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Unit 5 The power of nature. 基础知识自测. 一、单词拼写 根据读音、词性和词义写出下列单词。 1._____________ [ vCl5keinEu ] n. 火山 2._____________ [i 5rQpt ]vi. ( 火山 ) 爆发 3. _____________[ AN^5zaiEti ] n. 担心;焦虑 4._____________ [ 5trembl ] vi. 摇晃;颤动 5._____________ [ bC :]vt. 使感到厌烦

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Unit 5 the power of nature

Unit 5

The power

of nature


Unit 5 the power of nature

基础知识自测


Unit 5 the power of nature

一、单词拼写 根据读音、词性和词义写出下列单词。

1._____________ [vCl5keinEu] n. 火山

2._____________ [i5rQpt]vi. (火山) 爆发

3. _____________[AN^5zaiEti] n. 担心;焦虑

4._____________ [5trembl] vi. 摇晃;颤动

5._____________ [bC:]vt. 使感到厌烦

6._____________ [5kAnsEl]vt. 取消;撤消

7._____________ [5kQridV]n. 勇气,胆量

8._____________ [dai5vE:siti]n. 多样性;多种多样

9. _____________ [Ed5ventFE]n.冒险

volcano

erupt

anxiety

tremble

bore

cancel

courage

diversity

adventure


Unit 5 the power of nature

10.____________ [i5vAljueit]v. 评价;估计

11.____________ [ik5sait]n.使兴奋;使激动

12.____________ [fAn5tAstik]adj.奇异的;极好的

13.____________ [5fauntin]n. 喷泉

14.____________ [5AbsElu:tli]adv. 绝对地;完全地

15._________________ [Qn5fC:tjJnEtlI]adv. 不幸地

16.____________ [5pAnik]vi.& n. 惊慌

17.____________ [5preFEs]adj. 珍贵的;贵重的

18.____________ [pE5tenF(E)l]adj.潜在的;可能的

19.____________ [im5pres]vt. 给…留下深该印象

20.____________ [7^ArEn5ti:]vt. 保证;担保

evaluate

excite

fantastic

fountain

absolutely

unfortunately

panic

precious

potential

impress

guarantee


Unit 5 the power of nature

二、单词运用 根据句子的结构和意义,以及首字母或汉语提示,在空格处填入一个恰当的单词。

1.The students were e_________ to hear the news that their team had won the game.

2.Sometimes the teacher’s teaching is b_________ that some students even feel asleep I class.

3.A volcanologist is a person who studies the formation of v______________, and their current and historic eruptions.

4.Li Ping fell off his bike and hurt himself yesterday, f______________, it wasn't serious.

excited

boring

volcanoes

fortunately


Unit 5 the power of nature

5.People all over the world were a_____________ to have peace.

6.The soldier had shown great __________(勇气) in the battle.

7.In my childhood, my father i___________ on me the value of hard work..

8.I have_____________(删去) many unnecessary words in my manuscript (原稿).

9.The new television ___________(保修单) had a with it.

10.All the children listened to his_____________(冒险) with eager attention.

anxious

courage

impressed

cancelled

guarantee

Adventures


Unit 5 the power of nature

三、词语派生 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。

1. The crowd feel excited to hear the __________ (excite) news。

2. The Anthem Olympic Games was really an _____________( impress) one.

3. Thanks to your ________________(encourage), I’ve made great progress in my study.

4. The teacher praised him for his ______________(anxious)for knowledge.

5.________________(fortunate), belts are worn only by a small percentage of drivers and passengers.

exciting

impressive

encouragement

anxiety

Unfortunately


Unit 5 the power of nature

Bathing

6._________(bathe) in the polluted water resulted in their disease.

7.The research project has only been under way for three months, so it's too early ________________(evaluate) its success

8.It is really a ___________(fantasy)place for the children to play.

9.Real friend ship is ________________(precious) than money.

10.The meeting had to _______________ (cancel) in the end because of the heavy storm.

to evaluate

fantastic

more precious

be cancelled


Unit 5 the power of nature

四、词组互译 将下列词组或短语译成中文或英文。

1.compare… with_______________

2. make one’s way _____________

3. vary from…to ________________

4. meet with _________________

5. make an effort ________________

6. 由…覆盖_________________

7. 全部焚烧____________________

8. 冒险 ____________________

9. 匆匆看一遍____________________

10. 将…比做 ________________

与……相比

前往

由……到……不等

偶遇, 遭受

努力

be covered with

burn to the ground

take a risk

glance through

compare …to


Unit 5 the power of nature

五、词组运用

词组填空 根据句子提供的语境,从第四大题中选一个适当的词组并用其适当的形式填空。

1. Living in a town can't ________________living in the country in many respects.

2. It was a dark rainy night and they ______________

to the village at the foot of the mountain.

3. There are different kinds of computers in the store and their prices ______________2,000 yuan ______ 12,000 yuan.

4. About 71 % of the surface of the earth ____________________water.

compare with

made their way

vary from to

is covered with


Unit 5 the power of nature

翻译填空 根据汉语意思,从上述短语中选一个恰当的词组完成句子。

5. In the bookstore, I__________(遇到) a former classmate.

6. Can you _________________ (看看) the figures for me?

7. The big fire _________ the house ________________

(夷为平地).

met with

glance through

burned to the ground


Unit 5 the power of nature

句子翻译 从上述短语中选择恰当的短语翻译下列句子。

8.教师的工作常被比作蜡烛。

9.他冒险过这座旧桥。

10.他尽力爬上墙。

A teacher's work is often compared to a candle.

He took a risk when he crossed the old bridge.

He made an effort to climb the wall.


Unit 5 the power of nature

Language points


Unit 5 the power of nature

1. It shows a volcano erupting.

erupt. vi ( 指火山,战争,危机,问题等)

爆发;突然发生

足球赛后城里发生了暴力事件。

Violence erupted in the city after the football match.

eruption . n

eruptive adj.

in eruption在喷发中


Unit 5 the power of nature

explode 爆炸 burst 爆炸,炸开

erupt 爆发

a volcano erupting 是一个动名词的复合结构,

在此作shows的宾语,其中a volcano 是动名

词erupting 逻辑上的主语。

I don’t understand his / him behaving like that.

我不明白他有那种行为。


Unit 5 the power of nature

2. Share your knowledge with others in your class.

share. vt. 分享,分配,分摊 ; 共有,

共用; 有同样的感情(或想法,经历等)

Sue shares a house with three other students .

We shared the pizza between the four of us.

Men often don’t like to share their problems.

Both drivers shared the blame for the accident.

share. n 一部分;一定量,一份,股份

the lion’s share最大,(或最好)的一份


Unit 5 the power of nature

3. Yet, however weak we are, we are not completely powerless.

yet. 在此是连词,作“但是,然而” (but, however)

I have slept eight full hours, yet I’m still sleepy.

我睡了足足8个小时了,可还是想睡。


Unit 5 the power of nature

并列连词but不可与从属连词though/ although 同时出现,而yet 作为副词,可与though /although 同时出现

---Have you been to New Zealand ?

--- No, I’d like to, _______.

A, too B. though C. yet D. either

though 可用作副词,意为“然而,但是”, 需置于

句末,而yet 应置于句首。


Unit 5 the power of nature

4. Can you imagine climb into a live volcano in order to take the temperature of the boiling rock

inside.

live. adj.

live animals. 活的

live coverage of the World Cup

世界杯的实况转播


Unit 5 the power of nature

live coals 燃烧着的煤块

Pollution is still very much a live issue.

污染仍然是目前非常让人关注的问题

(目前所关心的,时下重大的)


Unit 5 the power of nature

living , lively, alive, lovely, live的区别:

living, 现存的,活的

live , 活的, 现场直播的

alive活着的,只作后置定语和表语。

lively, 精力充沛的,生气勃勃的

lovely可爱的,美丽的,优美的,有吸引力的


Unit 5 the power of nature

take the temperature of sb.

take sb’s temperature,

测量某人的体温

have /run a temperature 发烧

(=have / run a fever)


Unit 5 the power of nature

5. Do you like adventure in your life?

adventure. n. 奇遇,冒险(活动)

adj. adventurous

vt. 拿….冒险;大胆进行;大胆表示

She is so shy a girl that she never __________ an opinion in public.

Boys like adventure.

男孩子喜欢冒险

adventures

adventure使人心振奋,寻求刺激的冒险


Unit 5 the power of nature

6. I am never bored.

bore. vt 使感到厌烦

bore. n 令人讨厌的人或事物

bored. adj. 感到厌烦的

boring adj. 令人厌烦的

Mr. Smith, ______ of the ______ speech, started to read a novel.

There was a ______ expression on his face.

The speech was so ______ that I fell asleep

while listening.

bored

boring

bored

boring


Unit 5 the power of nature

7. …, because danger excites me and makes me feel alive.

excite. vt. 使兴奋; 使激动

  • -- Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game?

  • -- Oh, that’s ________.

  • what makes me feel excited.

  • B. whatever I feel excited about

  • C. how I feel excited

  • D. when I feel excited.


Unit 5 the power of nature

改错:

Much to our excitements, our team won the game again

The exciting look on his face suggested that he was much excited at the exciting news.

Excitedly, my best friend Peter has come out first in the contest.

excitement

excited

Excitingly


Unit 5 the power of nature

8. However, the most important thing about my job is that I help to protect people from one of the …

that I help to … 这是that 引导的表语从句,在从句中,

that 不作成分。

____ the young man works very hard is _____the manager appreciates him for.

That

what


Unit 5 the power of nature

however. 不管怎样,无论什么程度,然而,不过

instead. 代替,反而,却,相反

therefore 因此,所以,因而

thus . 如此,这样,因而,从而

yet. 还,尚未(否定句), 然而,尽管


Unit 5 the power of nature

however, therefore, instead, thus, yet

1. At his age, he is supposed to study hard at school. _______ he spends most of his time in the net bar.

2. There is still much to discuss. We shall, _________, return to this item at our next meeting.

3. Although he didn’t attend the meeting, ____ he knows everything about it.

instead

therefore

yet


Unit 5 the power of nature

4. We thought the figures were correct. ________, we have discovered some errors.

5. He’s only 17 and ____________ not eligible to vote.

6. He is the eldest son and _____________ heir to the title.

However

thus/ therefore

thus/ therefore


Unit 5 the power of nature

9. Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast it will flow.

“ Having … information” 用现在分词的完成式,在句中作时间状语,表明该动作发生在主句动作之前。

我不想继续求学,便决定当一个服装设计师。

Not wishing to continue my studies, I decided to become a dress designer.


Unit 5 the power of nature

由于没有收到回音,他决定再写一封信。

Not having received a reply, he decided to write again.

evaluate v. 评估;评价;估计

我没有看到他的工作情况,无法评价他的能力。

I can’t evaluate his ability without seeing his work.

It’s hard to evaluate her as a singer.


Unit 5 the power of nature

10. Unfortunately, we can’t move their homes out of the way and many houses have been covered with lava or burned to the ground.

unfortunate. adj. 不幸的,倒霉的


Unit 5 the power of nature

归纳拓展:

unfortunate.

adj. 不合适的;不恰当的;令人遗憾的

unfortunately. adv. 遗憾地,不幸地

fortunate adj. 交好运的,带来好运的;幸运的

fortune.

n. 机会;运气;命运;财产

make a fortune 发财

try one’s fortune 外出找出路


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • He went to the west and _____ a fortune soon by selling cars.

  • received B. found

  • C. made D. searched


Unit 5 the power of nature

burn to the ground 全部焚毁

这所房子已焚为平地。

The house was burnt to the ground.

burn down ( burn to the ground ) 烧毁,烧平

burn up 烧掉,烧毁

burn out 烧光,烧尽


Unit 5 the power of nature

translate the several sentences:

When boiling rock erupts from the volcano and crashes back to earth, it causes less damage than you might imagine.

当滚烫的岩石从火山喷出并撞回地面时,它所造成的损失比想象的要小些。


Unit 5 the power of nature

This is because no one lives near the top of Mount Kilauea where the rock fall.

这是因为在熔岩降落的基拉维厄山顶附近无人居住。

The lava that flows slowly down the mountain causes far more damage because it buries everything in its path underthe molten rock.

沿着山坡下流的熔岩造成的损失要大得多,因为火山岩浆所流经的地方,一切都掩埋在熔岩下。


Unit 5 the power of nature

11. I was fast asleep when suddenly my bed began shaking and I heard a strange sound.


Unit 5 the power of nature

12. Having experienced quite a few earthquakes in Hawaii already.

quite a few (口语)相当多的

(= not a few)

Not a few people have made that mistake.

很多人犯过这种错误。


Unit 5 the power of nature

a few 几个 ( 表示肯定意义)

only a few 仅少数的,只有几个

以上短语皆修饰复数名词,修饰不可数的有:

not a little 相当多的

quite a little

only a little 只有一点点


Unit 5 the power of nature

13. I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly

my bedroom became as bright as day.

was about to

+ when 这时,突然

was doing sth.

他正要离开,突然电话响了。

He was about to leave when the telephone rang.

史密斯一家正在看电视,这时外面有人喊“救火”。

The Smiths were watching TV when someone

called “ fire” outside.


Unit 5 the power of nature

14. in the distance 在远处;在遥远的地方

at a distance 以一定距离 在稍远处

fountain. 是人造喷泉, 而指天然喷泉时则用spring.

A group of children are playing in the fountain in the park.

一群孩子在公园的喷泉中玩耍。

An encyclopedia is fountain of knowledge.

百科全书式知识的源泉。


Unit 5 the power of nature

15. It was an absolutelyfantastic sight.

*absolute. 绝对的,完全的

我认为他们那样对待那个孩子绝对不光彩( disgrace )。

I think it’s an absolute disgrace the way they treat that child.


Unit 5 the power of nature

*absolute 还意为“确实的”,“的确如此”的,“无疑的”,”独立的”

absolute truth 事实真相

absolute alcohol 无水酒精

It’s an absolute fact.这是千真万确的事。

absolutely. adv. 绝对,完全地, 常用于回答问题或用作评语

-- Do you agree with me?

-- Absolutely.

你同意我的意见吗?

完全同意


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • fantastic.adj. ( 口语)极好的,很棒的;奇异的,古怪的;异想天开的;难以置信的

  • You have passed your test? ______!

  • Fantastically

  • Fantastic

  • Wonderfully

  • Greatly


Unit 5 the power of nature

海湾的夜景更美。

The night view of the bay is even more fantastic.

insects of fantastic shapes 奇型怪状的昆虫

a fantastic plan 不切实际的计划

fantastically adv. 难以置信地;奇异地;极好地

fantasize v. 想象;幻想

fantasy n. 想象;幻想, 幻想出来的东西


Unit 5 the power of nature

16. It wasn’t very easy to walk in these suits, but we slowly made our way to the edge of the crater and looked down into the crater.

make one’s way( to) . 前进,前往,获得成功;发迹

我们顺着山坡往下朝城里行进。

We made our way down the hill towards the town.

Henderson began to make his way in politics.

亨德森逐渐在政治界有所建树。


Unit 5 the power of nature

与way有关的词组:

make way ( for) 让路;让出位置

fight one’s way 奋勇前进

lose one’s way 迷路

go one’s way 走自己的路

feel one’s way 摸索前进


Unit 5 the power of nature

make its way 有利可图

make the best of one’s way 尽快走

push one’s way 挤过

find a way out 找出出路

find one’s way找到路;设法达到

out of the way 不挡道;不碍事

in the way 挡道的;妨碍人的

In a way 在某点上;在某种程度上


Unit 5 the power of nature

17. potential. un. 潜在性;可能性;潜能

adj. 可能的;潜在的

He is a young singer with great potential.

他是个非常有潜力的歌手。

the potentials of the technology

该项技术的潜力


Unit 5 the power of nature

Language points for Reading II


Unit 5 the power of nature

这些鱼的价格从3镑到5镑不等。

The price of these fish varyfrom£3 to £5.

Language Points:

1.The height of the land variesfrom 700

metres above sea level to over 2,000 meters and is home to a great diversity of plants and animals.

  • vary v.呈现不同 ;改变,变化

  • vary from…to… 由…到…不等;

    从…变为…


Unit 5 the power of nature

You need a lot of variety in your diet.

variety (质量,种类或特征的)变化

The plants of Asia show a great diversity of form.

diversity n. 变化多样,多样性

(相当variety)


Unit 5 the power of nature

据说,据报道…

对…有很高的天赋

2. It is said that this boy, who had a great gift for languages and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people.

it is said that… :

have a great gift for…:


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 我们不能保证我们所有的航班都不误点。

  • 2. 这里的天气时时都在变化。

We can’t guarantee that all our flights will never be delayed.

The weather here varies from hour to hour.


Unit 5 the power of nature

3. 他匆匆看了一遍那道题就开始回答了。

He glanced through the question and began to answer.

4.据说昨天的火灾中4个小孩丧生了。

It is said that four children died in fire yesterday.

5.尽管他数学不算好,音乐上却很有分天。

Even if he is not good at maths, he has a great gift for music.


Unit 5 the power of nature

Language points for Reading II


Unit 5 the power of nature

分词作状语

1.European football is played in 80 countries, ____ it the most popular sport in the world.

A. making B. makes

C. made D. to make

2.____ a reply, he decided to write again.

A. Not receiving B. Receiving not

C. Not having received D. Having not received

3.The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, ____ that he had enjoyed his stay here.

A. having added B. to add

C. adding D. added


Unit 5 the power of nature

4. “Can’t you read?” Mary said ____ to the notice.

A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily

C. angrily pointed D. and angrilypointing

5. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ____ behind his back.

A. being tied B. having tied

C. to be tied D. tied


Unit 5 the power of nature

-ing分词做状语:

-ing分词作状语可以表示时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、方式或伴随情况等。

①-ing分词短语作时间状语,有时可由连词when, while引出。如:

Be careful while/when crossing the road.

当看到那些画,她想起了她的童年。

Seeing those pictures, she remembered her childhood.

==》When she saw …


Unit 5 the power of nature

②-ing分词短语作原因状语,

Not knowing his address, I can’t send this book to him.

Because I don’t know his address,…

因为非常激动,那晚我们许多人都没睡着。

Many of us, beingso excited, couldn’t go to sleep that night.


Unit 5 the power of nature

③–ing分词短语作结果状语。如:

His father died, leavinghim a lot of money.

她非常生气,把玩具扔在地上,把它摔成了碎片。

She was so angry that she threw the toy on the ground, breakingit into pieces.


Unit 5 the power of nature

④-ing分词作伴随状语,可放于句首或句中。表示主语的另一个伴随的动作。如:

他们在那儿站了半小时,观察着天上的星星。

They stood there for half an hour watching the stars in the sky.

==》 They stood there for half an hour and watch the stars in the sky.

年轻人跟在老人的后面开始慢慢地走起来。

Following the old man, the young people started walking slowly.


Unit 5 the power of nature

⑤-ing分词间或也可作条件状语和让步状语

如果你站在大山的脚下会发现自己很渺小。

Standing at the foot of a high mountain,you will find himself very small.

尽管知道了一切情况,他们还是要我赔偿损失。

Knowing all this, they made me pay for the damage.

==》Although they knew all this , they made me pay for the damage.


1 v ing ed

注: (1)分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语与主句的主语一致。V--ing表主动或进行,--ed 表完成或被动

Looking

Seen

_______ (look)out of the window, we can see a big tree.

____ (see)from the window, a big tree can be seen.


Unit 5 the power of nature

(2)V—ing 所表示的动作与谓语表示的动作几乎同时发生。如果分词表示的动作发生在谓语所表示的动作之前,则用动词V—ing 形式的完成式( having done)

eg. Writing the letter, he left out something important.

( while/when he was writing the letter)

Having written the letter, he read it carefully.

(After he had written the letter)


Unit 5 the power of nature

(3) 否定式not的位置 (在分词的最前面加not)

Not knowing her address,we could not get in touch with her.

Not havingreceived an answer, he decided to write another letter to them.


Unit 5 the power of nature

⑥“with/without+n.+-ing”结构在句中作状语,表示伴随情况或时间、原因等。如:

随着时间的推移,他的头发变花白了。

His hair became grey withthe years passing.

因为期末考试快到了,他感到很紧张。

With final-exams coming, he feels very nervous.


Unit 5 the power of nature

英语中习惯接-ing分词作宾语的常见动词:

避免 错过 少延期 avoidmissput off/postpone

建议 完成 多练习 suggestfinish practise

喜欢 想象 禁不住 enjoy imagine can’ help

承认 否定 与嫉妒admit deny envy

逃避 冒险 莫原谅 escape risk excuse

忍受 保持 不介意 stand keep mind、


Unit 5 the power of nature

常见的带介词to的短语,后接-ing或名词。

admit to承认contribute to捐助、贡献

get down to着手做give way to让位于

keep to 坚持、遵守lead to 导致

look forward to期待turn to 求助于

stick to坚持be equal to 胜任的、等于

point to指向、表明see to 注意、处理

be used to 习惯于devote oneself to 献身于

befamiliar to 为……熟悉


Unit 5 the power of nature

一些固定的-ing分词短语,如

generally speaking(一般来说),

judging from…(根据……来判断),

considering…(考虑到……),

talking of…(谈到……,提到……)等等


Unit 5 the power of nature

从他的口音看他一定来自加拿大。

Judging from his accent, he must come from Canada.

考虑到他是如此可爱,我们决定让他免费听音乐会。

Considering how poor he was, we decided to let him attend the concert for free.


Unit 5 the power of nature

Practice


Unit 5 the power of nature

Choose the best answer:

1.She is writing a letter to a friend of hers, ____him to the party.

A.Having invited B.inviting

C.to invite D.invited

2.____all my letters,I had a drink and went out.

A.Finished B.Having finished

C.Finishing D.To finish

3.___who she was,she said she was Mr.Johnson’s

friend.

A.Asking B.Asked

C.To be asked D.When asking

B

B

B


Unit 5 the power of nature

4.____Sunday,the students are at home.

A.Being B.To be

C.It is D.It being

5.____, your composition is full of mistakes.

A.Writing carelessly

B. Written carelessly

C.Having written carelessly

D.Being written carelessly

D

B


Unit 5 the power of nature

6.____several times,the young scientist still kept on making his experiments.

A. Having been failed B. Having failed

C. Though failed D. Because of failure

7.The food____ at the moment is for the dinner party.

A. cooked B. to be cooked

C. is being cooked D. being cooked

B

D


Unit 5 the power of nature

8.While building a tunnel through the mountain, ____.

A.an underground lake was discovered

B.there was an underground lake discovered

C.a lake was discovered underground.

D.the workers discovered an underground lake

D

9.Finding her car stolen, ____.

A.a policeman was asked to help

B.the area was searching thoroughly

C.it was looked for everywhere

D.she hurried to a policeman for help

D


Unit 5 the power of nature

10.She set out soon after dark ______home an hour later.

A.arriving B.to arrive

C.having arrived D.and arrived

11.____his key, he couldn’t enter the room.

A.Having been lost B.He had lost

C.Having lost D.Losing

12—Why do you stand and watch the milk___over?

---Oh, sorry. I was thinking of ___to the zoo.

A.boiling; taken B.boiled; taking

C.boiled; being taken D.boiling; being taken

A/D

C

D


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 1.I cannot understand _____ such a well-paid job.

  • A. him to give up B. him to have given up

  • C. his giving up D. his being given up

  • 2.Jane’s summer vacation in England led to _____ an Englishman.

  • A. her marry B. her to marry

  • C. her being married D. her marrying

  • 3.She was sad because of _____ any chance left.

  • there being not B. there not being

  • C. not there being D. there was not


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 4.If you think a letter is too slow, why not _____ a telegram?

  • try to have sent B. trying to send

  • C. to try to send D. try sending

  • 5.There is no chance _____ him today.

  • A. in seeing B. to seeing

  • C. of seeing D. about seeing


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 6.I know you like _____ . Would you like _____ with me now?

  • A. to swim, to swim B. swimming, swimming

  • C. swimming, to swim D. to swim, swimming

  • 7.Before _____, the machine must be checked.

  • being used B. using it

  • C. being used to D. using


Unit 5 the power of nature

8.To give up _____ means _____ .

A.smoking, stopping smoking

B.smoking, to stop smoking

C.to smoke, to stop to smoke

D.to smoke, stopping to smoke


Unit 5 the power of nature

9. — What do you think of the book?

— Oh, excellent. It’s worth _____ a second time.

A. to read B. reading

C. to be read D. being read

10. “What has made you so upset?” “________ my new bike.”

A. Lost B. Because of losing

C. Since I lost D. Losing


Unit 5 the power of nature

11. I still remember___ to Beijing when I was six.

A. to take B. taking

C. having taking D. having been taken

12. Some foreigner used to ___ on the left in their own countries, but now they have got used to _____ on the right in our country.

A. driving, drive B. drive, drive

C. drive, driving D. driving, driving


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 13. He remained ____ there, for he grew ____in many things there.

  • staying, interesting

  • B. staying, interested

  • C. to stay, interest

  • D. stayed, interested


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 14. It is important for parents and young people to learn how to get through to each other and develop skill in understanding and _____.

  • A. being understood B. to be understood

  • C. understand D. understood

  • 15. _____ more trees is good for health and it is also important to stop waste from factories _____ our surroundings.

  • To plant, pollute B. Planting, to pollute

  • C. Plant, polluting D. Planting, polluting


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 16. I would appreciate _____ back this afternoon.

  • A. you to call B. you call

  • C. your calling D. you’re calling

  • 17. How about the two of us _____ a walk down the garden?

  • to take B. take

  • C. taking D. to be taking


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 18. “The light in the office is still on.”

  • “Oh, I forgot _____ .”

  • turning it off B. turn it off

  • C. to turn it off D. having turned it off


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 19. “I must apologize for _____ ahead of time.” “That’s all right.”

  • letting you not know

  • B. not letting you know

  • C. letting you know not

  • D. letting not you know

  • 20. It happened ______ when I left the station, so I had to wait until the rain stopped.

  • A. to be rainingB. to have rained

  • C. to rainD. raining


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 21. ____ more attention, the trees could have grown better.

  • A . Given B. To give

  • C . Giving D. Having given

  • 22. Climbing mountains was ____, so we all felt ____.

  • tiring ; tired B. tired ; tiring

  • C. tiring ; tiring D. tired ; tired


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 23. The ____ morning, the father came into the lonely house , ____ by his naughty boy .

  • following ; following

  • B. followed ; followed

  • C. following ; followed

  • D. followed ; following


Unit 5 the power of nature

24. ____ these pictures, I couldn’t help thinking of those days when I was in Beijing and ____ from the top of a thirty-storeyed building, Beijing looks more magnificent.

A. Seeing ; seen

B. Seen ; seeing

C. Seeing ; seeing

D. Seen ; seen


Unit 5 the power of nature

25. Mrs White was glad to see the nurse ____ after her son and her daughter and was also pleased to see children well ____ care of in the nursery.

A. looked ; taken

B. looking ; taken

C. looked ; took

D. looking ; taking


Unit 5 the power of nature

26. I was fortunate to pick up a wallet ____ on the ground on the way home, but unfortunately for me, I found my colour TV set ____ when I got home.

A. lying; stolen B. laying; stealing

C. lay; stolen D. lying; stealing

27. ____ better attention , the vegetables could have grown better with the sun shining brightly in the sky and ____ them light.

A. Giving; given B. Given; given

C. Giving; giving D. Given; giving


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 28. ____ his head high , the manager walked into the room to attend the meeting ____ then .

  • Holding; being held

  • B. Held; holding

  • C. Having held; held

  • D. Held; to be held


Unit 5 the power of nature

  • 29. ____ but he still could not understand it.

  • Told many times

  • B. Having been told many times

  • C. He has been told many times

  • D. Though he had been told many times

  • 30. On hearing the ____ news, I was too ____ to sleep.

  • A. exciting ; excited B. excited ; exciting

  • C. exciting ; exciting D. excited ; excited


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