EASTERN FRONT 1941-43
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EASTERN FRONT 1941-43. Hitler wants Lebensraum Living space to the East Wants the farm production of the Ukraine. Problems for Hitler: *Mussolini invades Greece, gets pushed out -can’t leave it alone, doesn’t want the Brits to move in *worried about Yugoslavia.

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EASTERN FRONT 1941-43

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Eastern front 1941 43

EASTERN FRONT 1941-43


Eastern front 1941 43

Hitler wants Lebensraum

Living space to the East

Wants the farm production of the Ukraine


Eastern front 1941 43

Problems for Hitler:

*Mussolini invades Greece, gets pushed out

-can’t leave it alone, doesn’t want the Brits to move in

*worried about Yugoslavia


Eastern front 1941 43

Hitler invades the balkans on April 6, 1941

Controls region but costs him time


Eastern front 1941 43

OPERATION BARBAROSSA

Germany has three groups for invasion


Eastern front 1941 43

Army Group North

Von Leeb

Army Group Center

Von Boch

Army Group South

Von Runstedt


Eastern front 1941 43

Germans have:

180 divisions

3,000,000 men

3350 tanks

7200 guns

2800 aircraft

Plus divisions from Romania, Italy, Hungary and Finland


Eastern front 1941 43

Soviet Union forces:

132 divisions

2,500,000 men

20,000 tanks

18,000 aircraft

Have 132 divisions in Central and Far Eastern Russia

Most are obsolete


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Stalin needs time to modernize equipment and replace officers wiped out during purge

60 of 67 Corps Commanders

136 of 199 Divisional Commanders

90% of Generals

80% of Colonels


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Stalin ignores warning signs of invasion

Hitler attacks

June 22, 1941


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300,000 captured in each

600,000 captured

100,000 captured


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Soviet prisoners marched to captivity


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Russian tanks counter attack June 1941


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Commissar Order:

Order to kill Political Commissars attached to Soviet units

500 shot 1st month


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Einsatzgruppen follow behind the Army

33,771 Jews and other civilians killed outside of Kiev


Eastern front 1941 43

Problems for Germany:

*Soviets bring units in from East-non-aggression treaty with Japan


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*Supply issues

-long supply lines

-not enough trucks

-Railroad wrong gauge

*dispute between Hitler and Generals


Eastern front 1941 43

* Rain


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Rain stops in November

But winter begins

Germans have no winter uniforms


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German soldiers during a Russian Winter


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German troops advancing across Soviet farmlands


Eastern front 1941 43

Russians counter attack on December 5 and stop Operation Barbarossa


Eastern front 1941 43

In 1942 Hitler can no longer attack with all groups.

Decides to attack south towards Caucus & Stalingrad


Eastern front 1941 43

Offensive goes good until they approach Stalingrad

Wermacht not designed for urban fighting – can’t use tanks to full advantage


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Fighting goes building by building and floor by floor


Eastern front 1941 43

After Germans are stopped in city, Stalin begins to build up reserves for counter offensive


Eastern front 1941 43

November of 1942 Soviets attack the flanks held by Romanian and Italian units that collapse instantly

German Sixth Army surrounded-Hitler refuses escape


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Sixth Army cut off

Goering promises to supply from air . . .he fails

Sixth Army surrenders January 1943


Eastern front 1941 43

Germans captured at Stalingrad


Eastern front 1941 43

T-34


Eastern front 1941 43

Tiger


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