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BELLWORK PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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BELLWORK. Grab a handout from the front stool on “The Importance of Moveable Type.” Then, answer the following questions: Who was Johann Gutenberg? Why were errors common in books that were copied by hand? According to Chamberlin, what was Gutenberg’s unique contribution to printing?

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  • Grab a handout from the front stool on “The Importance of Moveable Type.” Then, answer the following questions:

  • Who was Johann Gutenberg?

  • Why were errors common in books that were copied by hand?

  • According to Chamberlin, what was Gutenberg’s unique contribution to printing?

  • Why was metal better than wood for making type?

  • How did printing increase the spread of ideas?

  • THINKER: As you know, Renaissance values were individualism and secularism. What would YOU consider to be American’s values in today’s society?

Renaissance Review…..

  • Where did the Renaissance start? Why did it start here?

  • Why were Venice and Milan important?

  • Who was the Medici family?

  • Who were the famous Renaissance artists? Renaissance writers?

  • What do you think “separation of church and state” means?

Medieval & Renaissance Art

What were the differences between Medieval and Renaissance Art?

Medieval Art

  • Artists depicted subjects in an unrealistic two dimensional style to indicate the importance of the soul over the body

Characteristics of Renaissance Art

  • Three dimensional

  • Realistic

  • Lifelike

  • Influenced by Greco-Roman culture

  • Use of oil paint

    “Baptism of Christ” (Da Vinci)

Enthroned Madonna and Child , 1280

Giotto.Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints

The School of Athens

The Alba Madonna

Italian Renaissance Artists

  • Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Michelangelo

  • Raphael

  • Donatello

Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Da Vinci was considered the “Renaissance Man”

  • Was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and a scientist

    (The Vitruvian Man, 1485)

Leonardo Da Vinci“The Last Supper”

Leonardo Da Vinci“Mona Lisa”

Raphael“The School of Athens”

Raphael“The Alba Madonna”

Michelangelo“The Sistine Chapel”

Michelangelo“The Sistine Chapel”



Donatellobronze “David”

  • First unsupported standing work in bronze during the Renaissance period

Renaissance Writers

  • Began to use the vernacular (vernacular = the native language) instead of classical Latin

  • Machiavelli, wrote “The Prince”– a handbook for behavior

  • Make a prediction  What were Renaissance authors writing about?


  • Machiavelli was a political philosopher

  • “The Prince” advised kings how to rule

  • Within the Machiavellian way of thinking, people questioned the corruption of the government & church

William Shakespeare

  • The best known Renaissance writer was William Shakespeare

  • Between 1590 and 1613 he wrote 37 plays that are still preformed around the world

The Printing Revolution

  • In 1456, Johann Gutenberg printed the bible using movable metal type on a machine called a Printing Press

  • Printed books became cheap and easier to produce

  • Now, readers gained access to broad range of knowledge (Medicine to Religion)

  • The printing press would greatly contribute to the Reformation of the church.

Renaissance Values

  • Within society, many of the citizens during the Renaissance shared a set of values or beliefs.

  • Humanism

  • Individualism

  • Skepticism

  • Well-Roundedness

  • Secularism

  • Classicism

Values Reflected

  • In buildings, writing, painting, sculpture, and science.

  • Every aspect of their lives

  • Adapted from Greco-Roman culture

  • Many have been passed on to modern Americans

Renaissance Values

  • To understand these vales a little better, you are going to be broken into six groups.

  • Each group is going to read about a Renaissance value and create a poster.

  • Your poster must define the value and include pictures, facts, information, and color.

  • You must also answer the question: “Why was this value important to the Renaissance?”

  • Have fun with this! Be creative!

  • When everyone is finished, you will present the posters and the class will take notes on each value.

  • Remember: you are teaching the class about this value so it better make sense!


  • Francesco Petrarch led early development of Humanism

  • A belief that the human being is the measure of all things.

  • People and their activities are important and interesting

  • Life should be lived to the fullest


  • To be one’s self and to think for themselves was a good thing

  • Were ambitious for fame and wealth

  • Believed that humans could achieve great things

  • Encouraged curiosity and adventure


  • A questioning attitude

  • Seen as a good thing to:

    • Try new things

    • Experiment

    • Shake up the system


  • The ideal person was:

    • Educated

    • Witty

    • Charming

    • Artistic

  • Should be interested in many things and active in many fields


  • Means worldliness or a belief in the importance of this life on earth

  • Making money, traveling, and making your home comfortable are secular activities

  • Spirit of the Renaissance was more secular than religious


  • Interest in the classical age (ancient Greeks and Romans)

  • During the classical age people were also secular, individualistic, humanistic, and questioning

  • People looked back to their roots for values

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