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Anatomy & Kinesiology. Part II: the Hip and Pelvis. Jan McElroy PT, MS, PCS 2009 Do not copy without permission. Hip & Pelvis. Hip & Pelvis: skeletal system. Overview. The pelvis is made up of 2 innominate bones which meet: anteriorly at the pubic symphysis and

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anatomy kinesiology

Anatomy & Kinesiology

Part II: the Hip and Pelvis

Jan McElroy PT, MS, PCS 2009

Do not copy without permission

overview
Overview

The pelvis is made up of

2 innominate bones which meet:

anteriorly at the pubic symphysis

and

posteriorly at the sacrum

Sacrum

Innominate

bone

Pubic

Symphysis

Innominate

bone

pelvis
Pelvis

The innominate bone is made up of 3 fused bones:

Ischium

Ilium

Pubis

Ilium

Anterior view

Ilium

IIschium

pubis

Lateral view

landmarks
Landmarks

Important landmarks to note are:

Iliac Crest

Anterior-superior iliac spine (ASIS)

Posterior-superior iliac spine (PSIS)

Ischialtubersosity(also called the I.T.s, the ischial “tubes”, or your “sit bones”

Acetabulum

Lateral view

the hip
The hip

When we talk about the hip we are referring to the articulation between the acetabulum of the pelvis and the head of the femur.

The hip joint is a ball and socket joint.

femur
femur

The femur is the longest and strongest bone in the body.

The shape of the proximal portion of the femur changes dramatically from infancy to adulthood.

Femur-

Anterior view

femur landmarks
Femur: landmarks

Head

Neck

Greater

trochanter

Lesser

trochanter

Shaft

Linea aspera

Lateral condyle

Medial condyle

Left Femur-

Anterior view

Left Femur-

Posterior view

muscles from the pelvis to the spine

Quadratus lumborum

  • Psoas Minor
  • Psoas Major
Muscles from the Pelvis to the spine

Note: the Psoas major and minor muscles span both the lumbar spine and the hip, therefore are 2 joint muscles.

Anterior view

From: Novartis Interactive Atlas,

Frank Netter artist

anterior muscles of the hip

Iliopsoas(Iliacus, psoas major & minor)

  • Quadriceps(rectus femoris, vastusmedialis, vastuslateralis, vastusintermedialis
  • Sartorius
Anterior muscles of the hip

Anterior view

right thigh

From:

Novartis Interactive Atlas,

Frank Netter artist

Anterior view

medial muscles of hip

Adductor brevis

  • Adductor longus
  • Adductor magnus
  • gracilis
Medial Muscles of HIP

Anterior view

Right thigh

Anterio-medial

view, right thigh

posterior muscles of hip

Gluteus maximus

  • Gluteus medius
  • Gluteus minimus
  • Hamstrings
    • Biceps femoris
    • Semitendinosus
    • semimembranosus
  • Iliotibital tract

(also called the

IT band)

Posterior muscles of hip

Posterior view

right thigh

recommended references
Recommended References:

Atlas of Human Anatomy, Frank Netter

McMinn’s Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Abrahams, Hutchings, & Marks

Kinesiology of the Musculoskeletal System, Donald Neumann

Anatomy Coloring Book, Kapit & Elson

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