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All fungi. make their food. absorb their food. produce mushrooms. have chlorophyll. Fungi do NOT. carry on photosynthesis. grow on their food source. digest food outside their bodies. absorb food through their cell walls. Fungi resemble plants in that they both always. have stems.

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All fungi l.jpg
All fungi

  • make their food.

  • absorb their food.

  • produce mushrooms.

  • have chlorophyll.


Fungi do not l.jpg
Fungi do NOT

  • carry on photosynthesis.

  • grow on their food source.

  • digest food outside their bodies.

  • absorb food through their cell walls.


Fungi resemble plants in that they both always l.jpg
Fungi resemble plants in that they both always

  • have stems.

  • grow from the ground.

  • are multicellular.

  • have cell walls.


A mushroom is a fungal l.jpg
A mushroom is a fungal

  • fruiting body.

  • lichen.

  • mycorrhiza.

  • yeast.



Fungal hyphae shown in figure 21 1 differ in that some lack l.jpg
Fungal hyphae, shown in Figure 21–1, differ in that some lack

  • cell walls.

  • cross walls.

  • nuclei.

  • cytoplasm.


Most fungi reproduce l.jpg
Most fungi reproduce lack

  • asexually only.

  • sexually only.

  • both sexually and asexually.

  • by budding.


Stinkhorns which mimic the odor of rotting meat have spores that are dispersed by l.jpg
Stinkhorns, which mimic the odor of rotting meat, have spores that are dispersed by

  • wind.

  • birds.

  • snow.

  • flies.


When hyphae of opposite mating types meet they first l.jpg
When hyphae of opposite mating types meet, they first spores that are dispersed by

  • enter mitosis

  • grow and develop.

  • enter meiosis.

  • fuse.


Sporangia are found at the tops of specialized hyphae called l.jpg
Sporangia are found at the tops of specialized hyphae called spores that are dispersed by

  • sporangiophores.

  • mycelia.

  • gametangia.

  • stolons.


Only during a small part of their life cycles are most fungi l.jpg
Only during a small part of their life cycles are most fungi spores that are dispersed by

  • diploid.

  • haploid.

  • 1N.

  • 3N.


Which of the following processes is first to occur after the nuclei of opposite mating types fuse l.jpg
Which of the following processes is first to occur after the nuclei of opposite mating types fuse?

  • Spores are produced.

  • Gametes are produced.

  • Mitosis occurs.

  • Meiosis occurs.


Dark fuzz that grows on bread is an example of l.jpg
Dark fuzz that grows on bread is an example of nuclei of opposite mating types fuse?

  • toadstool.

  • spore.

  • yeast.

  • mold.


Rhizopus reproduces l.jpg
Rhizopus nuclei of opposite mating types fuse? reproduces

  • by sexual fusion only.

  • by sexual fusion and asexually only.

  • by budding and asexually only.

  • all of the above


In bread mold haploid gametes are produced by the l.jpg
In bread mold, haploid gametes are produced by the nuclei of opposite mating types fuse?

  • gametangia.

  • rhizoids.

  • zygospores.

  • sporangiophores.


Bread rises because fermentation by yeast produces l.jpg
Bread rises because fermentation by yeast produces nuclei of opposite mating types fuse?

  • spores.

  • rhizoids.

  • water.

  • carbon dioxide.


The dry powdered yeast used to bake bread actually contains l.jpg
The dry, powdered yeast used to bake bread actually contains nuclei of opposite mating types fuse?

  • zygospores.

  • ascospores.

  • conidia.

  • sporangia.


Yeasts obtain energy by alcoholic fermentation in the absence of l.jpg
Yeasts obtain energy by alcoholic fermentation in the absence of

  • moisture.

  • carbon dioxide.

  • oxygen.

  • sugar.


Mushrooms are classified as l.jpg
Mushrooms are classified as absence of

  • common molds.

  • sac fungi.

  • club fungi.

  • imperfect fungi.


Which structure is not found in a mushroom l.jpg
Which structure is NOT found in a mushroom? absence of

  • ascus

  • gills

  • cap

  • stalk


In mushrooms the basidia are found in the l.jpg
In mushrooms, the basidia are found in the absence of

  • base.

  • stalk.

  • cap.

  • root.


Slide22 l.jpg
Over time, nutrients at the center of a large underground mycelium become depleted, causing new mushrooms to sprout only

  • in a cluster at the center.

  • in a ring at the outer edges.

  • when the nutrients are replaced.

  • after budding takes place.


Each of the following is a basidiomycete except l.jpg
Each of the following is a basidiomycete EXCEPT mycelium become depleted, causing new mushrooms to sprout only

  • shelf fungi.

  • mushrooms.

  • puffballs.

  • cup fungi.


In basidiomycetes the primary mycelia of different mating types fuse to form l.jpg
In basidiomycetes, the primary mycelia of different mating types fuse to form

  • a secondary mycelium.

  • haploid zygotes.

  • gills.

  • haploid nuclei of the same mating type.


Which statement about penicillium is correct l.jpg
Which statement about types fuse to formPenicillium is correct?

  • It produces mushrooms.

  • It causes bread to rise.

  • It is the source of an antibiotic.

  • It causes athlete’s foot.


Penicillium reproduces only asexually but otherwise resembles a an l.jpg
Penicillium types fuse to form reproduces only asexually but otherwise resembles a(an)

  • ascomycete.

  • zygomycete.

  • basidiomycete.

  • lichen.


Penicillium may have evolved from an ascomycete that lost its ability to carry out l.jpg
Penicillium types fuse to form may have evolved from an ascomycete that lost its ability to carry out

  • asexual reproduction.

  • sexual reproduction.

  • spore formation.

  • conidia formation.


An important role of fungi in an ecosystem is l.jpg
An important role of fungi in an ecosystem is types fuse to form

  • photosynthesis.

  • breaking down dead organisms.

  • making alcohol.

  • killing bacteria.


Millions of years ago fungi might have been important to the success of l.jpg
Millions of years ago, fungi might have been important to the success of

  • worms.

  • grasshoppers.

  • bacteria.

  • plants.


Fungi that absorb food from decaying organic matter are l.jpg
Fungi that absorb food from decaying organic matter are the success of

  • parasites.

  • saprobes.

  • mutualists.

  • autotrophs.


Fungi feed on l.jpg
Fungi feed on the success of

  • only living organisms.

  • only dead organisms.

  • both living and dead organisms.

  • only other fungi.


The breakdown of dead organisms is sped on by the fungal production of l.jpg
The breakdown of dead organisms is sped on by the fungal production of

  • alcohols.

  • acids.

  • digestive enzymes.

  • recycled nutrients.


Which of the following statements about fungi is true l.jpg
Which of the following statements about fungi is true? production of

  • They bind trace elements and hold them.

  • They return trace elements to the soil.

  • They do not affect trace elements.

  • They deplete the soil of trace elements.


The human disease ringworm is caused by l.jpg
The human disease ringworm is caused by production of

  • worms.

  • bacteria.

  • a fungus.

  • yeasts.


The growth of yeasts in moist regions of the body is kept in check by competition from l.jpg
The growth of yeasts in moist regions of the body is kept in check by competition from

  • antibiotics.

  • bacteria.

  • rusts.

  • mildews.


Crop damage by fungal diseases is l.jpg
Crop damage by fungal diseases is check by competition from

  • greatest in tropical areas.

  • least in tropical areas.

  • greatest in temperate areas.

  • not affected by climate.


The fungus that forms a mycelium within the outer layers of human skin causes l.jpg
The fungus that forms a mycelium within the outer layers of human skin causes

  • ringworm and athlete’s foot.

  • thrush and reproductive-tract infections.

  • reproductive-tract infections and ringworm.

  • athlete’s foot and thrush.


Each of the following is true of wheat rust except that it l.jpg
Each of the following is true of wheat rust EXCEPT that it human skin causes

  • is caused by a basidiomycete.

  • is carried by insects into wheat fields.

  • is controlled by destroying barberry plants.

  • produces two kinds of spores.


The normal balance between bacteria and yeasts in the body can be upset by l.jpg
The normal balance between bacteria and yeasts in the body can be upset by

  • eating yeast-leavened bread.

  • eating edible mushrooms.

  • using antibiotics.

  • being exposed to mushroom spores.


Figure 21 2 illustrates an association of a an l.jpg
Figure 21–2 illustrates an association of a(an) can be upset by

  • cyanobacterium and a plant.

  • alga or cyanobacterium and a fungus.

  • plant and a fungus.

  • alga and a plant.


Which of the following is not a single organism l.jpg
Which of the following is NOT a single organism? can be upset by

  • rust

  • smut

  • yeast

  • lichen


Which statement about lichens is correct l.jpg
Which statement about lichens is correct? can be upset by

  • They are not tolerant of harsh conditions.

  • They cannot make their own food.

  • They grow only in soil.

  • They are composed of an alga or a cyanobacterium and a fungus living together.


The association of plants and fungi in mycorrhizae illustrates a type of relationship called l.jpg
The association of plants and fungi in mycorrhizae illustrates a type of relationship called

  • parasitism.

  • mutualism.

  • competition.

  • parallelism.


In most lichens the fungus is a an l.jpg
In most lichens, the fungus is a(an) illustrates a type of relationship called

  • basidiomycete.

  • zygomycete.

  • ascomycete.

  • deuteromycete.


Beneath the forest floor carbon atoms can be moved from one tree to the next by l.jpg
Beneath the forest floor, carbon atoms can be moved from one tree to the next by

  • orchids.

  • fungal spores.

  • mycorrhizae.

  • lichens.


Fungi are prokaryotic heterotrophs l.jpg
Fungi are tree to the next byprokaryotic heterotrophs. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Fungi absorb their food l.jpg
Fungi tree to the next byabsorb their food. _________________________

  • True

  • False


In some fungi the nuclei are divided by cross walls l.jpg
In some fungi, the tree to the next bynuclei are divided by cross walls. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Fungal cell walls are composed of cellulose l.jpg
Fungal cell walls are composed of tree to the next bycellulose. _________________________

  • True

  • False


During most of the life cycle of a fungus the nuclei are diploid l.jpg
During most of the life cycle of a fungus, the nuclei are tree to the next bydiploid. _________________________

  • True

  • False


In zygomycetes the rootlike hyphae that anchor the fungus are called rhizoids l.jpg
In zygomycetes, the rootlike hyphae that anchor the fungus are called rhizoids. _________________________

  • True

  • False


In zygomycetes a germinating zygospore undergoes mitosis and develops into a new individual l.jpg
In zygomycetes, a germinating zygospore undergoes are called mitosis and develops into a new individual. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Ascomycetes have a tough sac that contains spores l.jpg
Ascomycetes have a tough sac that contains are called spores. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Both the ascospores and conidia of ascomycetes are haploid l.jpg
Both the ascospores and conidia of ascomycetes are are called haploid. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Basidiomycetes resemble other fungal phyla but do not have a sexual cycle l.jpg
Basidiomycetes are called resemble other fungal phyla but do not have a sexual cycle. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Fungi recycle nutrients in all ecosystems l.jpg
Fungi recycle are called nutrients in all ecosystems. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Early fungi may have helped plants obtain nutrients l.jpg
Early fungi may have helped are called plants obtain nutrients. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Mycorrhizae are beneficial associations of fungi and animals l.jpg
Mycorrhizae are beneficial associations of fungi and are called animals. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Repeated infections by candida could indicate a problem with the body s immune system l.jpg
Repeated infections by are called Candida could indicate a problem with the body’s immune system. _________________________

  • True

  • False


In lichens a plant associated with a fungus carries out photosynthesis l.jpg
In lichens, are called a plant associated with a fungus carries out photosynthesis. _________________________

  • True

  • False


Participant scores l.jpg
Participant Scores are called


Fungi their food outside their bodies and then absorb it l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Fungi ____________________ their food outside their bodies and then absorb it.


Chitin the material that forms fungal cell walls is a complex l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Chitin, the material that forms fungal cell walls, is a complex _________________________.


Reproduction takes place when cells or hyphae break off a fungus and begin to grow l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

____________________ reproduction takes place when cells or hyphae break off a fungus and begin to grow.


Fungal spores are produced in structures called l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Fungal spores are produced in structures called ____________________.


When the hyphae of opposite mating types meet each hypha forms a l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

When the hyphae of opposite mating types meet, each hypha forms a _________________________.


A zygomycete is a thick walled zygote formed by a l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

A zygomycete is a thick-walled zygote formed by a ____________________.


Slide68 l.jpg

Figure 21–3 are called


In the stage of ascomycetes shown in figure 21 3 cells contain two nuclei l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

In the ____________________ stage of ascomycetes, shown in Figure 21–3, cells contain two nuclei.


Spore bearing structures called basidia are found in the of mushrooms l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Spore-bearing structures called basidia are found in the ____________________ of mushrooms.


A very large secondary mycelium may be produced by older l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

A very large secondary mycelium may be produced by older _________________________.


The basidiospores of fungi are scattered by the wind l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

The basidiospores of ____________________ fungi are scattered by the wind.


Imperfect fungi do not have a phase l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Imperfect fungi do not have a ____________________ phase.


If a sexual phase were observed in a deuteromycete it would probably be reclassified in another l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

If a sexual phase were observed in a deuteromycete, it would probably be reclassified in another ____________________.


Fungi break down complex organic matter by releasing l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Fungi break down complex organic matter by releasing ____________________.


A serious fungal disease of needs two different plants to complete its life cycle l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

A serious fungal disease of ____________________ needs two different plants to complete its life cycle.


Slide77 l.jpg

Figure 21–2 are called


The cyanobacterium or algal layer of the shown in figure 21 2 performs photosynthesis l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

The cyanobacterium or algal layer of the ____________________ shown in Figure 21–2 performs photosynthesis.


Slide79 l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

What are the individual threads of a fungus called, and what structure do they form when they appear as a tangled mass?


Slide80 l.jpg

Figure 21–1 are called


How do the two types of hyphae shown in figure 21 1 differ l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

How do the two types of hyphae shown in Figure 21–1 differ?


Why are the two mating types of fungi not referred to as male and female l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Why are the two mating types of fungi not referred to as male and female?


What three functions do rhizoids serve in fungi l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

What three functions do rhizoids serve in fungi?


In bread mold how do zygospores differ from the spores produced on aerial hyphae l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

In bread mold, how do zygospores differ from the spores produced on aerial hyphae?


Which fungal phylum contains organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye and what are they l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Which fungal phylum contains organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye, and what are they?


Slide86 l.jpg

Figure 21–3 are called


Slide87 l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

In the ascomycete fruiting body shown in Figure 21–3, how many nuclei are found in each cell of the hyphae, and what separates each cell of the hyphae?


Name two commercial uses of yeast l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Name two commercial uses of yeast.


Why are basidiomycetes called club fungi l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Why are basidiomycetes called club fungi?


Slide90 l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Suppose you like mushrooms and see some growing in a yard. Would you pick and eat them? Why or why not?


What is the most important role of fungi in natural ecosystems and why is this role important l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

What is the most important role of fungi in natural ecosystems, and why is this role important?


Cite an example of a competition between humans and fungi for nutrients l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Cite an example of a competition between humans and fungi for nutrients.


How does cordyceps affect the insects it infects l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

How does Cordyceps affect the insects it infects?


How do lichens encourage soil formation on barren rock l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

How do lichens encourage soil formation on barren rock?


How do fungi release nutrients from once living things l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

How do fungi release nutrients from once-living things?


Does the haploid or diploid condition occur most in the life cycle of fungi explain your answer l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Does the haploid or diploid condition occur most in the life cycle of fungi? Explain your answer


Slide97 l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Name the four phyla of fungi. What characteristic determines the phylum into which a fungus is placed?


Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction in bread mold l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction in bread mold.


Slide99 l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Describe the fruiting body of a mushroom. What allows a mushroom to develop very quickly—sometimes overnight?


Some giant fairy rings may be centuries old why do fairy rings increase in size over the years l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Some giant fairy rings may be centuries old. Why do fairy rings increase in size over the years?


Slide101 l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

After a few days of exposure to the air at room temperature, a piece of bread or other food will become covered with colonies of molds and other fungi. Why does this occur?


How are fungi both helpful and harmful to people l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

How are fungi both helpful and harmful to people?


Explain the difference between a saprophyte a parasite and a mutualist l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Explain the difference between a saprophyte, a parasite, and a mutualist.


Slide104 l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

Why is it not beneficial to kill all bacteria on and in the body, and what is a common result of killing naturally occurring bacteria?


About 90 percent of all trees have mycorrhizae why are mycorrhizae important l.jpg

0 of 5 are called

About 90 percent of all trees have mycorrhizae. Why are mycorrhizae important?


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