All fungi. make their food. absorb their food. produce mushrooms. have chlorophyll. Fungi do NOT. carry on photosynthesis. grow on their food source. digest food outside their bodies. absorb food through their cell walls. Fungi resemble plants in that they both always. have stems.
0 of 5 are calledFungi ____________________ their food outside their bodies and then absorb it.
0 of 5 are calledChitin, the material that forms fungal cell walls, is a complex _________________________.
0 of 5 are called____________________ reproduction takes place when cells or hyphae break off a fungus and begin to grow.
0 of 5 are calledFungal spores are produced in structures called ____________________.
0 of 5 are calledWhen the hyphae of opposite mating types meet, each hypha forms a _________________________.
0 of 5 are calledA zygomycete is a thick-walled zygote formed by a ____________________.
0 of 5 are calledIn the ____________________ stage of ascomycetes, shown in Figure 21–3, cells contain two nuclei.
0 of 5 are calledSpore-bearing structures called basidia are found in the ____________________ of mushrooms.
0 of 5 are calledA very large secondary mycelium may be produced by older _________________________.
0 of 5 are calledThe basidiospores of ____________________ fungi are scattered by the wind.
0 of 5 are calledImperfect fungi do not have a ____________________ phase.
0 of 5 are calledIf a sexual phase were observed in a deuteromycete, it would probably be reclassified in another ____________________.
0 of 5 are calledFungi break down complex organic matter by releasing ____________________.
0 of 5 are calledA serious fungal disease of ____________________ needs two different plants to complete its life cycle.
Figure 21–2 are called
0 of 5 are calledThe cyanobacterium or algal layer of the ____________________ shown in Figure 21–2 performs photosynthesis.
0 of 5 are calledWhat are the individual threads of a fungus called, and what structure do they form when they appear as a tangled mass?
Figure 21–1 are called
0 of 5 are calledHow do the two types of hyphae shown in Figure 21–1 differ?
0 of 5 are calledWhy are the two mating types of fungi not referred to as male and female?
0 of 5 are calledWhat three functions do rhizoids serve in fungi?
0 of 5 are calledIn bread mold, how do zygospores differ from the spores produced on aerial hyphae?
0 of 5 are calledWhich fungal phylum contains organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye, and what are they?
0 of 5 are called
In the ascomycete fruiting body shown in Figure 21–3, how many nuclei are found in each cell of the hyphae, and what separates each cell of the hyphae?
0 of 5 are calledName two commercial uses of yeast.
0 of 5 are calledWhy are basidiomycetes called club fungi?
0 of 5 are calledSuppose you like mushrooms and see some growing in a yard. Would you pick and eat them? Why or why not?
0 of 5 are calledWhat is the most important role of fungi in natural ecosystems, and why is this role important?
0 of 5 are calledCite an example of a competition between humans and fungi for nutrients.
0 of 5 are calledHow does Cordyceps affect the insects it infects?
0 of 5 are calledHow do lichens encourage soil formation on barren rock?
0 of 5 are calledHow do fungi release nutrients from once-living things?
0 of 5 are calledDoes the haploid or diploid condition occur most in the life cycle of fungi? Explain your answer
0 of 5 are calledName the four phyla of fungi. What characteristic determines the phylum into which a fungus is placed?
0 of 5 are calledCompare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction in bread mold.
0 of 5 are calledDescribe the fruiting body of a mushroom. What allows a mushroom to develop very quickly—sometimes overnight?
0 of 5 are calledSome giant fairy rings may be centuries old. Why do fairy rings increase in size over the years?
0 of 5 are called
After a few days of exposure to the air at room temperature, a piece of bread or other food will become covered with colonies of molds and other fungi. Why does this occur?
0 of 5 are calledHow are fungi both helpful and harmful to people?
0 of 5 are calledExplain the difference between a saprophyte, a parasite, and a mutualist.
0 of 5 are calledWhy is it not beneficial to kill all bacteria on and in the body, and what is a common result of killing naturally occurring bacteria?
0 of 5 are calledAbout 90 percent of all trees have mycorrhizae. Why are mycorrhizae important?