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George Orwell. Eric Arthur Blair Born June 25, 1903 Father was an employee of India’s government- Opium Department Moved to Oxfordshire, England 1904 Eric Blair -- George Orwell as student, 1921. (Orwell Archive) Knew wanted to be a writer from age 5

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George orwell
George Orwell

  • Eric Arthur Blair

  • Born June 25, 1903

  • Father was an employee of India’s government- Opium Department

  • Moved to Oxfordshire, England 1904

  • Eric Blair -- George Orwell as student, 1921. (Orwell Archive)

  • Knew wanted to be a writer from age 5

  • Won scholarships to Wellington & Eaton- College Prep Schools

  • Neglected to win a University Scholarship


Employment
Employment

  • 1923

  • Burma Provincial Police Training School, Mandalay (Eric Blair standing third from the left)

  • 5 years

  • Left – Dreams of becoming a writer and could not support a political system of imperialism


Employment1
Employment

  • 1927- Moved to Paris to write

  • Ran out of money & became a dishwasher

  • 1929- Became an official Tramp & roamed the English countryside

  • Teaching at the Hawthorns, 1933. (Geoffrey Stevens)

  • Time to write & publish books


Employment2
Employment

  • Wrote Down and Out in Paris & Burmese Days

  • 1941- Producer & Broadcaster for BBC India


Committed socialist
Committed Socialist

  • Went to Spain to report on Spanish Civil War

  • Soon joined the struggle against the Nationalist Army

  • Member of the Lenin Division in Barcelona

  • March 1937

  • On the Aragon front at Huesca: Orwell is the tall figure standing in the centre, Eileen Blair is crouching in front of him


POUM

  • Joined the Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification

  • Worked his way up to 2nd Lieutenant

  • An outlaw

  • Sniper Bullet to the neck

  • Returned to England


George orwell1
George Orwell

  • Pseudonym

  • '...I would prefer the book to be published pseudonymously. I have no reputation that is lost by doing this and if the book has any kind of success I can always use this pseudonym again.' In effect, it meant that Eric Blair would somehow have to shed his old identity and take on a new. This is exactly what he tried to do: he tried to change himself from Eric Blair, old Etonian and English colonial policemen, into George Orwell, classless anti-authoritarian.

  • Orwell= River in Suffolk, England

  • George= British, Christian Name


Utopia
Utopia

  • Utopia ideal civilization, which may range from a city to a world, regarded to be attainable in the future by some.

  • Humans all work to create a better, or perhaps perfect society.

  • “Utopian" in a negative meaning is used to discredit ideas as too advanced, too optimistic or unrealistic and impossible to realize.


Anti utopian writer
Anti-Utopian Writer

  • Cautionary tales about what can happen if tyranny and totalarianism is left to rule. Warns against a future lead by selfishness.

  • Orwell envisions a world corrupted by power and devastated by nuclear war and poverty.

  • The writer at work. Orwell typing in his flat in Islington, winter 1945. (Vernon Richards)

://www.orwell.ru/bio/gallery/english/eg_003

www.k-1.com/Orwell/


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