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George Orwell. 1903-1950 WWI The Spanish Civil War The Russian Revolution Nazi Germany Fascist Italy WWII. Totalitarianism.

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George orwell

George Orwell

1903-1950

WWI

The Spanish Civil WarThe Russian RevolutionNazi GermanyFascist ItalyWWII


Totalitarianism
Totalitarianism

  • Totalitarianism refers to any system of government that has complete and total control of all aspects of life: wealth, speech, labour, ownership, beliefs, loyalties, education, health, movement and so on.


George orwell1
George Orwell

  • Orwell witnessed totalitarianism in its various forms. His novels and essays reflect his fears for the world should totalitarianism spread.

  • Animal farm, published in 1945, is a “cautionary tale”; a warning to its readers.



Tsar nicholas ii ruler of the russian empire 1894 1917
Tsar Nicholas II Ruler of the Russian Empire 1894-1917


The happy rich the miserable poor
The happy rich; the miserable poor.


Karl marx the father of communism
Karl MarxThe “Father of Communism”.

Karl Marx’s social and political model (Marxism) called for:

  • State ownership of industry and land.

  • Equal distribution of wealth to abolish poverty and oppression.

  • From Marxism evolved

    the Communist political

    models around the world.


The 1917 revolution
The 1917 Revolution

  • The Russian people’s movement to remove the Tsar, and form a communist state.


Joseph stalin
Joseph Stalin

  • Leader of Russia’s ruling Communist Party 1922 to 1957.


The ideals of communism are eroded by poverty and misery
The ideals of Communism are eroded by poverty and misery.

  • The Great Purges: Stalin imprisons or kills those who oppose his words or actions.


The ideals of communism are eroded by poverty and misery1
The ideals of Communism are eroded by poverty and misery.

  • The Gulags (“correctional labour camps”).


The ideals of communism are eroded by poverty and misery2
The ideals of Communism are eroded by poverty and misery.

  • The KGB or secret police.


The ideals of communism are eroded by poverty and misery3
The ideals of Communism are eroded by poverty and misery.

  • Pravda: the propaganda organisation that promoted Stalin’s policies and actions as being good for Russia and its people.



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