Set up of the english colonies
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Set Up of the English Colonies. 1585 – Roanoke – Sir Walter Raleigh 1607 – Jamestown, Virginia – John Smith (Business ordeal) 1620 – Plymouth, Mass – Puritans and Separatists (Religious freedom). A. New England Colonies. New Hampshire Massachusetts Connecticut Rhode Island.

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Set Up of the English Colonies

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Set up of the english colonies

Set Up of the English Colonies

  • 1585 – Roanoke – Sir Walter Raleigh

  • 1607 – Jamestown, Virginia – John Smith (Business ordeal)

  • 1620 – Plymouth, Mass – Puritans and Separatists (Religious freedom)


A new england colonies

A. New England Colonies

  • New Hampshire

  • Massachusetts

  • Connecticut

  • Rhode Island


1 new england facts

1. New England Facts

  • Religious freedom from the Anglican Church (King Henry the VIII)

  • Puritans – wanted to reform the Anglican church

  • Separatists – wanted set up their own churches.

  • 1630’s – 15,000 Puritans escaped = the Great Migration


2 government

2. Government

  • Mayflower Compact – to provide order, obey the laws, democratic government (representative)

  • 1630 – John Winthrop (Puritan) – 1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay.

  • 1636 – Thomas Hooker left for Hartford, Connecticut. Adopted the Fundamental Order of Connecticut (1st written Constitution)


3 economics

3. Economics

  • Towns were organized

  • Farming was the main economic activity

  • Substance farming – meet the needs to fed their families

  • Waterpower > to run lumber & grain mills

  • Shipbuilding

  • Trade – West Indies – fish, fruit, and furs

  • Triangular trade & Middle Passage


B the middle colonies

B. The Middle Colonies


1 facts middle colonies

1. Facts – Middle Colonies

  • 1624 - New York – Dutch settlers

  • 1664 - New Jersey – John Berkeley & George Carteret

  • 1638 - Delaware – Swedish settlers

  • 1681 - Pennsylvania – William Penn


Note william penn

Note: William Penn

  • Society of friends, or Quakers

  • Quakers believed they all had an “inner light”

  • All people were equal in God’s eyes.

  • Pacifists – people whom refuse to fight

  • “holy experiment” - Indians

  • Philadelphia – “city of brotherly love”


2 governmen t

2. Government

  • New York – Representative government – elective legislature

  • New Jersey – Representative assembly to set laws and taxes.

  • Pennsylvania – people rule themselves - democracy


3 economics1

3. Economics

  • Industries

  • Home-based crafts, carpentry, flour mills, lumber, and iron mills.

  • Diversity in ethnic trades and religion


C the southern colonies

C. The Southern Colonies

  • Maryland

  • Virginia (Jamestown)

  • North Carolina

  • South Carolina

  • Georgia


1 southern colonies facts

1. Southern Colonies Facts

  • Lord Baltimore gave large estates to his relatives and aristocrats

  • Wealthy and powerful landowners

  • The Mason-Dixon line

  • Act of Toleration

  • Bacon’s Rebellion (Nathaniel)


2 government1

2. Government

  • House of Burgesses

  • John Locke – English philosopher wrote a constitution for the Carolina colony.

  • It covers land distribution, social rankings, principles and rights.


3 economics2

3. Economics

  • Tobacco (Maryland & Virginia) is the cash crop

  • Huge demand for tobacco = slave labor was needed

  • Rice (South Carolina & Georgia) is the cash crop (slave labor a must).

  • Tidewater – low lands, flooding, near ports

  • Back country – forests, mainly small farms


Slavery

Slavery

  • Slavery was one reason for the economic success of the Southern colonies.

  • Indentured servants – agreed to work without pay.


Set up of the english colonies

States

Facts

COLONY

Government

Economics


Study guide ream

Study Guide– Ream

Issued 9/22

Test 9/26

Name

  • Be able to label all 13 colonies, Jamestown, Roanoke, and Plymouth

  • Reasons for colonizing Roanoke, Jamestown, and Plymouth

  • Identify House of Burgesses, Mayflower Compact, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  • Identify John Calvin, Sir Walter Raleigh, John Smith, John Smith, John Winthrop, William Penn, and Nathaniel Bacon

  • Mercantilism. Representative Democracy, Columbian Exchange, Northwest Passage, charters, joint-stock company, Virginia Company, puritans, separatist, Great Migration, Quakers, indentured servants, Act of Toleration, and Bacon’s Rebellion.

Please be prepared. If you’re absent on Friday, please come in Monday at 7:30am to take the test. All study guides, maps, PowerPoint's are on my website. Books will be issued to you 9/23/2014


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