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EASTERN FRONT 1941-43

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EASTERN FRONT 1941-43. Hitler wants Lebensraum Living space to the East Wants the farm production of the Ukraine. Problems for Hitler: *Mussolini invades Greece, gets pushed out -can’t leave it alone, doesn’t want the Brits to move in *worried about Yugoslavia.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Hitler wants Lebensraum

Living space to the East

Wants the farm production of the Ukraine

slide3

Problems for Hitler:

*Mussolini invades Greece, gets pushed out

-can’t leave it alone, doesn’t want the Brits to move in

*worried about Yugoslavia

slide4

Hitler invades the balkans on April 6, 1941

Controls region but costs him time

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OPERATION BARBAROSSA

Germany has three groups for invasion

slide6

Army Group North

Von Leeb

Army Group Center

Von Boch

Army Group South

Von Runstedt

slide7

Germans have:

180 divisions

3,000,000 men

3350 tanks

7200 guns

2800 aircraft

Plus divisions from Romania, Italy, Hungary and Finland

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Soviet Union forces:

132 divisions

2,500,000 men

20,000 tanks

18,000 aircraft

Have 132 divisions in Central and Far Eastern Russia

Most are obsolete

slide9

Stalin needs time to modernize equipment and replace officers wiped out during purge

60 of 67 Corps Commanders

136 of 199 Divisional Commanders

90% of Generals

80% of Colonels

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Stalin ignores warning signs of invasion

Hitler attacks

June 22, 1941

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300,000 captured in each

600,000 captured

100,000 captured

slide14

Commissar Order:

Order to kill Political Commissars attached to Soviet units

500 shot 1st month

slide15

Einsatzgruppen follow behind the Army

33,771 Jews and other civilians killed outside of Kiev

slide16

Problems for Germany:

*Soviets bring units in from East-non-aggression treaty with Japan

slide17

*Supply issues

-long supply lines

-not enough trucks

-Railroad wrong gauge

*dispute between Hitler and Generals

slide20

Rain stops in November

But winter begins

Germans have no winter uniforms

slide25

In 1942 Hitler can no longer attack with all groups.

Decides to attack south towards Caucus & Stalingrad

slide27

Offensive goes good until they approach Stalingrad

Wermacht not designed for urban fighting – can’t use tanks to full advantage

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November of 1942 Soviets attack the flanks held by Romanian and Italian units that collapse instantly

German Sixth Army surrounded-Hitler refuses escape

slide36

Sixth Army cut off

Goering promises to supply from air . . .he fails

Sixth Army surrenders January 1943

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