The eastern front 1941 1945
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The Eastern front 1941–1945. By: Emily Donovan. Introduction. The Eastern front was a “war within a war” during World War II. Basically, Germany tried to take over Russia during a series of offensives. The Eastern Front. Also known as the Soviet-German war

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The Eastern front 1941–1945

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The eastern front 1941 1945

The Eastern front1941–1945

By: Emily Donovan


Introduction

Introduction

  • The Eastern front was a “war within a war” during World War II. Basically, Germany tried to take over Russia during a series of offensives.


The eastern front

The Eastern Front

  • Also known as the Soviet-German war

  • Russians called it the "Great Patriotic War"

  • June 22, 1941 - May 9, 1945

  • Biggest front of World War 2, 1000 miles

  • German army suffered 80% of all casualties during

  • Torture and executions were used by both sides

  • Stalin orders “not a step back” which required a Russian rearguard to shoot any Soviet soldier that tried to leave battle

  • 27 million Soviet soldiers and civilians and 4 million German troops lost their lives


The eastern front 1941 1945

Why?

  • Germany- wanted “living space”

  • Fought to gain new territory for Germans in Eastern Europe

  • Germans would live there, as the “Master Race“

  • Previous inhabitants would be deported to Siberia or killed, a few would become slaves


Major battles

Major Battles

  • Operation Barbarossa

  • Battle For Moscow

  • Stalingrad

  • Battle of Kursk

  • Battle for Berlin


Operation barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa

  • Nazi Germany’s invasion of Russia on June 22nd 1941

  • Barbarossa the largest military attack of World War Two

  • 117 German divisions, excluding Romanian and Hungarian units

  • Russia -132 army divisions, including 34 armoured divisions

  • Day 17 - 300,000 Russians had been captured


The eastern front 1941 1945

Operation Barbarossa


Battle for moscow

Battle For Moscow

  • Winter 1941-42

  • Soviet- counter offensive

  • Started Dec 6, 1941

  • German army stopped for the first time- Moscow


The eastern front 1941 1945

Soviet counter-offensive: Winter 1941

Battle of Moscow, Second Battle of Kharkov, and Winter Campaign of 1941–1942


Stalingrad

Stalingrad

  • In mid-November of 1942 after a long period of successful takeovers, Hitler decided it was time to make a move to take over Russia

  • The German army started in the battle of Stalingrad with 200 000 soldiers and in February of 1943 with only 91 000 soldiers left German Forces surrendered

  • The bloodiest battle of World War 2, major defeat of German army


The eastern front 1941 1945

Stalingrad: Winter 1942


Battle of kursk

Battle of Kursk

  • July 5 - August 23, 1943

  • German tanks prepare for a new attack on the Soviets-July 28, 1943

  • Germany didn’t succeed. The Soviets had built defences

  • Red Army now has the upper hand for the rest of the war

  • Last German offensive battle in the East


The eastern front 1941 1945

Battle of Kursk July 5 - August 23, 1943


The battle of berlin

THE BATTLE OF BERLIN

  • April- May 8 1945

  • Soviet forces launched final offensive move toward Berlin

  • April 25. –Germany surrounded Soviet forces link up with Americans attacking from the west

  • In Berlin itself, heavy fighting occurred

  • April 30, 1945, Adolf Hitler commits suicide

  • Within days, Berlin falls to the Soviets

  • The German armed forces surrender in the west on May 7 and in the east on May 9, 1945

  • May 8, 1945, was proclaimed Victory Day in Europe


The eastern front 1941 1945

Soviet white camouflage uniform for Winter

Anti-tank gun crew

Soviet -RedArmy

Fighting from the ruins of

a factory, Stalingrad

Shooting at German airplanes


The eastern front 1941 1945

Motorized artillery crossing river using a pontoon bridge

Anti Tank Gun

German Army

“Tank graveyard” around 2000 tanks were put to rest here

Germans advance on Stalingrad, 1942


Sources

sources

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Front_(World_War_II)

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Eastern_Front_of_World_War_II

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Barbarossa

  • http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/09/world-war-ii-the-eastern-front/100150/

  • http://www.history.co.uk/shows/soviet-storm-ww2-in-the-east/articles/history-of-the-eastern-front

  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/648813/World-War-II/53583/The-Eastern-Front-October-1943-April-1944

  • http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005186

  • http://www.naval-history.net/WW2CampaignsRussianFront.htm

  • http://gizmodo.com/5841516/not-a-step-back-images-from-world-war-2s-lawless-eastern-front

  • http://englishrussia.com/2011/09/20/the-eastern-front-of-ww-ii/

  • http://www.education.com/study-help/article/european-history-world-war-ii-eastern-western-front/

  • https://www.google.ca/#q=eastern+front+ww2+summary&safe=active&start=20

  • http://jmh.nbed.nb.ca/teacher/note/monday-december-2nd-2013

  • http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/operation_barbarossa.htm

  • http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/07/world-war-ii-operation-barbarossa/100112/


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