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Land. Chapter 14, Section 2: Urban Land Use Standards: SEV1c, 5d. What is urbanization?. The movement of people from rural areas to cities. Mostly caused by people searching for jobs. Fast Growth vs. Slow Growth. Urban areas that grow quickly:

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Land

Chapter 14, Section 2: Urban Land Use

Standards: SEV1c, 5d


What is urbanization
What is urbanization?

  • The movement of people from rural areas to cities.

  • Mostly caused by people searching for jobs


Fast growth vs slow growth
Fast Growth vs. Slow Growth

  • Urban areas that grow quickly:

    • Not enough infrastructure to support so many people

      • Traffic jams b/c not enough roads

      • Overcrowded schools b/c not enough school buildings

      • Overflowing or malfunctioning sewer systems

    • Too many people can cause living conditions for all to deteriorate- called urban crisis.

Shanty town on the outskirts of Hong Kong


Fast growth vs slow growth1
Fast Growth vs. Slow Growth

  • Urban areas that grow slowly:

    • Roads & public transportation are built to handle growth.

    • Traffic flows easily.

    • Green spaces & recreational areas are planned.

      • Green spaces provide temperature moderation for the city, a place for rainwater to seep into soil (instead of flooding) and a place to relax.


What are the suburbs
What are the suburbs?

  • Areas on the outskirts of a city.

  • People usually commute into city via car or public transportation.

  • When city expands to countryside its called urban sprawl.


What are problems associated with urban sprawl
What are problems associated with urban sprawl?

  • Marginal Land Use

  • Land that is not suitable for building

    • Mountain sides

    • Coastal areas

  • If city is poorly planned for future growth then suburbs may expand into marginal lands.

    • Ex: Los Angeles was built in a valley. As population grew, people moved up the side of mountains to build homes. Homes subject to landslides.


What are problems associated with urban sprawl1
What are problems associated with urban sprawl?

2. Heat Island Effect

  • Cities are warmer than rural areas

  • Roads/buildings trap and store more heat than vegetation.

  • Can alter local weather patterns

    • Hot air in city rises, cools, causes rain

    • If fewer green spaces to absorb rainfall then have more flooding

    • Heat leads to human health problems- heat stroke

    • Urban Heat Islands on The Weather Channel - YouTube


How should cities be planned
How SHOULD cities be planned?

  • Land-use planning- determining in advance how land will be used

    • Where will houses go?

    • Where will businesses be located?

    • What areas should be protected for recreation & wildlife?

    • Where will our water come from?


How should cities be planned1
How SHOULD cities be planned?

  • Maglevs are magnetic levitation trains. Use magnets to start, stop, propel the train.

  • Maglev train video clip- The Futures Channel

  • Mass Transit systems

    • Buses

    • Trains (NY subway, MARTA, Maglevs)

  • Using mass transit

    • Saves energy

    • Reduces traffic

    • Reduces air pollution

    • Decreases land covered by road/parking lot b/c can be built above/below ground.


How should cities be planned2
How SHOULD cities be planned?

  • Open Spaces (aka greenbelts)

    • Land within urban area set aside for scenic & recreational enjoyment.

      • Ex: parks, gardens, bike trails, hiking trails

    • Important for

      • Pollution filtration

      • CO2 removal

      • Temperature control

      • Absorbing water from rainstorm runoff

      • Exercise & relaxation


Atlanta s beltline project
Atlanta’s Beltline Project

  • Transforming 22 miles of old railroad track into space for walking, biking, recreation.

  • First part is complete.

  • Government trying to raise money for entire project

  • BeltLine Provides New Life to Railroad Tracks in Atlanta - NYTimes.com


What tools are used by land use planners to plan development
What tools are used by land use planners to plan development?

  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS)- computerized system for storing, manipulating, & viewing geographic data.

  • Allows planner to see layers of information so can see what is present and what could be added/altered to an area.


What are the problems associated with land use planning
What are the problems associated with land-use planning? development?

  • Land-Use planning is difficult to follow through with b/c

    • Government requires environmental impact reports of any building projects

    • Citizens have right to comment on reports

    • Many disagreements over plans


You should be able to
You should be able to… development?

  • Describe the urban crisis & explain how people are addressing it.

  • Explain how urban areas create heat islands.

  • Explain how open spaces provide environmental benefits to urban areas.

  • Describe how a GIS system can be used as a land use planning tool.


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