why did it start here?

  • Why were Venice and Milan important?

  • Who was the Medici family?

  • Who were the famous Renaissance artists? Renaissance writers?

  • What do you think “separation of church and state” means?


Medieval renaissance art

Medieval & Renaissance Art

What were the differences between Medieval and Renaissance Art?


Medieval art
Medieval Art

  • Artists depicted subjects in an unrealistic two dimensional style to indicate the importance of the soul over the body


Characteristics of renaissance art
Characteristics of Renaissance Art

  • Three dimensional

  • Realistic

  • Lifelike

  • Influenced by Greco-Roman culture

  • Use of oil paint

    “Baptism of Christ” (Da Vinci)



Giotto madonna and child enthroned with saints
Giotto.Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints




Italian renaissance artists
Italian Renaissance Artists

  • Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Michelangelo

  • Raphael

  • Donatello


Leonardo da vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Da Vinci was considered the “Renaissance Man”

  • Was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and a scientist

    (The Vitruvian Man, 1485)


Leonardo da vinci the last supper
Leonardo Da Vinci“The Last Supper”


Leonardo da vinci mona lisa
Leonardo Da Vinci“Mona Lisa”


Raphael the school of athens
Raphael“The School of Athens”


Raphael the alba madonna
Raphael“The Alba Madonna”


Michelangelo the sistine chapel
Michelangelo“The Sistine Chapel”


Michelangelo the sistine chapel1
Michelangelo“The Sistine Chapel”


Michelangelo david
Michelangelo“David”


Michelangelo pieta
Michelangelo“Pieta”


Donatello bronze david
Donatellobronze “David”

  • First unsupported standing work in bronze during the Renaissance period


Renaissance writers
Renaissance Writers

  • Began to use the vernacular (vernacular = the native language) instead of classical Latin

  • Machiavelli, wrote “The Prince”– a handbook for behavior

  • Make a prediction  What were Renaissance authors writing about?


Machiavelli
Machiavelli

  • Machiavelli was a political philosopher

  • “The Prince” advised kings how to rule

  • Within the Machiavellian way of thinking, people questioned the corruption of the government & church


William shakespeare
William Shakespeare

  • The best known Renaissance writer was William Shakespeare

  • Between 1590 and 1613 he wrote 37 plays that are still preformed around the world


The printing revolution
The Printing Revolution

  • In 1456, Johann Gutenberg printed the bible using movable metal type on a machine called a Printing Press

  • Printed books became cheap and easier to produce

  • Now, readers gained access to broad range of knowledge (Medicine to Religion)

  • The printing press would greatly contribute to the Reformation of the church.


Renaissance values
Renaissance Values

  • Within society, many of the citizens during the Renaissance shared a set of values or beliefs.

  • Humanism

  • Individualism

  • Skepticism

  • Well-Roundedness

  • Secularism

  • Classicism


Values reflected
Values Reflected

  • In buildings, writing, painting, sculpture, and science.

  • Every aspect of their lives

  • Adapted from Greco-Roman culture

  • Many have been passed on to modern Americans


Renaissance values1
Renaissance Values

  • To understand these vales a little better, you are going to be broken into six groups.

  • Each group is going to read about a Renaissance value and create a poster.

  • Your poster must define the value and include pictures, facts, information, and color.

  • You must also answer the question: “Why was this value important to the Renaissance?”

  • Have fun with this! Be creative!

  • When everyone is finished, you will present the posters and the class will take notes on each value.

  • Remember: you are teaching the class about this value so it better make sense!


Humanism
Humanism

  • Francesco Petrarch led early development of Humanism

  • A belief that the human being is the measure of all things.

  • People and their activities are important and interesting

  • Life should be lived to the fullest


Individualism
Individualism

  • To be one’s self and to think for themselves was a good thing

  • Were ambitious for fame and wealth

  • Believed that humans could achieve great things

  • Encouraged curiosity and adventure


Skeptism
Skeptism

  • A questioning attitude

  • Seen as a good thing to:

    • Try new things

    • Experiment

    • Shake up the system


Well roundedness
Well-Roundedness

  • The ideal person was:

    • Educated

    • Witty

    • Charming

    • Artistic

  • Should be interested in many things and active in many fields


Secularism
Secularism

  • Means worldliness or a belief in the importance of this life on earth

  • Making money, traveling, and making your home comfortable are secular activities

  • Spirit of the Renaissance was more secular than religious


Classicism
Classicism

  • Interest in the classical age (ancient Greeks and Romans)

  • During the classical age people were also secular, individualistic, humanistic, and questioning

  • People looked back to their roots for values


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