H205 Cosmic Origins. Today: Forming the Solar System Finish EP6. APOD. The Origin of the Solar System. All objects in the Solar System seem to have formed at nearly the same time, out of the same original cloud of gas and dust
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Explains the Solar System’s flatness and the common direction of motion of the planets around the Sun
Interstellar clouds are common between the stars in our galaxy and this suggests that most stars may have planets around them
Dust grains are very small - about 4000 could fit across a sucker stick
Astronomers have observed many gas/dust disks where planets may be forming
Condensationoccurs when gas cools below a critical temperature at a given gas pressure
Gas molecules bind together to form liquid or solid particles
On Earth, water vapor condenses to form clouds
Steam condenses on the bathroom mirror
Where did OUR Moon come from???
Lunar Formation Before Apollo
The Spongmonkies: We Like The Moon
It’s the little dot inside!
One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind
Earth rocks contain water!
It’s not green cheese!
Maybe there is a tiny iron core inside
But, unlike the Earth, the Moon has very little iron
And Moon rocks are dry!
Told through the art of William Hartmann
The material forms a disk around the Earth
The Earth gobbled it!
Asteroid Gaspara, image from Galileo spacecraft
Asteroid Ceres from Hubble images
Asteroid Itokawa was visited by a Japanese spacecraft in 2005. The spacecraft will return to Earth in 2010.
Regions of the asteroid belt seemingly empty of asteroids are called Kirkwood Gaps
The gaps are caused by the same resonance process that causes the gaps in Saturn’s rings
Trojan asteroids are two loose swarms located along Jupiter’s orbit, 60° ahead and 60° behind
Origin of Elements