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Artists Working in the Landscape “Land Art” / “Earthworks”.
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Michael Heizer (US, b. Berkeley 1944) Double Negative 1969-70, 24 thousand ton displacement, 2 trenches together are 1,500 feet long, 50 feet deep, and 30 feet wide Virgin River Mesa, Nevada"Un-sculpture“: "There is nothing there, yet it is still a sculpture.“ - Michael Heizer
Michael Heizer, City, begun 1970 - ongoing (photograph 1999), Nevada desert, two miles from the nearest paved road, funded by Dia and Lannon Foundation
Heizer came up with the idea for City in 1970
when he was in the Yucatan studying the
serpent motif in the ball court at Chichen Itza.
He was 24.
Michael Heizer, preliminary sketch for Levitated Mass, 2011, LACMA. Installation, March, 2012: http://lacma.wordpress.com/2012/03/15/levitated-mass-what-next/
Smithson, A Nonsite: Franklin, New Jersey, summer, 1968wood, limestone, aerial photographs, 16 1/2" x 82" x 110“(right top and bottom) Chalk and Mirror Displacement, 1969, 6 mirrors / chalk from quarry in Oxted, England, each 10"x 5" (overall 10‘)
Nancy Holt (US b. 1938, environmental artist) Sun Tunnels, exterior and interior view (Sunset on the Summer Solstice), 1973-76, Great Basin Desert, Utah; Compare (right): Center for Land Use Interpretation Viewing Area, Nevada, 2006 (commission, Whitney Biennial) http://clui.org/section/new-center-0
Robert Smithson, Floating Island to Travel Around Manhattan Island (1970/2005) 30-x-90-foot barge landscaped with earth, rocks, and native trees and shrubs, towed by a tugboat around the island of Manhattan, produced by Minetta Brook in collaboration with the Whitney Museum of American Art during Smithson’s 2005 retrospective.(right) Smithson, Study for Floating Island, 1970. pencil on paper. 19″ x 24″
Ana Mendieta (b. Havana, 1948; d. New York,1985), Untitled (Facial Hair Transplants), 1972compare Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair, 1946
Mendieta, Untitled (People Looking at Blood), 1973
"I am overwhelmed by the feeling of having been cast from the womb (nature).
My art is the way I re-establish the bonds that unite me to the universe."
Mendieta, Untitled (Blood & Feathers), 1974
Mendieta, (left) Maroya (Moon), 1982: (right) Untitled (Silueta Series, Iowa), 1979
Mendieta, Totem Grove Series, 1984-85 (installation Whitney MA, NYC, 2001)
Walter de Maria (US, b. 1935) The Broken Kilometer, 1979, located at 393 West Broadway in New York City. 500 polished solid brass rods, each measuring two meters (6.5 feet) in length and five centimeters (two inches) in diameter. The 500 rods are placed in five parallel rows of 100 rods each. The sculpture weighs 18 3/4 tons (right) companion piece: De Maria\'s 1977 Vertical Earth Kilometer at Kassel, Germany, a permanently installed earth sculpture, a brass rod of the same diameter, total weight and total length has been inserted 1,000 meters into the ground.
Walter de Maria, The New York Earth Room, 1977-present, 141 Wooster Street, NYC, interior earth sculpture, 250 cubic yards of earth, 3,600 square feet of floor space, 22 inch depth of material,Total weight of sculpture: 280,000 lbs
Walter de Maria, The Lightning Field, 1974-77, near Quemado, New Mexico, 400 stainless steel poles, average height 20\' 7 ½" Overall dimensions: 5,280 x 3,300\'
Mario Merz (Italian, 1925-2003) (right) Guggenheim NYC retrospective, 1989, centerpiece: Unreal City,Nineteen Hundred Eighty-Nine, 1989; glass, mirror, metal pipes, twigs, rubber, clay, and clamps, 197 x 504 x 392 in. overall. Arte Povera
Merz, Giap Igloo, 1968
Metal tubes, wire mesh,
neon tubes, dirt, 9’10”
— James Turrell
Cairn with clay wall, London - temporary
Roof of NYC Metropolitan MA - temporary
La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art - permanent
Goldsworthy’s photographs of art made on his walks in nature of stones, berries, leaveshttp://youtu.be/YkHRZQU6bjIExcerpt from a highly recommended film on Goldsworthy’s art: Rivers and Tides, DVD 000134 available in the Sac State library. You can get extra credit for watching it.
Christo Javacheff, (Bulgarian-American, b.1935),(top left)Package on Wheelbarrow, 1963, Paris, New RealistChristo & Jeanne Claude (French, b. 1935): (top right) Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971–95; (bottom left) The Pont Neuf Wrapped, 1975–85; (bottom right) Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980–83.
Christo Javacheff, self-portrait around the time of his escape from Soviet Bulgaria to Vienna then Paris in January of 1957
In all of his interviews the artist insists that his art is a “scream for freedom.”
Christo Javashev, Man Posing, academic study, pencil on paper, 1953-1956, collection Academy of Fine Art Gallery in Sofia; (right top) Christo Javashev, Rural Worker, watercolor, 1956 at the Academy of Fine Art
Soviet Realism, Andrei Milnikov’s Peaceful Fields, won a Stalin prize in 1951
1972-76, September 1976
Christo & Jeanne-Claude, The Gates, 7,500 gates, 23 miles of pedestrian walkways in Central Park, NYC, a 20-year project. http://youtu.be/z057rxwJXPo